World Index of Moral Freedom

The World Index of Moral Freedom[1] is sponsored and published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, a libertarian think tank based in Madrid, Spain. The Index is an international index ranking one hundred and sixty countries on their performance on five categories of indicators:

  • religious freedom (taking into account both the freedom to practice any religion or none, and the situation of religious control on the state);
  • bioethical freedom (including the legal status of abortion, euthanasia and other practices pertaining to bioethics, like surrogacy or stem cell research);
  • drugs freedom (including the legal status of cannabis and the country's general policy on hard drugs);
  • sexual freedom (including the legal status of pornography and sex services among consenting adults, and the country's age of sexual consent), and
  • family and gender freedom (including women's freedom of movement, the legal status of cohabitation of unmarried couples, same sex marriage and the situation of transgender people).

The WIMF's first edition was published on April 2, 2016, co-authored by Foundation researchers Andreas Kohl and Juan Pina. A second edition was published by the same foundation in July, 2018, this time authored by Juan Pina and Emma Watson.

PurposeEdit

The World Index of Moral Freedom aims at completing the views presented by other international freedom indices measuring general freedom or aspects thereof (press freedom, economic freedom, etcetera). To do so, the Index aims at responding a simple question: how free from state-imposed moral constraints are human beings depending on their countries of residence? The research conducted tries to determine the degree of individual freedom to take decisions pertaining to the great moral debates of our time. The first edition of the WIMF includes a short note on the comparison between its country ranking and those of the other freedom indices.

Categories studied and classification of countriesEdit

Each category of indicators is worth twenty points (20% of the total score) and aims at responding the following questions:

  • Category A. Religious indicators. How free is the practice of any religion or none, and how religious-controlled is the state.
  • Category B. Bioethical indicators. How free is individual decision making on matters posing bioethical questions.
  • Category C. Drugs indicators. How free is the production, trade and consumption of substances deemed harmful.
  • Category D. Sexuality indicators. How free are sexual intercourse, pornography and sex services among consenting adults.
  • Category E. Gender & family indicators. How free are women, LGBT individuals and unmarried couples living together.

Each category is made up of various indicators (normally one or two leading indicators adjusted by one or two lesser wheighted ones), the weight of which is set in view of their inferred relevance towards the category's overall score. Countries have been classified towards each category according to the information available in the sources reviewed. All category results and the general index itself are presented in a 0–100 point scale. Countries are classified according to the following intervals:

  • 90–100 points – Highest moral freedom
  • 80–90 points – Very high moral freedom
  • 60–80 points – High moral freedom
  • 50–60 points – Acceptable moral freedom
  • 40–50 points – Insufficient moral freedom
  • 20–40 points – Low moral freedom
  • 10–20 points – Very low moral freedom
  • 0–10 points – Lowest moral freedom

Findings of the WIMF's first editionEdit

State of moral freedom around the worldEdit

Only one country, the Netherlands, is classified as having the "highest" level of moral freedom by scoring slightly over the 90 points required for that label. Just four countries make it into the upper twenty points, and only ten pass the 75 point threshold. Out of the 160 countries considered, only 64 "pass the exam" and score 50 points or more. And around 30% of all countries fall in the "low", "very low" or "lowest" moral freedom areas of the index. Technology and the cultural globalization that it produces are deemed by the authors to be the most powerful driving forces towards acceptance of individual moral freedom.

NetherlandsEdit

With a three-point (three per cent) advantage over their closest competitor and eight points over the third, the Netherlands top the 2016 country ranking. The Dutch score is twenty-one points higher than the average of all countries enjoying "high" or "very high" moral freedom. For many decades, whenever moral freedom was discussed, the Netherlands had the least interventionist policies. The first country to fight human trafficking by legalising sex services performed by consenting adults, or to normalize the use of cannabis, or to acknowledge same sex marriage already in 2001, performs remarkably high in most indicators considered towards the index.

Latin countriesEdit

A trend may be inferred towards international unification of the legal and political approach to moral issues. And that trend favours the Western world's predominant choice for low moral interference by the state. This is particularly noticeable when looking at the index performance of many Latin European and Latin American countries, which seem to reveal a fast cultural evolution from traditional, conservative values into a laissez-faire approach to morality. Five of the top ten countries are Romance-speaking, while nine other Romance-speaking countries in Europe and the Americas make it to the "high moral freedom" region of the index. The particular performance of countries like Portugal or Uruguay is much higher than their recent history would indicate. These and other Latin countries seem to have discarded their traditional background of religiously influenced governance. Greece, while not a Latin country, shares a Mediterranean heritage with Latin countries and also makes it to the "high moral freedom" region.

Islamic countries and other religious-influenced statesEdit

The fifteen lowest scoring countries at the World Index of Moral Freedom are Islamic and located in the Persian Gulf, North-Eastern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. This is also true for the region's economically free enclaves in the area. Saudi Arabia comes last (160th) in the ranking and doesn't even score ten points out of the one hundred potentially available. Only four predominantly Islamic countries obtain more than fifty points: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Turkey and Kazakhstan. A few non Islamic countries also show low levels of moral freedom which the authors consider likely to be due to a strong political leverage held by another religion.

RussiaEdit

In Russia, moral conservatism, derived from either the Orthodox faith or traditional culture, seems to have replaced Marxism as the basis for an ongoing, though softer, social engineering by the state. Russia's score is just in the middle of the classification, a position shared by some of her cultural and political allies, like Serbia or Moldova, while politically unfree Belarus falls further below. In all of these countries, the freedom of LGBT individuals is a matter of particular concern.

Communist countriesEdit

The remaining communist regimes coerce their citizens into abiding by a moral code based on allegedly scientific views. Freedom of conscience and the practice of any religion are repressed. In the case of the People's Republic of China, decades of limited economic liberalization have not resulted in an equally noticeable moral openness. Two other communist regimes, North Korea and Vietnam, fall further down into the low moral freedom area, while moral freedom is deemed insufficient in Laos and just slightly over the fifty point threshold in socialist Venezuela or in outright communist Cuba.

Other findingsEdit

For different reasons, often including abnormally low scores in a particular set of indicators, a few Western countries which perform reasonably high in other freedom indices rank rather low at the WIMF. Hungary and Norway fail to make it into the "high moral freedom" area, although just for under half a point. The British and Irish performance is particularly low within the moral freedom area, compared to the Anglo countries of North America and Australasia. Iceland, Japan, Poland and Romania barely manage to pass the fifty point mark, while Singapore, Israel or South Korea fall in the "insufficient moral freedom" part of the index. While most countries topping the WIMF in its first edition belong to the developed world, some countries with a lesser degree of development have also made their way into the higher classification areas. Cambodia, scoring just over seventy points, obtains the fifteenth place in the global classification and is the first developing country in the index. It is also worth noting that the four European micro-states considered −the principalities of Andorra and Monaco and the republics of San Marino and Malta− score surprisingly low in comparison with their bigger neighbours. In spite of their high living standards and economic freedom, these countries fail to perform similarly when it comes to moral freedom. A similar situation is observed in Caribbean and South Pacific island micro-states, which score poorly in most categories and rank in the lower areas of the WIMF classification. This similarity between very small countries in different regions, in spite of the cultural influence of their neighbours and allies, may lead to the conclusion that moral freedom is affected, among other relevant factors, by country size.

WIMF 2020 rankingEdit

RANK COUNTRY 2020 SCORE 2018 SCORE VARIATION IN SCORE 2018 RANK VARIATION IN RANK RELIGION INDICATORS BIOETHICAL INDICATORS DRUGS INDICATORS SEXUALITY INDICATORS GENDER INDICATORS OVERALL MORAL FREEDOM CLASSIFICATION
1 Netherlands, The 95.44 91.33 4.11 1 0 97.13 95.00 97.59 97.50 90.00 HIGHEST
2 Portugal 95.43 86.93 8.50 2 0 97.13 91.88 98.13 100.00 90.00 HIGHEST
3 Canada 91.94 86.58 5.36 3 0 99.57 95.00 94.65 82.50 88.00 HIGHEST
4 Belgium 90.82 78.98 11.84 11 7 98.00 95.00 73.58 97.50 90.00 HIGHEST
5 Uruguay 89.99 84.50 5.49 4 -1 97.13 78.75 88.08 100.00 86.00 VERY HIGH
6 Luxembourg 87.61 72.23 15.38 13 7 97.13 80.00 73.43 97.50 90.00 VERY HIGH
7 Austria 86.06 72.13 13.93 14 7 98.00 68.75 73.53 100.00 90.00 VERY HIGH
8 Spain 86.05 81.60 4.45 7 -1 97.13 68.75 76.89 97.50 90.00 VERY HIGH
9 Mexico 85.14 81.33 3.81 8 -1 95.38 77.50 96.06 87.50 69.25 VERY HIGH
10 Italy 84.61 66.38 18.23 23 13 96.83 68.75 92.49 100.00 65.00 VERY HIGH
11 Germany 84.53 83.03 1.50 6 -5 96.83 75.00 60.85 100.00 90.00 VERY HIGH
12 Denmark 83.39 71.08 12.31 16 4 97.13 88.75 39.06 100.00 92.00 VERY HIGH
13 Switzerland 83.28 80.88 2.40 9 -4 97.13 75.00 77.54 97.50 69.25 VERY HIGH
14 Czech Republic 83.21 83.63 -0.42 5 -9 99.00 67.50 97.05 100.00 52.50 VERY HIGH
15 Australia 82.80 66.48 16.32 22 7 98.41 93.13 72.45 60.00 90.00 VERY HIGH
16 Colombia 81.15 76.15 5.00 12 -4 95.96 48.75 75.06 100.00 86.00 VERY HIGH
17 Argentina 77.82 71.08 6.74 15 -2 95.67 26.88 71.55 100.00 95.00 HIGH
18 Slovenia 76.47 69.63 6.84 18 0 96.13 68.75 56.47 100.00 61.00 HIGH
19 New Zealand 76.45 66.38 10.07 24 5 97.13 60.63 36.99 97.50 90.00 HIGH
20 Norway 76.15 62.50 13.65 33 13 97.13 68.75 42.85 80.00 92.00 HIGH
21 Finland 75.57 65.83 9.74 27 6 96.13 37.50 56.71 97.50 90.00 HIGH
22 France 75.00 68.15 6.85 21 -1 96.83 68.75 36.93 82.50 90.00 HIGH
23 South Africa 74.62 61.33 13.29 35 12 96.25 82.50 88.38 45.00 61.00 HIGH
24 Brazil 74.46 68.93 5.53 20 -4 95.67 30.63 56.03 100.00 90.00 HIGH
25 Greece 74.42 65.88 8.54 26 1 94.25 88.75 38.58 100.00 50.50 HIGH
26 Ireland 74.39 64.05 10.34 31 5 96.13 68.75 38.82 76.25 92.00 HIGH
27 Israel 74.27 50.53 23.74 62 35 92.38 57.50 71.49 100.00 50.00 HIGH
28 United States of America 73.68 79.15 -5.47 10 -18 97.12 88.13 65.18 30.00 88.00 HIGH
29 Croatia 73.04 59.50 13.54 39 10 92.38 62.50 73.82 65.00 71.50 HIGH
30 Chile 72.43 63.28 9.15 32 2 94.25 26.88 71.52 100.00 69.50 HIGH
31 Ecuador 72.37 65.13 7.24 29 -2 95.09 36.25 71.51 100.00 59.00 HIGH
32 Estonia 72.02 69.03 2.99 19 -13 97.41 62.50 37.20 100.00 63.00 HIGH
33 Sweden 71.69 65.95 5.74 25 -8 97.13 68.75 20.09 82.50 90.00 HIGH
34 Malta 70.73 55.33 15.40 44 10 95.13 0.00 73.04 97.50 88.00 HIGH
35 Cyprus 70.34 53.35 16.99 51 16 94.25 87.50 38.71 93.75 37.50 HIGH
36 Georgia 70.00 49.25 20.75 67 31 94.95 87.50 71.07 62.50 34.00 HIGH
37 Hungary 69.27 64.75 4.52 30 -7 93.21 88.75 19.91 100.00 44.50 HIGH
38 United Kingdom 69.20 60.63 8.57 36 -2 96.83 57.50 41.65 60.00 90.00 HIGH
39 Peru 67.47 60.58 6.89 37 -2 94.25 36.25 76.83 100.00 30.00 HIGH
40 Bulgaria 66.80 52.45 14.35 56 16 96.13 62.50 20.63 100.00 54.75 HIGH
41 Iceland 65.99 54.08 11.91 46 5 97.99 62.50 21.95 82.50 65.00 HIGH
42 Macedonia 64.78 53.75 11.03 48 6 96.13 67.50 55.25 75.00 30.00 HIGH
43 Slovakia 64.24 61.95 2.29 34 -9 96.13 67.50 19.58 100.00 38.00 HIGH
44 Poland 64.22 52.70 11.52 54 10 94.25 36.25 54.58 100.00 36.00 HIGH
45 Latvia 63.98 59.25 4.73 40 -5 97.13 67.50 19.76 97.50 38.00 HIGH
46 Bolivia 62.30 65.30 -3.00 28 -18 96.13 36.25 39.13 100.00 40.00 HIGH
47 Jamaica 62.06 53.50 8.56 49 2 96.13 31.25 90.43 62.50 30.00 HIGH
48 Costa Rica 62.03 53.45 8.58 50 2 89.50 31.25 34.39 100.00 55.00 HIGH
49 Serbia 61.43 53.13 8.30 53 4 90.50 62.50 20.16 100.00 34.00 HIGH
50 Honduras 60.84 42.45 18.39 107 57 89.50 15.63 19.07 100.00 80.00 HIGH
51 Bosnia and Herzegovina 60.36 55.25 5.11 45 -6 92.38 67.50 21.41 82.50 38.00 HIGH
52 Lithuania 59.56 52.25 7.31 57 5 97.13 67.50 36.69 62.50 34.00 ACCEPTABLE
53 Moldova 57.74 52.50 5.24 55 2 95.13 62.50 54.59 42.50 34.00 ACCEPTABLE
54 Romania 57.73 56.50 1.23 41 -13 95.25 67.50 20.90 65.00 40.00 ACCEPTABLE
55 Trinidad and Tobago 57.60 45.38 12.22 94 39 96.13 31.25 70.62 65.00 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
56 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 57.20 48.38 8.82 74 18 96.13 31.25 68.61 65.00 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
57 Paraguay 56.38 55.63 0.75 43 -14 94.25 20.63 37.02 100.00 30.00 ACCEPTABLE
58 Montenegro 56.28 59.65 -3.37 38 -20 96.13 62.50 19.76 65.00 38.00 ACCEPTABLE
59 Panama 55.20 51.75 3.45 58 -1 94.25 31.25 16.49 100.00 34.00 ACCEPTABLE
60 Armenia 55.13 49.95 5.18 64 4 92.79 87.50 21.36 40.00 34.00 ACCEPTABLE
61 Albania 54.69 53.13 1.56 52 -9 96.13 62.50 19.85 65.00 30.00 ACCEPTABLE
62 Mongolia 54.40 47.70 6.70 77 15 96.13 62.50 20.85 62.50 30.00 ACCEPTABLE
63 Korea, South 54.38 46.38 8.00 82 19 94.80 73.75 38.37 25.00 40.00 ACCEPTABLE
64 Japan 53.53 50.85 2.68 60 -4 96.25 47.50 23.42 62.50 38.00 ACCEPTABLE
65 San Marino 53.43 49.55 3.88 66 1 96.13 15.63 39.91 65.00 50.50 ACCEPTABLE
66 Mozambique 53.41 49.70 3.71 65 -1 86.75 31.25 21.56 97.50 30.00 ACCEPTABLE
67 Singapore 53.32 45.70 7.62 89 22 74.60 72.50 12.02 77.50 30.00 ACCEPTABLE
68 Kenya 53.19 36.95 16.24 120 52 96.25 36.25 20.97 87.50 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
69 Ukraine 52.88 47.58 5.30 78 9 63.64 87.50 37.78 42.50 33.00 ACCEPTABLE
70 India 51.39 56.35 -4.96 42 -28 63.21 57.50 35.74 67.50 33.00 ACCEPTABLE
71 Senegal 51.15 47.25 3.90 80 9 96.13 15.63 21.48 97.50 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
72 Guinea-Bissau 51.12 45.25 5.87 95 23 95.13 15.63 22.35 97.50 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
73 Andorra 50.96 45.00 5.96 96 23 98.13 15.63 21.54 65.00 54.50 ACCEPTABLE
74 Ghana 50.62 48.63 1.99 72 -2 95.13 31.25 39.22 62.50 25.00 ACCEPTABLE
75 Mali 50.30 39.30 11.00 117 42 78.25 31.25 22.01 100.00 20.00 ACCEPTABLE
76 Tajikistan 50.29 47.50 2.79 79 3 53.00 67.50 16.94 80.00 34.00 ACCEPTABLE
77 Madagascar 49.70 46.33 3.37 83 6 86.75 15.63 21.11 100.00 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
78 Botswana 49.53 39.50 10.03 115 37 98.00 31.25 19.38 70.00 29.00 INSUFFICIENT
79 Kazakhstan 49.22 50.70 -1.48 61 -18 48.19 87.50 16.41 60.00 34.00 INSUFFICIENT
80 Guatemala 48.60 43.83 4.77 100 20 89.50 15.63 20.36 87.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
81 Kyrgyzstan 48.52 46.00 2.52 84 3 52.25 62.50 16.34 77.50 34.00 INSUFFICIENT
82 Tunisia 48.35 42.58 5.77 106 24 79.66 62.50 19.58 50.00 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
83 Lebanon 48.20 33.90 14.30 129 46 91.05 15.63 37.84 67.50 29.00 INSUFFICIENT
84 Belarus 47.70 45.70 2.00 88 4 73.15 87.50 17.36 22.50 38.00 INSUFFICIENT
85 Guinea 47.69 49.00 -1.31 69 -16 95.13 31.25 22.08 65.00 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
86 Nepal 47.59 48.83 -1.24 71 -15 81.13 62.50 38.82 22.50 33.00 INSUFFICIENT
87 Bahamas, The 47.52 45.50 2.02 90 3 98.00 31.25 15.87 62.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
88 El Salvador 47.38 39.20 8.18 118 30 93.25 0.00 13.65 100.00 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
89 Monaco 46.70 48.95 -2.25 70 -19 60.50 31.25 21.26 82.50 38.00 INSUFFICIENT
90 Saint Lucia 46.64 45.88 0.76 86 -4 96.13 31.25 18.30 62.50 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
91 Malawi 46.47 48.45 -1.98 73 -18 95.38 15.63 38.86 62.50 20.00 INSUFFICIENT
92 Seychelles 46.36 47.88 -1.52 76 -16 94.25 31.25 16.28 65.00 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
93 Liberia 46.33 45.50 0.83 91 -2 96.13 31.25 21.75 52.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
94 Nicaragua 46.15 36.33 9.82 122 28 85.75 0.00 17.52 97.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
95 Angola 46.09 36.13 9.96 124 29 98.70 15.63 21.11 65.00 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
96 Ivory Coast 45.65 46.70 -1.05 81 -15 91.38 15.63 21.27 70.00 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
97 Russia 45.47 54.00 -8.53 47 -50 46.32 87.50 17.06 42.50 34.00 INSUFFICIENT
98 Venezuela 45.43 50.38 -4.95 63 -35 80.94 20.63 16.08 77.50 32.00 INSUFFICIENT
99 Cambodia 45.38 70.50 -25.12 17 -82 72.72 62.50 36.70 25.00 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
100 Suriname 44.80 45.00 -0.20 97 -3 96.13 15.63 19.76 62.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
101 Ethiopia 44.57 34.25 10.32 128 27 78.48 31.25 20.60 67.50 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
102 Guyana 44.12 51.45 -7.33 59 -43 92.38 62.50 18.24 22.50 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
103 Solomon Islands 44.12 45.75 -1.63 87 -16 96.13 15.63 21.33 62.50 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
104 Gambia, The 43.62 45.43 -1.81 92 -12 87.30 31.25 22.04 52.50 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
105 Cuba 43.53 49.00 -5.47 68 -37 49.78 62.50 14.85 57.50 33.00 INSUFFICIENT
106 Tonga 43.40 40.38 3.02 113 7 68.88 15.63 20.01 82.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
107 Azerbaijan 42.47 42.30 0.17 108 1 53.10 67.50 15.23 42.50 34.00 INSUFFICIENT
108 Turkey 42.14 48.03 -5.89 75 -33 31.32 62.50 31.39 47.50 38.00 INSUFFICIENT
109 Cameroon 41.60 45.88 -4.28 85 -24 96.13 31.25 20.64 40.00 20.00 INSUFFICIENT
110 Haiti 41.11 43.75 -2.64 101 -9 96.13 15.63 21.30 52.50 20.00 INSUFFICIENT
111 Zimbabwe 40.89 43.70 -2.81 102 -9 82.39 31.25 38.29 22.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
112 Mauritius 40.74 45.38 -4.64 93 -19 96.13 15.63 19.46 42.50 30.00 INSUFFICIENT
113 Philippines, The 40.40 39.63 0.77 114 1 79.08 15.63 37.32 45.00 25.00 INSUFFICIENT
114 Dominica 39.48 42.75 -3.27 105 -9 96.13 15.63 18.17 42.50 25.00 LOW
115 Tuvalu 38.77 41.93 -3.16 109 -6 84.88 15.63 20.85 42.50 30.00 LOW
116 Dominican Republic 38.31 40.78 -2.47 112 -4 95.13 0.00 18.95 47.50 30.00 LOW
117 Laos 38.26 44.25 -5.99 98 -19 67.00 31.25 38.05 25.00 30.00 LOW
118 Comoros 38.14 29.25 8.89 131 13 31.13 31.25 18.35 65.00 45.00 LOW
119 Vietnam 37.90 35.38 2.52 126 7 37.66 82.50 16.83 22.50 30.00 LOW
120 Eswatini 37.63 41.50 -3.87 111 -9 85.75 31.25 18.63 22.50 30.00 LOW
121 China 36.86 39.30 -2.44 116 -5 38.08 62.50 20.70 25.00 38.00 LOW
122 Uzbekistan 36.73 43.93 -7.20 99 -23 44.15 62.50 16.50 22.50 38.00 LOW
123 Sri Lanka 36.39 21.90 14.49 144 21 51.38 15.63 38.43 42.50 34.00 LOW
124 Thailand 36.20 29.38 6.82 130 6 50.07 35.63 22.29 45.00 28.00 LOW
125 Equatorial Guinea 35.96 43.13 -7.17 104 -21 89.50 31.25 21.56 12.50 25.00 LOW
126 Korea, North 35.75 34.50 1.25 127 1 37.50 62.50 28.75 25.00 25.00 LOW
127 Nigeria 35.50 27.28 8.22 135 8 48.79 36.25 21.96 52.50 18.00 LOW
128 Papua New Guinea 35.41 43.25 -7.84 103 -25 96.13 15.63 21.57 18.75 25.00 LOW
129 Malaysia 34.53 26.20 8.33 137 8 77.34 31.25 19.05 30.00 15.00 LOW
130 Algeria 34.35 20.25 14.10 149 19 22.75 31.25 20.24 77.50 20.00 LOW
131 Central African Republic 33.50 37.23 -3.73 119 -12 20.88 15.63 18.51 87.50 25.00 LOW
132 Rwanda 32.66 36.20 -3.54 123 -9 59.73 31.25 14.84 32.50 25.00 LOW
133 Uganda 32.34 41.88 -9.54 110 -23 76.05 31.25 16.89 12.50 25.00 LOW
134 Morocco 32.06 26.20 5.86 138 4 38.84 31.25 32.70 32.50 25.00 LOW
135 Bangladesh 31.38 28.53 2.85 134 -1 21.81 15.63 35.47 60.00 24.00 LOW
136 Indonesia 30.61 22.93 7.68 142 6 20.51 31.25 17.27 60.00 24.00 LOW
137 Myanmar 29.79 26.13 3.66 139 2 12.14 15.63 33.69 62.50 25.00 LOW
138 Jordan 29.58 35.88 -6.30 125 -13 29.60 31.25 19.53 62.50 5.00 LOW
139 Eritrea 27.03 26.80 0.23 136 -3 20.13 31.25 11.25 47.50 25.00 LOW
140 Turkmenistan 26.89 36.88 -9.99 121 -19 5.00 67.50 10.47 22.50 29.00 LOW
141 Djibouti 26.73 29.13 -2.40 132 -9 26.50 15.63 14.01 52.50 25.00 LOW
142 Mauritania 24.44 28.73 -4.29 133 -9 12.38 15.63 21.71 52.50 20.00 LOW
143 Egypt 24.42 17.25 7.17 153 10 21.94 15.63 17.01 52.50 15.00 LOW
144 Pakistan 22.20 18.05 4.15 151 7 15.31 31.25 39.43 0.00 25.00 LOW
145 Iraq 21.80 12.63 9.17 157 12 19.00 15.63 16.86 52.50 5.00 LOW
146 Bahrain 21.55 21.25 0.30 146 0 15.00 67.50 15.24 0.00 10.00 LOW
147 Qatar 20.47 15.63 4.84 156 9 31.88 31.25 21.71 12.50 5.00 LOW
148 Maldives 20.28 25.75 -5.47 140 -8 35.13 31.25 15.02 0.00 20.00 LOW
149 Syria 19.78 23.30 -3.52 141 -8 30.45 15.63 17.85 25.00 10.00 VERY LOW
150 Libya 17.98 21.00 -3.02 147 -3 18.21 31.25 20.42 0.00 20.00 VERY LOW
151 Brunei 16.05 19.88 -3.83 150 -1 21.75 15.63 10.40 22.50 10.00 VERY LOW
152 Kuwait 16.02 15.93 0.09 155 3 21.88 31.25 17.00 0.00 10.00 VERY LOW
153 Oman 15.77 20.63 -4.86 148 -5 24.38 31.25 18.21 0.00 5.00 VERY LOW
154 Iran 15.51 17.75 -2.24 152 -2 7.08 20.63 31.84 0.00 18.00 VERY LOW
155 Somalia 15.13 22.25 -7.12 143 -12 16.25 15.63 11.25 12.50 20.00 VERY LOW
156 Sudan 14.79 21.43 -6.64 145 -11 3.48 31.25 14.22 25.00 0.00 VERY LOW
157 Saudi Arabia 12.86 10.13 2.73 160 3 8.53 31.25 4.55 0.00 20.00 VERY LOW
158 United Arab Emirates 12.14 11.50 0.64 158 0 17.90 15.63 17.19 0.00 10.00 VERY LOW
159 Yemen 10.19 11.23 -1.04 159 0 12.38 15.63 17.96 0.00 5.00 VERY LOW
160 Afghanistan 9.59 16.50 -6.91 154 -6 12.38 15.63 9.95 0.00 10.00 LOWEST

ReceptionEdit

In Portugal and, to a lesser extent, in Spain, many mainstream media and a number of other online media reported on the World Index of Moral Freedom 2016. All in all, just over ninety media carried the story.[2] Generally speaking, reception was positive in Portugal and both positive and negative in Spain. The following are some of the main media carrying the story:

  • Expresso (Portugal, mainstream news magazine), "Portugal é o terceiro país com mais liberdade moral do mundo" (Portugal is the third country in the world with the highest moral freedom). Positive reception.[3] A similar news story, as disseminated by news agencies, was also carried by TVI24 television outlet and regional newspapers like Diário de Notícias de Madeira, Açoriano Oriental, Algarve Notícias and others. Some media in other Portuguese speaking countries also reproduced the story, like Bissau Resiste (Guinea Bissau) or Awure news portal (Brazil). The story was published in Tetum language by East Timor news blog Timor Agora.[4]
  • Cuatro (Spain, mainstream TV outlet), "España, sexto país del mundo en libertad moral" (Spain, sixth country in the world in terms of moral freedom). Positive reception.[5] A similar story, as disseminated by news agencies, was also reproduced by mainstream newspapers La Vanguardia (Barcelona), El Español (Madrid), El Día (Tenerife) or El Economista (Madrid), to mention but a few. The same story was also carried by major TV outlet Telecinco.
  • Actuall (Spain, large catholic online newspaper), "Drogas, prostitución, pornografía… España, a la cabeza mundial en 'corrupción' moral" (Drugs, prostitution, pornography ... Spain is a world leader in moral corruption). Negative reception.[6]
  • Diario de Sevilla (Spain, regional newspaper), "Paradójica España" (Paradoxal Spain). Negative mention.[7]
  • Radio Inter (Spain, nationwide radio station), news report on the World Index of Moral Freedom, broadcast on April 21, 2016.[8]
  • Stiri.com.ro (Romania, news portal), "Indexul Mondial al Libertatii Morale a fost publicat" (World Index of Moral Freedom published).[9]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit

World Index of Moral Freedom 2016 (WIMF) 2016, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, Madrid, Spain, on April 2, 2016. Authors: Andreas Kohl and Juan Pina.

World Index of Moral Freedom 2018 (WIMF) 2018, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, Madrid, Spain, in July, 2018. Authors: Juan Pina and Emma Watson.

World Index of Moral Freedom 2020 (WIMF) 2020, published by the Foundation for the Advancement of Liberty, Madrid, Spain, in July, 2020. Authors: Gloria Álvarez, Yasuhiro Kotera and Juan Pina.