William Paget, 1st Baron Paget

William Paget, 1st Baron Paget of Beaudesert KG PC (1506 – 9 June 1563), was an English statesman and accountant who held prominent positions in the service of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I.

The Lord Paget
William Paget, 1st Baron Paget by Master of the Stätthalterin Madonna.jpg
Painting of William Paget, attributed to Master of the Stätthalterin Madonna
Born1506
Died9 June 1563
EducationSt Paul's School, Trinity Hall, Cambridge and University of Paris
Occupationseveral diplomatic missions
Spouse(s)Anne Preston
ChildrenHenry Paget, 2nd Baron Paget
Thomas Paget, 3rd Baron Paget
Charles Paget
Edward Paget
Etheldreda Paget
Eleanor Paget
Grisold Paget
Joan Paget
Dorothy Paget
Anne Paget
Parent(s)John Paget
Anne Paget[citation needed]
Arms of Sir William Paget, 1st Baron Paget, KG

Early lifeEdit

He was the son of John Pachett or Paget, one of the serjeants-at-mace of the city of London.[1] He was born in Staffordshire in 1506, and was educated at St Paul's School when William Lily was its headmaster, and at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, proceeding afterwards to the University of Paris.[2][3] At St Paul's, he befriended the future antiquary John Leland and later acted as one of his benefactors.[4]

Political careerEdit

He served as Member of Parliament for Lichfield in 1529 and for Middlesex in 1545.

Probably through the influence of Stephen Gardiner, who had early befriended Paget, he was employed by King Henry VIII in several important diplomatic missions; in 1532 he was appointed Clerk of the Signet and soon afterwards of the privy council. He became secretary to Anne of Cleves in 1539 and was appointed Clerk of the Parliaments on 15 July 1541,[2] although it seems likely that he never discharged the duties of this office in person, but rather through others.[5] In April 1543 he was sworn of the privy council and appointed secretary of state, in which position Henry VIII relied on his advice, at last appointing him one of the council to act during the minority of King Edward VI.[2]

Paget at first vigorously supported the protector Somerset, while counselling a moderation which Somerset did not always observe.[2] Paget would go on to become increasingly alienated from the Duke, reaching out to him in a series of letters from February 1548 in which he tried to persuade Somerset to take others' opinions into consideration. He blamed Somerset's dictatorial style and foolish attempts to help the poor for the Prayer Book Rebellion in 1549. In 1547 he was made controller of the king's household, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, elected knight of the shire (MP) for Staffordshire and made a knight of the Garter; and in 1549 he was summoned by writ to the House of Lords as Baron Paget de Beaudesert (at which point he ceased to be the Clerk of the Parliaments[5]). About the same time he obtained extensive grants of lands, including Cannock Chase and Burton Abbey in Staffordshire, in London the residence of the bishops of Exeter, afterwards known successively as Lincoln House and Essex House, on the site now occupied by the Outer Temple in the London, and also in 1547 he was granted the lordship and manor of Harmondsworth.[6] He obtained Beaudesert in Staffordshire, which remained the chief seat of the Paget family.[2]

Paget shared Somerset's disgrace, being committed to the Tower in 1551 and degraded from the Order of the Garter in the following year, besides suffering a heavy fine by the Star Chamber for having profited at the expense of the Crown in his administration of the duchy of Lancaster. He was, however, restored to the king's favour in 1553, and was one of the twenty-six peers who signed Edward's settlement of the crown on Lady Jane Grey in June of that year. He made his peace with Queen Mary I, who reinstated him as a knight of the Garter and in the privy council in 1553, and appointed him Lord Privy Seal in 1556. On the accession of Queen Elizabeth I in 1558 Paget retired from public life.[2]

DescendantsEdit

By his wife Anne Preston, Paget had four sons and six daughters.

Sons:

  1. Henry (c. 1665–1743)
  2. Thomas (c. 1540–1589)
  3. Charles
  4. Edward (died young)

Daughters:

  1. Etheldreda, who married Sir Christopher Allen
  2. Eleanor, who married firstly, Jerome Palmer, esquire, and secondly, Sir Rowland Clarke
  3. Grisold, who married firstly, Sir Thomas Rivett, and secondly, Sir William Waldegrave
  4. Joan (or Jane), who married Sir Thomas Kitson
  5. Dorothy, who married Sir Thomas Willoughby (died 1559)
  6. Anne (died 1590), who married Sir Henry Lee.[7]

Paget's two eldest sons, Henry and Thomas, succeeded in turn to the peerage. Henry was raised to the peerage as Baron Burton during his father's lifetime. Charles was a well-known Catholic conspirator during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I; Thomas was suspected of complicity in Charles's plots and was attainted in 1587.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jack, Sybil M. "Paget, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21121. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Chisholm 1911.
  3. ^ "Paget, William (PGT506W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Carley, "Leland, John (c.1503–1552)"
  5. ^ a b "PAGET, William (by 1506-63), of Beaudesert Park and Burton-upon-Trent, Staffs., West Drayton, Mdx., and London". History of Parliament Online. History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  6. ^ 16. Cal. Pat. 1547-8, 45., via VCH, aka A History of the County of Middlesex, Volume 4, Harmondsworth, Hayes, Norwood With Southall, Hillingdon With Uxbridge, Ickenham, Northolt, Perivale, Ruislip, Edgware, Harrow With Pinner, published by Victoria County History, London, 1971.
  7. ^ Banks 1808, p. 414; Chambers 1936, p. 248.

Bibliography:

Attribution:

Honorary titles
Preceded by
William Whorwood
Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire
bef. 1547–1563
Succeeded by
The Earl of Essex
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Brian Tuke
Clerk of the Signet
1532–?
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Wriothesley
Sir Ralph Sadler
Secretary of State
1543–1548
With: Sir Thomas Wriothesley 1543–1544
Sir William Petre 1544–1548
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Smith
Sir William Petre
Preceded by
Sir John Gage
Comptroller of the Household
1547–1550
Succeeded by
Sir John Gage
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1547–1552
Succeeded by
Sir John Gates
Preceded by
The Earl of Bedford
Lord Privy Seal
1555–1558
Succeeded by
Sir Nicholas Bacon
Government offices
Preceded by
none
Clerk of the Privy Council
1540–1543
Succeeded by
John Mason
William Honnyng
Peerage of England
New title Baron Paget
1549–1563
Succeeded by
Henry Paget