List of government space agencies

  (Redirected from Space agencies)

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

As of 2018, 72 different government space agencies are in existence; 14 of those have launch capability. Six government space agencies—the China National Space Administration (CNSA), the European Space Agency (ESA), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA or Roscosmos)—have full launch capabilities; these include the ability to launch and recover multiple satellites, deploy cryogenic rocket engines and operate space probes.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where applicable. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

List of space agenciesEdit

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows
  Human Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Space station + Human Spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Human spaceflight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None Of The Above
Name Initialisms/Acronym Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Australian Space Agency ASA   Australia 1 July 2018 No Yes Yes No [1][2][citation needed]
Belarus Space Agency BSA   Belarus 2009 No No Yes No [3]
Central American Association for Aeronautics and Space (Asociación Centroamericana de Aeronáutica y el Espacio) ACAE   Costa Rica 2010 No Yes No No [4]
Croatian Space Agency (Hrvatska Svemirska Agencija) CROSA
HSA
  Croatia 2007 No Yes No No [5]
Mexican Space Agency AEM   Mexico 30 July 2010 Yes Yes Yes No
Algerian Space Agency
ASAL   Algeria 16 January 2002 No Yes Yes No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization APSCO
International
28 October 2005 No Yes No No
Austrian Space Agency ALR   Austria 12 July 1972 No No No No [6][7]
Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency[8] AMAKA   Azerbaijan 21 February 1974 No Yes No No
National Space Science Agency NSSA   Bahrain 9 April 2014 No No No No [9]
Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA
IASB
BISA
  Belgium 25 November 1964 Yes No No No [10]
Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities ABAE   Venezuela 1 January 2008 No Yes No No [11]
Brazilian Space Agency AEB   Brazil 10 February 1994 Yes Yes Yes[12] No [13]
UK Space Agency UKSA   United Kingdom 1 April 2010 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Bolivian Space Agency ABE   Bolivia 2012 No Yes No No [14][15][16]
Bulgarian Space Agency ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
  Bulgaria 1987 Yes Yes No No [17]
Canadian Space Agency CSA
ASC
  Canada 1 March 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [18]
China National Space Administration CNSA   China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes [19]
Colombian Space Commission CCE   Colombia 18 July 2006 No Yes No No [20]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP   Singapore 1995 No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS
International
  Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)
  British National Space Centre (BNSC)
  Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
  Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES)
  China National Space Administration (CNSA)
  Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR)
  European Space Agency (ESA)
  Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE)
  Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA)
1982 No No No No
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958 No No No No [21][22][23]
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic - Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[citation needed][24])
[1]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
  Czech Republic 2003[citation needed] Yes No No No [24]
Danish National Space Center DRC
DNSC
  Denmark 1 January
1968
31 December
2006
Yes No No No [citation needed]
Danish Space Research Institute DRKI[permanent dead link]
DSRI
  Denmark 1 January
2005
31 December
2006
No Yes No No [citation needed]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes [25][26]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency GISTDA
สทอภ
  Thailand 3 November 2002 No Yes No No [27]
Serbian Office for Space Sciences, Research and Development SERBSPACE   Serbia August 2016 No Yes No No
German Aerospace Center DLR   Germany 1969 Yes Yes Yes No [28]
Hungarian Space Office MŰI
HSO
  Hungary January 1992 No Yes No No
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes [29][30][31]
Greek: Ελληνικό Κέντρο Διαστήματος
(Hellenic Space Center)
ΕΛΚΕΔ
HSC
  Greece 9 August 2019 No No No No [citation needed]
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA   Spain 1942 Yes Yes Yes No [32][33][34]
Iranian Space Agency ISA   Iran 2004 No Yes Yes Yes [35][36][37]
Israeli Space Agency
ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI   Italy 1988 Yes Yes Yes No [38][39]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA   Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes [40][41]
Luxembourg Space Agency
LSA   Luxembourg September 2018 No No No No [42]
National Space Agency (KazCosmos);
Kazakh Space Research Institute
NSA (KazCosmos);
SRI
  Kazakhstan 1991 Yes Yes No No
New Zealand Space Agency
NZSA   New Zealand April 2016 No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology KCST   North Korea 1980s 2013 No Yes Yes No [43][44][45]
National Aerospace Development Administration NADA   North Korea 2013 No Yes Yes No [46]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute KARI   South Korea 10 October 1989 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Lithuanian Space Association[citation needed] LSA   Lithuania 2007 No Yes No No [47]
Malaysian Space Agency MYSA   Malaysia 2002 Yes Yes No No [48]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences NARSS   Egypt 1994 No Yes No No [50]
National Space Program NSP   Australia 1986 1996 No Yes No No [51]
CNES CNES   France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes Yes No [52]
Paraguayan Space Agency (Agencia Espacial de Paraguay) AEP   Paraguay 26 March 2014 No No No No
National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development CONIDA   Peru 11 June 1974 No Yes Yes No [53]
Philippine Space Agency PhilSA   Philippines 8 August 2019 No Yes No No [55][56]
Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales CNIE   Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [57][58]
Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales CONAE   Argentina 28 May 1991 No Yes Yes No [57]
National Institute of Aeronautics and Space LAPAN   Indonesia 27 November 1964 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia[citation needed] NRSC   Mongolia 1987 No No No No [59]
French: Centre national de la cartographie et de la télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)[citation needed]
CNCT   Tunisia 1988 No No No No
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)   Uzbekistan 2001 No No No No [2][60]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
  Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes Yes Yes No [3]
National Space Organization NSPO   Republic of China (Taiwan) 3 October 1991 No Yes Yes No [61]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA   Nigeria 1998 No Yes No No [citation needed]
Netherlands Institute for Space Research SRON   Netherlands 1983 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Norwegian Space Centre NRS
NSC
  Norway 1987 No Yes Yes No [62]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission SUPARCO
سپارکو
  Pakistan 16 September 1961 No Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Portugal Space   Portugal 2019 No No No No [63][64]
Romanian Space Agency ASR
ROSA
  Romania 1991 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
Egypt Remote Sensing Center (defunct) EASRT-RSC   Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [50]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Center for Remote Sensing)[citation needed]
CRTS   Morocco December 1989 No No No No
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS   Russia c.1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Turkish Space Agency TUA   Turkey 2018 No Yes Yes No [65][66][67]
Soviet space program СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO   Bangladesh 1980 No No No No [68]
Polish Space Agency POLSA
POLSA
  Poland 2014 Yes Yes No No [citation needed]
South African National Space Agency SANSA   South Africa 9 December 2010 No No No No [69]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia[citation needed]
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء‎)
KACST-SRI   Saudi Arabia No Yes No No
Space Technology Institute (Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ Việt Nam) CNVT or STI
VAST-STI
  Vietnam 20 November 2006 Yes Yes No No [70]
Swedish National Space Agency SNSA   Sweden 1972 Yes Yes Yes No [citation needed]
Swiss Space Office SSO    Switzerland 1998 No No No No [71][72]
Turkmenistan National Space Agency TNSA   Turkmenistan 2011 No Yes No No [73]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA   United Nations 13 December 1958 [74]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 December 1959 [75]
United Arab Emirates Space Agency UAESA   United Arab Emirates 2014 Yes Yes No No [76]
Mohammed bin Rashid Space Centre MBRSC   Dubai,   United Arab Emirates 6 February 2006 (as EIAST)
2015 (as MBRSC)
Yes Yes No No [77]
United States Space Force USSF   United States 20 December 2019 Yes Yes Yes Yes [78][79][80]
Syrian Space Agency SSA   Syria 18 March 2014 No No No No [81][82][83][84]

List of space agencies with launch capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Launch capable Multiple Satellites Launch capable Developed and Deployed Cryogenic Rocket Engines Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
Australian Space Agency ASA   Australia 1 July 2018 Yes No No No No [1][2][citation needed]
China National Space Administration CNSA   People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [19]
European Space Agency ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [25][26]
Iranian Space Agency ISA
ISA
  Iran 2004 Yes No No No No
Israeli Space Agency ISA
סל"ה
  Israel April 1983 Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Italian Space Agency ASI   Italy 1988 Yes Yes No Yes No [85]
National Aerospace Development Administration
KCST   North Korea 1980s Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
KARI
항우연
  South Korea October 1989 Yes No No No No [citation needed]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [29][30][31]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA   Japan 1 October 2003 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [40]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales CNES   France 19 December 1961 Yes Yes Yes No No [52]
State Space Agency of Ukraine ДКАУ
SSAU
  Ukraine 2 March 1992 Yes Yes No No No [citation needed]
Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia ca. 1992 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
Soviet space program СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [citation needed]
United States Space Force USSF   United States 20 December 2019 Yes Yes Yes No Yes [78][79][80]

List of space agencies with human spaceflight capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Human Spaceflight capable Human Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration CNSA   People's Republic of China April 22, 1993 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [19][86]
Russian Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
  Russia December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [87]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States October 1, 1958 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [49]
Soviet space program СССР   Soviet Union July 22, 1951 December 26, 1991 Dissolution of Soviet Union October 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) last October 2, 1991 (1991-10-02) last July 27, 1991 (1991-07-27) last December 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) last December 26, 1991 (1991-12-26) last [87]

List of space agencies with lunar landing capabilityEdit

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Crewed Spaceflight Controlled impact with Lunar surface Uncrewed Moon Soft Landing Uncrewed (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Crewed Moon Landing and sample return
China National Space Administration CNSA   People's Republic of China 22 April 1993 No Yes Yes Yes No No [19]
Indian Space Research Organisation ISRO
इसरो
  India 15 August 1969 No Yes No No No No [29][30][31]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA   United States 1 October 1958 Yes Yes Yes No No Yes [49]
Soviet space program СССР   Soviet Union ca. 1955 1991 No Yes Yes Yes[88] Yes[89][90] No [91]

Expected and proposed future space agenciesEdit

Space agency Country/Countries Expected date of formation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA   Sri Lanka 2021 Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. [92]
African Space Agency AfSA   African Union 2023 Proposed in 2015. AU plans to launch the agency by 2019 with a proposed headquarter in Cairo, Egypt. Funded by Egypt. See the stamp issued by Egypt on 19 September 2019. [93]·[94]·[95]·[96].[97]
Armenian Space Agency ArmCosmos   Armenia Proposed in 2013 with the goal to launch satellites. Negotiating with the International Telecommunications Union to clear the path for its prospective launch. [98]
Australia-New Zealand Space Agency ANZSA   Australia
  New Zealand
Proposed in 2020, status unknown. [99]
South American Space Agency   South America Proposed in 2011, at progress stage [100]
Caribbean Space Agency   Caribbean Community Proposed in 2017, at progress stage [101]
Cambodian Aeronautics and Space Agency   Cambodia Proposed in 2016, at progress stage [102]
Haiti Space Agency HSA   Haiti Proposed in 2018, at progress stage [103]

BudgetsEdit

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[104][105] Budget could be used for different projects: e.g. GPS is maintained from the US defence budget, whereas ESA's money is used for developing the European Galileo positioning system[citation needed]. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown include also their contributions to ESA.

Budgets of different space agencies.
Agency (country/region) Budget (in millions of US $)
NASA (USA)
22,629
CNSA (China)
11,000
ESA (Europe)
7,430
DLR (Germany)
4,233
CNES (France)
3,024
Roscosmos (Russia)
2,530
ISRO (India)
1,900
ASI (Italy)
1,800
JAXA (Japan)
1,699
KARI (South Korea)
583
UKSA (UK)
500
ISA and ISRC (Iran)
393
ASA (Algeria)
360
CSA (Canada)
246
ISAB (Belgium)
224
INTA (Spain)
211
SSO (Switzerland)
177
NSO (Netherlands)
110
SNSA (Sweden)
100
NOSA (Norway)
97
SSAU (Ukraine)
80
ALR (Austria)
75
AEB (Brazil)
47
CONAE (Argentina)
45
ISA (Israel)
14.5
Country/
region
Agency Budget
(in millions of US $)
Reference Year
  United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration 22,629 [106][107] 2020
  China China National Space Administration 11,000 [108] 2018
European Space Agency 7,430 [109] 2020
  Germany German Aerospace Center 4,233 [110] 2017
  France French Space Agency 3,024 [111] 2020
  Russia Russian Federal Space Agency 2,530 [112] 2020
  India Indian Space Research Organisation 1,900 [113] 2020
  Italy Italian Space Agency 1,800 [114] 2016
  Japan Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 1,699 [115] 2017
  South Korea Korea Aerospace Research Institute 583 [116] 2016
  United Kingdom UK Space Agency 500 [117] 2017
  Iran Iranian Space Agency and Iranian Space Research Center 393 [118] 2018-19
  Algeria Algerian Space Agency 360 [119] 2015
  Canada Canadian Space Agency 246 [120] 2018
  Belgium Interfederal Space Agency of Belgium 224 [121] 2018
  Spain Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial 211 [122] 2018
   Switzerland Swiss Space Office 177 [109] 2019
  Netherlands Netherlands Space Office 110 [123] 2013
  Sweden Swedish National Space Agency 100 [124] 2011
  Norway Norwegian Space Agency 97 [125] 2014
  Ukraine State Space Agency of Ukraine 80 [126]
  Austria Austrian Space Agency 75 [127] 2018
  Poland Polish Space Agency 61.5 [ref] 2019-2021
  Brazil Brazilian Space Agency 47 [128] 2018
  Israel Israel Space Agency 14.5 [129] 2019
  Argentina Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales 45 [130] 2019
  Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission 45 [131][132] 2018-19
  Philippines Philippine Space Agency 38 [133] 2019
  Nigeria National Space Research and Development Agency 32.3 [134] 2019
  South Africa South African National Space Agency 11.8 [135] 2014-15
  Mexico Mexican Space Agency 8.34 [136] 2010
  Australia Australian Space Agency 32 [137][138] 2019
  Turkey Turkish Space Agency 4.3 [139] 2019
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) About 60,482

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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