Sir George Campbell

Sir George Campbell of Cessnock in Ayrshire was a 17th-century statesman.[1] His lineage was from the Campbells of Loudoun. His father was Sir Hugh Campbell and his mother was Elizabeth Campbell.[2]

George Campbell
Titleof Cessnock, Lord Justice Clerk
Bornaround 1639
Cessnock, Ayrshire
arms of Sir George Campbell of Cessnock

He married Anna McMouran, an heiress to an estate in Fife, in 1665.

He was tried along with his father for high treason in March 1684 for being part of the rising at Bothwell Bridge. A not proven verdict was returned but nevertheless he and his father were imprisoned on the Bass Rock on the Firth of Forth in Haddingtonshire.[3][4] The order for his transport from the Tolbooth is dated 15 September 1684. It apparently took about 4 days to put into effect.[5] He was sent at the same time as John Rae but neither he nor Rae were permitted to ride in a coach or on a horse someone provided.[6][7]

In 1685 George and his father were accused of accession to the Rye House Plot. This was a plot for the assassination of Charles II. and the elevation of his illegitimate son, by Lucy Walters, the Duke of Monmouth, to the throne. Although the proof failed, Parliament adjudged them guilty. Their lives were spared, but an act of attainder was taken out against them, by which their lands passed to the Crown and themselves again committed prisoners to the Bass.[8] On 13 June 1685 notice of his forfeiture and that of his father were recorded.[9] Both Campbells were released on 6 August 1685 but later re-arrested.[10]

He was appointed to the posts of Lord Justice Clerk and became one of the Lord of Session in 1665. He was succeeded by his daughter Margaret who married Alexander Hume-Campbell in 1697.[11]


  1. ^ Greaves, Richard L. (2004). "Campbell, Sir George, of Cessnock". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/67392. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ G. Harvey Johnston, The Heraldry of the Campbells, vol. II (1921) p. 59.
  3. ^ M'Crie, Thomas, D.D. the younger (1847). The Bass rock: Its civil and ecclesiastic history. Edinburgh: J. Greig & Son. pp. 371–372. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  4. ^ Wodrow, Robert (1835b). Burns, Robert (ed.). The history of the sufferings of the church of Scotland from the restoration to the revolution, with an original memoir of the author, extracts from his correspondence, and preliminary dissertation. 2. Glasgow: Blackie, Fullarton & co., and Edinburgh: A. Fullarton & co.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  5. ^ Fairley, John A (1916). The book of the Old Edinburgh Club (Vol. 9 ed.). Edinburgh: The Club. p. 155. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  6. ^ Erskine, John; Macleod, Walter (1893). Journal of the Hon. John Erskine of Carnock, 1683-1687. Edinburgh: Printed at University press by T. and A. Constable for the Scottish history society. p. 84. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  7. ^ Paton, Henry, ed. (1929). The Register of the Privy Council of Scotland. 9 (The Register Of The Privy Council Of Scotland Edited And Abridged By Henry Paton, M.A., With An Introduction By Robert Kerr Hannay, Ll.D., Fraser Professor Of Scottish History And Palaeography In The University Of Edinburgh. Third Series, Vol. IX. A.D. 1685–1686. ed.). Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House. pp. 175–178. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  8. ^ Dickson, John (1899). Emeralds chased in Gold; or, the Islands of the Forth: their story, ancient and modern. [With illustrations.]. Edinburgh and London: Oliphant, Anderson & Ferrier. pp. 204–205. Retrieved 3 March 2019.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ Brown, K.M. et al eds. Decreet of forfeiture against Sir Hugh and Sir George Campbell of Cessnock (James VII: Translation > 1685, 23 April, Edinburgh, Parliament > Additional Sources > 13 June 1685 ed.). The Records of the Parliaments of Scotland to 1707, (St Andrews, 2007-2019). Retrieved 11 February 2019.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Laing, David (1848). Historical Notices of Scotish Affairs: Selected from the Manuscripts of Sir John Lauder of Fountainhall. 2. Edinburgh: T. Constable, printer to Her Majesty. p. 660. Retrieved 17 April 2019.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  11. ^ "Sir George Campbell, of Cessnock, Lord Justice Clerk Male - 1704". Clan MacFarlane and associated clans genealogy. Retrieved 11 February 2019.