Second Rockingham ministry

This is a list of the principal holders of government office during the second premiership of the Marquess of Rockingham for four months in 1782.

Second Rockingham ministry
March–July 1782
2nd Marquess of Rockingham (cropped).png
Rockingham (after Joshua Reynolds)
Date formed27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)
Date dissolved1 July 1782 (1782-07-01)
People and organisations
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterLord Rockingham
Total no. of members16 appointments
Member partyRockingham Whigs
Status in legislatureMajority
Opposition partyGrenvillites
History
Legislature term(s)15th GB Parliament
PredecessorNorth ministry
SuccessorShelburne ministry

The North ministry resigned on 22 March 1782 after losing the confidence of Parliament following the British defeat at the Siege of Yorktown during the American War of Independence. Whig Lord Rockingham, Prime Minister from 1765 to 1766, formed a government. The Rockingham Whigs had generally been sympathetic to the cause of the Colonists and under Rockingham the British government began the negotiations leading to the Peace of Paris that concluded the war.

The death of Rockingham on 1 July 1782 caused a split in the ministry. Home Secretary Lord Shelburne was appointed to succeed him but several members of the government refused to serve under him and resigned. These "Portland Whigs" (named after their nominal leader, the Duke of Portland, but in reality led by Charles James Fox) allied in opposition with Lord North and brought down the Shelburne ministry in 1783, coming to power as the Fox–North coalition.

CabinetEdit

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office
The Marquess of Rockingham*27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)1 July 1782 (1782-07-01)
Lord ChancellorThe Lord Thurlow3 June 1778 (1778-06-03)7 April 1783 (1783-04-07)
Lord President of the CouncilThe Lord Camden27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)2 April 1783 (1783-04-02)
Lord Privy SealThe Duke of Grafton1782 (1782)1783 (1783)
Chancellor of the ExchequerLord John Cavendish27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)10 July 1782 (1782-07-10)
Secretary of State for the Home DepartmentThe Earl of Shelburne27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)10 July 1782 (1782-07-10)
Charles James Fox27 March 1782 (1782-03-27)5 July 1782 (1782-07-05)
First Lord of the AdmiraltyThe Viscount Keppel1782 (1782)1783 (1783)
Chancellor of the Duchy of LancasterThe Lord Ashburton17 April 1782 (1782-04-17)29 August 1783 (1783-08-29)
Master-General of the OrdnanceThe Duke of Richmond1782 (1782)1783 (1783)

Ministers not in CabinetEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (1980). British Historical Facts: 1760–1830. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 978-0-333-21512-8.
Preceded by
North ministry
Government of Great Britain
1782
Succeeded by
Shelburne ministry