Romek Marber (25 November 1925 – 30 March 2020) was a Polish-born British graphic designer and academic noted for his work illustrating the covers of Penguin Books. He retired in 1989, becoming a Professor Emeritus of Middlesex University.
|Born||November 25, 1925|
|Died||March 30, 2020(aged 94)|
|Known for||Illustration, Design|
|Penguin Books Crime Series Covers; The Economist Covers|
Marber was born in Turek, Poland on 25 November 1925. In 1939, he was deported to the Bochnia ghetto. In 1942, he was saved from being sent to the Belzec death camp by Sergeant Gerhard Kurzbach, the commander of the forced-labour workshop in Bochnia, credited with saving a large number of Jews during World War II and later recognized as a Righteous Among the Nations.
Marber eventually arrived in Britain in 1946, where he was reunited with his father and brother. He applied for an education grant from ‘The Committee for the Education of Poles in Great Britain’, which had been established in the 1940s to support Polish servicemen and their families displaced by World War II), to study painting. However, he was advised by a member of the committee to apply for a course in Commercial Art, which he enrolled upon at St. Martin’s School of Art in the early 1950s, and is where he met his wife, Sheila Perry (1928-1989), also a graphic designer who he married in 1958. About his time as a student, Marber notes that he “spent time drawing and I regarded it as an exercise in observation, a visual note book.” He attended the Royal College of Art in 1953.
During the late 1950s, Marber worked on a number of projects, including covers for The Economist. He states that “the newsprint paper and the coarseness of the halftone printed by letterpress [of the Economist] suited the boldness of my work… Black with red is simple and dramatic.” When describing the process of designing the covers, Marber recalls the prolonged wait for editorial decisions to be made, and enjoying the speed of the illustration process.
In 1961, impressed by Marber’s covers for The Economist, Germano Facetti commissioned Marber to design covers for Simeon Potter's Our Language and Language in the Modern World. For the cover of Our Language, Marber recalls that he was “trying to convey that the language is English and evolving.”
The 'Marber Grid'Edit
Soon after these initial designs, Germano Facetti (art director at Penguin from 1960 to 1972) asked Marber to submit a proposal for a new cover approach for the Penguin Crime series He was asked to do twenty titles in four months between June and October. Marber chose to retain the green colour for the series, though he used a 'fresher' shade. He also kept the horizontal banding of the previous Edward Young designs. The image on Marber's covers occupies just over two-thirds of the space, while the title section at the top is divided into three bands carrying colophon/series name/price, the title and the author's name, with the type ranged left. The design was seen as so successful that Facetti adopted it, essentially unchanged, for both the blue Pelican and orange literature covers.
Penguin books eventually decided that books in a series by the same author should have their own individual pictorial identification. Marber edited his original designs for Dorothy L. Sayers books by adding a small white figure, which he included in different postures on each cover. Marber became tired of designing crime fiction book covers. After taking a hiatus for a few years, he was asked to design the covers for six Angus Wilson novels. Penguin books had a new 'house style', where the 'Penguin' logo had to be placed in the top right hand corner of the cover.
Retrospective Exhibition: GraphicsEdit
In 2013, The Minories, Colchester exhibited a retrospective of some of the graphic work designed by Marber for Penguin Books, The Economist, New Society, Town and Queen magazines, Nicholson’s London Guides, BBC Television, Columbia Pictures, the London Planetarium and others. It included enlarged versions of many of his book cover designs along with drawings and sketches documenting the Marber Grid, original spreads from magazines and original books. The exhibition went on to be shown at the University of Brighton and the Galicia Jewish Museum in Krakow.
Marber lived in Stisted, outside of Braintree, Essex and died there on March 30, 2020. He is survived by his long term partner, graphic designer Orna Frommer Dawson. He lost his belief in God as a teenager.
In 2010 Marber published an autobiography of his experiences during World War Two: No Return: Journeys in the Holocaust (Richard Hollis; 1st edition, 2010).
- "Romek Marber - Graphics". www.polishculture.org.uk. 31 August 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- "Romek Marber (1925–2020)". Galicia Jewish Museum. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
- Bruce Brown (20 April 2020). "Romek Marber obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
- Ofer Aderet (30 November 2012). "Yad Vashem archives rediscover heroic rescue". Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Mark Sinclair (10 September 2013). "Romek Marber: Graphics". Creative Review blog. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- "EDUCATION OF POLES IN EXILE DURING AND AFTER WW2". polishresettlementcampsintheuk.co.uk.
- "Committee for the Education of Poles in Great Britain". Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- Mark Sinclair (29 September 2009). "Penguin by Illustrators: Romek Marber". Creative Review. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- "Remembering Romek Marber, a master visual craftsman". The Economist. 2 May 2020. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
- John Walters. "The Case of Romek Marber". Eye. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- Bruce Brown (20 April 2020). "Romek Marber Obituary". The Guardian.
- "A Brief History of the 'Marber Grid' – The layout that changed book covers forever". thebookdesignblog.com. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Rick Poynor (Autumn 2004). "Romek Marber: the émigré designer who changed British design forever with a grid". Eye Magazine. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
- "Romek Marber: the émigré designer who changed British design forever with a grid". Typeroom. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
- Joanna Ciechanowska (September 2013). "Moving World of Romek Marber" (PDF). Nowy Csas.
- "The Romek Marber story". www.brighton.ac.uk.
- "Exhibition opening - Romek Marber". Galicia Jewish Museum.
- Marber, Romek. No Return: Journeys in the Holocaust. Richard Hollis. ISBN 1905512740.
A sixteen-page article in the magazine Typographica by Herbert Spencer in 1962 traced the history of Penguin cover design, but neglected to mention Marber's input, prompting Facetti to ask Spencer for a correction of this oversight in the next issue. Duly a two-page correction lauding Marber appeared in Typographica 6.