The Utah Portal
Utah ( YOO-tah, YOO-taw) is a state in the western United States. It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Of the fifty U.S. states, Utah is the 13th-largest by area, and with a population over three million, the 30th-most-populous and 11th-least-densely populated. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which is home to roughly two-thirds of the population, and Washington County in the south, with more than 170,000 residents. Most of the western half of Utah lies in the Great Basin.
The territory of modern Utah has been inhabited by various indigenous groups for thousands of years, including the ancient Puebloans, the Navajo, and the Ute. The Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive in the mid-16th century, though the region's difficult geography and climate made it a peripheral part of New Spain and later Mexico. Even while it was part of Mexico, many of Utah's earliest settlers were American, particularly Mormons fleeing marginalization and persecution from the United States. Following the Mexican-American War, it became part of the Utah Territory, which included what is now Colorado and Nevada. Disputes between the dominant Mormon community and the federal government delayed Utah's admission as a state; only after the outlawing of polygamy was it admitted as the 45th, in 1896.
A little more than half of all Utahns are Mormons, the vast majority of whom are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which has its world headquarters in Salt Lake City. Utah is the only state where most of the population belongs to a single church. The LDS Church greatly influences Utahn culture, politics, and daily life, though since the 1990s the state has become more religiously diverse as well as secular. (Full article...)
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U.S. Route 491 (US 491) is a north–south U.S. Highway serving the Four Corners region of the United States. One of the newest designations in the U.S. Highway System, it was created in 2003 as a renumbering of U.S. Route 666 (US 666). With the 666 designation, this road was nicknamed the "Devil's Highway" because of the significance of the number 666 to many Christian denominations, which believe it to be the Number of the Beast. This Satanic connotation, combined with a high fatality rate along the New Mexico portion, convinced some people the highway was cursed. The problem was compounded by persistent sign theft. These factors led to two efforts to renumber the highway, first by officials in Arizona, later in New Mexico. There have been safety improvement projects in recent years, and fatality rates have subsequently decreased.
The highway, now a spur route of US 91
via its connection to US 191
, runs through Colorado
, New Mexico, and Utah
, as well as the tribal nations of the Navajo Nation
and Ute Mountain Ute Tribe
. The highway passes by two mountains considered sacred by Native Americans: Ute Mountain
and an extinct volcanic core named Shiprock
. Other features along the route include Mesa Verde National Park
and Dove Creek
, Colorado, the self-proclaimed pinto-bean capital of the world. (Full article...
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The Utah War
(1857–1858), also known as the Utah Expedition
, Utah Campaign
, Buchanan's Blunder
, the Mormon War
, or the Mormon Rebellion
was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers
in the Utah Territory
and the armed forces of the United States government
. The confrontation lasted from May 1857 to July 1858. There were some casualties, mostly non-Mormon civilians. The war had no notable military battles. (Full article...
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Moab, Utah, from the northern canyon walls that surround it.
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The following are images from various Utah-related articles on Wikipedia.
The Wasatch Front region has seen large growth and development despite the economic downturn. Shown is the City Creek Center project, a development in downtown Salt Lake City with a price tag of $1.5–2.5 billion.
Mining has been a large industry in Utah since it was first settled. The Bingham Canyon Mine in Salt Lake County is one of the largest open pit mines in the world.
Utah population density map
Children reading in Santa Clara, Utah, in 1940
A sketch of Salt Lake City in 1860
The boundaries of the provisional State of Deseret—as proposed in 1849—are shown with a dotted line. The Utah Territory as organized in 1850, is shown in blue with black outline.
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico. From Britannica 7th edition.
The Utah Jazz playing against the Houston Rockets
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico, Britannica 7th edition
One out of every 14 flash memory chips in the world is produced in Lehi, Utah.
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme Court.
- Nickname: The Beehive State
- Capital and largest city: Salt Lake City
- Total area: 219,887 km2 (84,899 sq mi)
- Population (2010 Census): 2,736,424
- Date admitted to the Union: January 4, 1896
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Coordinates: 39°18′N 111°36′W / 39.3°N 111.6°W