Poonch district, India

Poonch or Punch is a district in Jammu and Kashmir, India. With headquarters the town of Poonch, it is bounded by the Line of Control (boundary between Indian and Pakistan administered Kashmir) on three sides (north, west and south). The 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan divided the earlier district into two parts. One went to Pakistan and the other became part of the then Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Poonch district
Location of Poonch district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Poonch district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 33°46′N 74°06′E / 33.77°N 74.1°E / 33.77; 74.1Coordinates: 33°46′N 74°06′E / 33.77°N 74.1°E / 33.77; 74.1
CountryIndia
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DivisionJammu Division
HeadquartersPoonch
Tehsils[1]1. Balakote, 2. Haveli, 3. Mandi, 4. Mankote, 5. Mendhar, 6. Surankote
Area
 • Total1,674 km2 (646 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total476,835
 • Density280/km2 (740/sq mi)
 • Urban
8.1%
Demographics
 • Literacy66.74%
 • Sex ratio893
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK-12
Websitehttp://poonch.nic.in/

AdministrationEdit

Poonch district tehsils

The District headquarters is in the Poonch city. Rahul Yadav is the current District Commissioner. Presently District Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir is divided into six tehsils:

Each tehsil has its Tehsildar, who is the administrative head. The district is further divided into eleven. blocks: Poonch, Mandi, Loran Sathra Mendhar, Mankote Balakote, Surankote and Buffliaz.[2] The administrative head of each block is the Block Development Officer (BDO). Each block consists of a number of panchayats. Recently added One Sub Division(Surnkote), other is Mendhar. Poonch district has a total of 179 villages including Seri Khawaja.

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Poonch one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the three districts in Jammu and Kashmir currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

PoliticsEdit

Poonch District has 3 assembly constituencies: Surankote, Mendhar and Poonch Haveli. On 19 November 2018, the assembly was dissolved by governor Satya pal Malik. The former M.L.A of Poonch Haveli is Shah Mohammed Tantray of Jammu & Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party, Mohammed Akram of Indian National Congress is currently representing Surankote constituency and Mendhar is being represented by Javid Rana of Jammu & Kashmir National Conference. Poonch district comes in Jammu-Poonch Lok Sabha Constituency.[4]

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Poonch district (2011)[5]

  Islam (90.45%)
  Hinduism (6.84%)
  Sikhism (2.35%)
  Christianity (0.20%)
  Other (0.02%)
  Not stated (0.15%)

Poonch district, India: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[6]

  Gojri (39.15%)
  Hindi (1.86%)
  Pahari (50.21%)
  Kashmiri (5.37%)
  Gujari (1.24%)
  Others (2.17%)

According to the 2011 census Poonch district, India has a population of 476,835,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Suriname.[7] This gives it a ranking of 548th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 285 inhabitants per square kilometre (740/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.97%. Poonch has a sex ratio of 890 females for every 1000 males (which varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 68.69%. The district is 90.45% Muslim.[citation needed]

Sex Ratio in Poonch District in 2011 Census.[5]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 431,279)
955
Hindu (pop 32,604)
377
Sikh (pop 11,188)
722
Other (pop 1,764)
630
Total (pop 476,835)
893
Poonch district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[5]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 32,604 431,279 958 11,188 83 10 2 711 476,835
6.84% 90.45% 0.20% 2.35% 0.02% 0.00% 0.00% 0.15% 100.00%
Male 23,684 220,636 614 6,497 76 5 1 386 251,899
Female 8,920 210,643 344 4,691 7 5 1 325 224,936
Gender ratio (% female) 27.4% 48.8% 35.9% 41.9% 8.4% 50.0% 50.0% 45.7% 47.2%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
377 955 560 722 842 893
Urban 12,677 19,848 371 5,647 8 3 0 76 38,630
Rural 19,927 411,431 587 5,541 75 7 2 635 438,205
% Urban 38.9% 4.6% 38.7% 50.5% 9.6% 30.0% 0.0% 10.7% 8.1%

Resident ethnicities include Gujjars, Bakerwals, Jatts , Paharis, Punjabis, Kashmiris and Rajputs. Gujjars mostly reside on the slopes of mountains. The inhabitants typically cultivate small plots of land, and own some cattle. Gujjars and Bakerwals (nomadic tribes) speak Gojri, apart from Kashmiris the rest of the population speak Pahari-Pothwari (Poonchi) and only a minuscule population may be speaking Dogri.[8][9]

Poonch district, India: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[6]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 118 0.02%
002007 Bengali 510 0.11%
004001 Dogri 443 0.09%
005018 Gujarati 295 0.06%
006096 Bharmauri/Gaddi 79 0.02%
006102 Bhojpuri 407 0.09%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 62 0.01%
006195 Garhwali 44 0.01%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 186,658 39.15%
006235 Haryanvi 44 0.01%
006240 Hindi 8,858 1.86%
006340 Kumauni 41 0.01%
006439 Pahari 239,402 50.21%
006489 Rajasthani 89 0.02%
006503 Sadan/Sadri 41 0.01%
007016 Kannada 412 0.09%
008005 Kashmiri 25,595 5.37%
011016 Malayalam 494 0.10%
013071 Marathi 1,546 0.32%
014011 Nepali 840 0.18%
015043 Odia 219 0.05%
016038 Punjabi 1,999 0.42%
018040 Santali 24 0.01%
020027 Tamil 722 0.15%
021046 Telugu 593 0.12%
022015 Urdu 434 0.09%
053005 Gujari 5,892 1.24%
072024 Kurukh/Oraon 94 0.02%
115011 Purkhi 27 0.01%
Others 853 0.18%
Total 476,835 100.00%

ReligionEdit

As of  2011 the religions followed in the district were: Islam (90.45%), Hinduism (6.84%), Sikhism (2.35%), Christianity (0.20%) and small numbers of Buddhists, Jains, and others.[citation needed]

PeaceEdit

With the recent developments between India and Pakistan, the divided people are again coming into contact with each other. The opening of the Poonch-Rawalakot bus is an important step in this direction.

TransportEdit

AirEdit

There is a small airstrip located which is mainly used by the Indian Army.

RailEdit

There is no railway connectivity to Poonch yet.

RoadEdit

Poonch district is connected to the summer capital Jammu by an all-weather road. It also has road connectivity with Srinagar through the pictureresque Mughal Road. A bus across the LOC, the Poonch-Rawalakot bus has helped to re-establish ties across the border.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://poonch.nic.in/tehsil/
  2. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts Archived 2008-09-10 at the Wayback Machine dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  5. ^ a b c d C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Suriname 491,989 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "Dogri". Ethnologue.
  9. ^ Baba, Yasar Muhammad (2007). My land my people: Kashmir in perspective. Gulshan Books. p. 85. ISBN 9788183390705.

External linksEdit