Poole (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Poole in Dorset
Location of Dorset within England
|Electorate||72,773 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Robert Syms (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||East Dorset|
|Number of members||Two (1455–1868), One (1868–1885)|
|Replaced by||East Dorset|
The name Poole stems from the city of -""Blackpool""- where the concept was founded. It is unknown for how long Poole has been going on, but historical experts say it is at least 5,000 years
The first version of the Poole constituency existed from 1455 until 1885. During this period its exact status was a parliamentary borough, sending two burgesses to Westminster per year, except during its last 17 years when its representation was reduced to one member.
During its abeyance most of Poole was in the East Dorset seat and since its recreation in 1950 its area has been reduced as the harbour town's population has increased.
1950–1983: The Municipal Borough of Poole.
1983–1997: The Borough of Poole wards of Broadstone, Canford Cliffs, Canford Heath, Creekmoor, Hamworthy, Harbour, Newtown, Oakdale, Parkstone, and Penn Hill.
1997–2010: The Borough of Poole wards of Bourne Valley, Canford Cliffs, Hamworthy, Harbour, Newtown, Oakdale, Parkstone, and Penn Hill.
2010–present: The Borough of Poole wards of Branksome West, Canford Cliffs, Creekmoor, Hamworthy East, Hamworthy West, Newtown, Oakdale, Parkstone, Penn Hill, and Poole Town.
The borough is an economically very diverse borough. In the centre and north are a significant minority of Output Areas which in 2001 had high rankings in the Index of Multiple Deprivation, contributing in 2012 with the remainder to producing for Poole the highest unemployment of the constituencies in the county. However, Canford Cliffs is epitomised by one sub-neighbourhood, Sandbanks with its multimillion-pound properties, the coastline area has been dubbed as "Britain's Palm Beach" by the national media. Alongside oil extraction, insurance, care, retail and customer service industries choosing the town as their base tourism contributes to overall a higher income than the national average, however the divergence is not statistically significant and the size of homes varies extensively.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- Borough established 1455, returning two members
|May 1874 by-election||Hon. Evelyn Ashley||Liberal|
|1884 by-election||William James Harris||Conservative|
MPs since 1950Edit
|1964||Oscar Murton||Conservative||Chairman of Ways and Means 1976–79|
|1997||Sir Robert Syms||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Sue Aitkenhead||10,483||20.7||8.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Victoria Collins||7,819||15.5||6.6|
|Independent||David Young[n 3]||848||1.7||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Mike Plummer||4,433||8.9||2.9|
|Demos Direct Initiative||Marty Caine||551||1.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Philip Eades||5,572||11.8||19.8|
|Poole People||Mark Howell||1,766||3.7||3.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Phillip Eades||14,991||31.6||2.5|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Mike Plummer||11,583||28.6||+3.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Westbrook||10,011||25.5||−5.3|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Alan Tetlow||14,428||30.82|
|Labour||Haydn R White||10,100||21.58|
|Natural Law||Jennifer Rosta||137||0.29|
|Liberal Democrats||BR Clements||20,614||32.8||+0.2|
|Labour||Haydn R White||6,912||11.0||+1.1|
|Ind. Conservative||M Steen||1,620||2.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||AL Bailey||303||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Servicemen & Citizen Association||A Foster||177||0.34|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||Ian S Campbell||17,610||30.07|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||David A Sutton||19,630||36.71|
|Liberal||Brian S Sherriff||8,394||15.70|
|Liberal||Herbert Charles Richard Ballam||12,234||23.16|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Liberal||John C Holland||8,735||17.12|
|Labour||Frederick Charles Reeves||17,032||34.49|
|Liberal||John C Holland||5,750||11.65|
|Labour||Leonard Joseph Matchan||18,346||36.42|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||William James Harris||877||51.8||+1.6|
|Liberal||Thomas Chatfield Clarke||815||48.2||−1.6|
- Caused by Schreiber's death.
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+5.1|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
- Caused by the election being declared void on petition, after "corrupt conduct and treating".
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.4|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+26.5|
- Seat reduced to one member.
|Liberal||Henry Danby Seymour||258||37.7||+2.2|
|Turnout||431 (est)||82.7 (est)||+14.7|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+8.1|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Conservative||George Woodroffe Franklyn||208||38.2||+0.2|
|Liberal||Henry Danby Seymour||193||35.5||−6.9|
|Liberal||William Taylor Haly||143||26.3||+6.6|
|Turnout||376 (est)||68.0 (est)||+21.8|
|Whig||Henry Danby Seymour||211||42.4||N/A|
|Conservative||George Woodroffe Franklyn||189||38.0||N/A|
|Radical||William Taylor Haly||98||19.7||N/A|
|Turnout||249 (est)||46.2 (est)|
|Whig||Henry Danby Seymour||Unopposed|
|Conservative||George Woodroffe Franklyn||Unopposed|
|Conservative gain from Peelite|
|Whig||Henry Danby Seymour||187||52.8||−6.4|
|Whig gain from Peelite||Swing||−10.0|
- Caused by Robinson's death.
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Peelite||George Richard Robinson||240||33.6||+3.6|
|Whig||Edward John Hutchins||203||28.4||−8.2|
|Radical||Montague Merryweather Turner||52||7.3||N/A|
|Turnout||358 (est)||68.5 (est)||−18.9|
|Peelite gain from Whig||Swing||+7.2|
|Conservative||George Pitt Rose||189||30.0||−16.4|
|Turnout||410 (est)||87.4 (est)||c. +9.3|
Elections in the 1830sEdit
- Caused by John Byng's elevation to the peerage, becoming 1st Earl of Strafford
|Whig||Charles Augustus Tulk||199||33.5||+7.2|
|Turnout||c. 297||c. 66.0||c. −21.4|
|Whig||Benjamin Lester Lester||284||44.5|
|Whig||Charles Augustus Tulk||168||26.3|
|Whig||Charles Augustus Tulk||42||43.3|
|Registered electors||c. 160|
- Caused by Ponsonby's resignation
|Whig||Benjamin Lester Lester||Unopposed|
|Registered electors||c. 160|
|Whig||Benjamin Lester Lester||Unopposed|
|Registered electors||c. 160|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every 5 years.
- Having stood for UKIP in 2015 Dr David Young was in September 2019 adopted to be the Brexit Party candidate. Following that party's withdrawal of all its candidates in seats held by the Conservatives he decided to stand as an Independent.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- Morris, Steven. "£3m for modest bungalow needing TLC", The Guardian 2 November 2005.
- "2011 census interactive maps". Archived from the original on 29 January 2016.
- "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P" (part 2)
- Browne Willis and Cobbett both list Cooper as Poole's MP. Cooper was also elected for Wiltshire, and seems to have been regarded as its Member, but there appears no record of another Member having been elected for Poole in his place
- Cobbett again lists Cooper (elected for Wiltshire) as Poole's MP together with Bond, but Browne Willis gives Fitzjames as the second member
- Succeeded to baronetcy, February 1662
- Expelled from the House of Commons, 15 February 1711, for "great Frauds and Abuses in his Contract for furnishing the Navy with Beer"
- Expelled from the House of Commons, 30 March 1732, for his role in the fraudulent sale of the Earl of Derwentwater's estate
- Major-General from 1758
- On petition, Stuart was declared not to have been duly elected and his opponent, Taylor, was declared elected in his place
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 89–90. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Hall, Catherine; Draper, Nicholas; McClelland, Keith; Donington, Katie; Lang, Rachel (2014). "Appendix 4: MPs 1832–80 in the compensation records". Legacies of British Slave-ownership: Colonial Slavery and the Formation of Victorian Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 290. ISBN 978-1-107-04005-2. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Dod, Charles Roger (1843). "House of Commons". The Parliamentary Companion, Volume 11. London: Whitaker & Company. pp. 133, 222. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Mosse, Richard Bartholomew (1838). "House of Commons". The Parliamentary Guide: a concise history of the Members of both Houses, etc. pp. 148, 205–206. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Gash, Norman (2013). Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation, 1830–1850. Faber & Faber. p. 330. ISBN 9780571302901. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. pp. 46, 182, 185.
- "Ireland". John Bull. 22 March 1851. p. 11. Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Ireland". London Daily News. 20 March 1851. p. 6. Retrieved 30 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Farrell, Stephen (2009). "PHILIPS, George Richard (1789–1883), of 12 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- "The Poole Election". John Bull. 28 September 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 30 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. p. 133.
- "SOPN" (PDF).
- "Apology for unknowing selection of former UKIP activist who lied about his CV as Green candidate in Poole". Green Party. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- The Green Party distanced themselves from this former UKIP activist after it emerged that he had lied on his CV, including a claim of being elected as a front bench senator in the upper house of the Parliament of Malta, an institution that was abolished in 1933.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
- "Green Party to field candidates in every constituency in Dorset for the first time". Bournemouth Echo.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 April 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Poole". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 244–245. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Election Intelligence: Poole". Reading Mercury. 19 April 1884. p. 5. Retrieved 21 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Poole Election". Western Morning News. 14 May 1874. p. 3. Retrieved 17 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Poole". Salisbury and Winchester Journal. 8 July 1865. p. 6. Retrieved 16 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Dorset Election". Dorset County Chronicle. 2 April 1857. pp. 13–14. Retrieved 30 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Howe, Anthony; Morgan, Simon; Bannerman, Gordon, eds. (2010). The Letters of Richard Cobden: Volume II ~ 1848-1853. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-19-921196-8. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- "Salisbury and Winchester Journal". 28 September 1850. p. 4. Retrieved 30 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election". Globe. 2 July 1847. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 27 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Poole, Saturday, July 31". Hampshire Advertiser. 31 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 27 November 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Salmon, Philip; Spencer, Howard (2009). Fisher, D. R. (ed.). "ROSE, George Pitt (1797-1851), of Upper Kensington Grove, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
- Farrell, Stephen. "Poole". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847, Volume 1 (London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co, 1844)