List of anarchist communities

The Trumbullplex, an anarchist intentional community in the Woodbridge neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan[1]

This is a list of anarchist communities representing any society or portion thereof founded by anarchists that functions according to anarchist philosophy and principles. Anarchists have been involved in a wide variety of community experiments since the 19th century. There are numerous instances in which a community organizes itself along philosophically anarchist lines to promote regional anarchist movements, counter-economics and countercultures. These have included intentional communities founded by anarchists as social experiments and community oriented projects, such as collective organizations and cooperative businesses. There are also several instances of mass society "anarchies" that have come about from explicitly anarchist revolutions, including Collinsville Oklahoma[citation needed] and the Free Territory of Ukraine[2] and the Shinmin autonomous region in Manchuria.[3]

Mass societiesEdit

 
The Free Territory was a region where an attempt was made to form a stateless, anarchist society and its approximated location (in red) was in part of the territory of modern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence[2]
 
Map of the territory administered by the Regional Defence Council of Aragon (in red) within Republican Spain (in pink), during the Spanish Revolution
 
The Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities are territories controlled by the Neo-zapatista support bases in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[4]
 
Rojava is an autonomous libertarian socialist federated semi-direct democracy in North and East Syria, claiming to be a model for a federalized Syria as a whole, rather than outright independence.

Active societiesEdit

Society Since Duration Ideology Ref.
Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement 1958 61 years, 283 days Buddhism, Gandhism [5]
Exarcheia 1973 (November 14) 46 years, 274 days Anarchism, Socialism [6][7]
  Federation of Neighborhood Councils-El Alto 1979 (November 16) 40 years, 272 days Direct Democracy, Indigenismo [8]
  Marinaleda 1979 (April 3) 41 years, 133 days Libertarian communism [9]
  Popular Indigenous Council of Oaxaca "Ricardo Flores Magón" 1980s 33 years, 258 days Indigenismo, Magonism [10]
  Puerto Real 1987 32 years, 274 days Anarcho-syndicalism [11]
Spezzano Albanese 1992 28 years, 130 days Libertarian socialism [12]
  Rebel Zapatista Autonomous Municipalities 1994 (January 1) 26 years, 226 days Neozapatismo [13]
  Barcelona's Squatters Movement 2000 20 years, 155 days Anarchism, Autonomism [14]
  Barbacha 2001 (April 20) 19 years, 116 days Berberism, Kabylism [15]
  Abahlali baseMjondolo 2005 (March 19) 15 years, 148 days Anarchism, Autonomism [8]
  Villa de Zaachila 2006 (June 14) 14 years, 61 days Indigenismo, Magonism [10]
  Zone to Defend 2009 (August 3) 11 years, 11 days Green anarchism [16]
Cherán 2011 (April 15) 9 years, 121 days Direct Democracy, Indigenismo [17]
  Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria 2012 (July 19) 8 years, 26 days Democratic Confederalism [18][19]

Past societiesEdit

Society From Until Duration Ideology Ref.
  Essenes 150 BCE 66 CE 216 years, 0 days Judaism [20]
  Yellow Turban Rebellion February 184 205 20 years, 335 days Way of the Taiping [21]
  Kharijite Rebellions 28 July 657 March 896 238 years, 217 days Kharijism [22]
  Frisian freedom 800 1523 722 years, 307 days Antifeudalism [8]
  Icelandic Commonwealth 930 1262 332 years, 182 days Direct Democracy [23]
  Peasants' Revolt 30 May 1381 November 1381 168 days Antifeudalism [24]
  Taborites 25 March 1420 1452 32 years, 217 days Radical Hussitism [25]
  Republic of Cospaia 29 June 1440 5 May 1826 385 years, 310 days Republicanism [26]
  German Peasants' Revolt 1524 September 1525 1 year, 14 days Radical Reformism [24]
  Münster rebellion February 1534 24 June 1535 1 year, 136 days Anabaptism [24]
  Golden Age of Piracy October 1650 12 July 1726 75 years, 288 days Piracy [27]
  South Carolina Commune 4 February 1868 10 March 1874 6 years, 34 days Civil rights [28]
  Paris Commune 18 March 1871 28 May 1871 71 days Revolutionary socialism [29]
  Cantonal rebellion 12 July 1873 12 January 1874 184 days Cantonalism, Mutualism [30]
  Strandzha Commune 18 August 1903 8 September 1903 21 days Anarcho-communism [31]
  Baja Rebellion 29 January 1911 22 June 1911 144 days Magonism [32]
  Morelos Commune 1913 1917 4 years, 87 days Zapatismo [33][34]
  Soviet Republic of Naissaar 17 December 1917 26 February 1918 71 days Anarcho-syndicalism [35]
  Odessa Soviet Republic 17 January 1918 13 March 1918 55 days Revolutionary Socialism [36]
  Free Territory 27 November 1918 28 August 1921 2 years, 274 days Anarcho-communism, Platformism [2]
  Bremen Soviet Republic 10 January 1919 4 February 1919 25 days Revolutionary Socialism [37]
  Bavarian Soviet Republic 12 April 1919 3 May 1919 21 days Revolutionary Socialism [38][39]
  Limerick Soviet 15 April 1919 27 April 1919 12 days Revolutionary Socialism [40]
  Patagonia Rebelde August 1920 February 1922 1 year, 184 days Anarcho-syndicalism [41][42]
  Tambov Rebellion 19 August 1920 12 June 1921 297 days Agrarian socialism [43]
  Kronstadt Rebellion 7 March 1921 17 March 1921 10 days Anarcho-syndicalism [44]
  Guangzhou City Commune 2 April 1921 13 December 1927 6 years, 255 days Anarchism [45]
  Shinmin Prefecture August 1929 September 1931 2 years, 46 days Anarcho-communism [46]
  Revolutionary Catalonia 21 July 1936 10 February 1939 2 years, 204 days Anarcho-syndicalism [47]
  Sovereign Council of Asturias and León 6 September 1936 21 October 1937 1 year, 45 days Libertarian socialism [48]
  Regional Defence Council of Aragon 6 October 1936 11 August 1937 309 days Anarcho-communism [47]
  People's Republic of Korea 12 September 1945 8 February 1946 149 days Direct Democracy [49]
  Saigon Commune 23 September 1945 13 January 1946 112 days Anti-imperialism [50]
  Shanghai People's Commune 5 January 1967 24 February 1967 50 days Revolutionary Socialism [51]
  Argentinian Horizontalidad 13 December 2001 25 May 2003 1 year, 163 days Autonomism, Participatory Economics [52]
  Oaxaca City 14 June 2006 27 November 2006 166 days Direct Democracy, Magonism [10]
  Symphony Way February 2008 19 October 2009 1 year, 242 days Anti-authoritarianism [8]
  15M Movement 15 May 2011 11 April 2015 3 years, 331 days Anti-austerity, Direct Democracy [53]
  Gezi Park Commune 27 May 2013 20 August 2013 85 days Anti-authoritarianism [53]

Indigenous societiesEdit

Society Provisioning system Homeland Ref.
  Aboriginal Australians Various Australia [54]
  Amazigh Agricultural Maghreb [54]
  Andamanese Hunter-gatherer Andaman Islands [55]
Anga Horticultural Jos Plateau [56]
  Anuak Horticultural Anuak Zone, Gambela [54]
Bassa Subsistence agriculture Bassaland [56]
Berom Subsistence agriculture Jos Plateau [56]
Birifor Volta [56]
Bobo Subsistence agriculture Bobo-Dioulasso [56]
  Cherokee Hunter-gatherer Cherokee Nation [57]
Croatan Subsistence agriculture Croatan Sound [58]
Dan Agricultural Man [56]
Dayak Agricultural Borneo [54]
Dogon Subsistence agriculture Dogon country [56]
  Ekoi Horticultural Ekoi land [56]
Gagu[page needed] Pastoral agriculture [56]
  Grebo Grebo land [56]
  Hopi Agricultural Hopi Nation [59]
  Ibibio Horticultural Akwa Ibom [56]
Idoma Hunter-gatherer Benue [56]
Ifugao Horticultural Ifugao [54]
  Igbo Horticultural Igboland [60][56]
  Ijaw Horticultural Niger Delta [56]
  Inuit Hunter-gatherer Arctic [54]
Kissi Subsistence agriculture Guinea Highlands [56]
Konkomba Horticultural Northern Ghana [54][56]
  Kru Fishing Grand Kru County [56]
Kusasi Kasaug Traditional Area [56]
Lugbara Subsistence agriculture West Nile [54]
Mamprusi East Mamprusi [56]
  Mano Horticultural Nimba County [56]
  Mapuche Pastoral agriculture Araucanía [61]
  Maragoli Vihiga County [56]
Mbuti Hunter-gatherer Ituri Rainforest [62]
Niitsitapi Hunter-gatherer Blackfeet Nation [63]
  Nubian Agricultural Nubia [64]
  Nuer Pastoralism Nuer Zone, Gambela [56]
  Pequot Eastern Pequot Tribal Nation [65]
  Piaroa Subsistence agriculture Orinoco [66]
Puliklah Hunter-gatherer Yurok Indian Reservation [54]
Tallensi Horticultural Tallensi Traditional Area [56]
Plateau Tonga Subsistence agriculture Binga [54]
Quinnipiac Hunter-gatherer Quinnipiac River [67]
  Sami Pastoralism Sápmi [54]
San Hunter-gatherer Central Kalahari [68]
Santals Agricultural Jharkhand [54]
  Semai Subsistence agriculture Perak [69]
  Seminoles Hunter-gatherer Seminole Nation [70]
  Shona Subsistence agriculture Mashonaland [56]
  Tiv Horticultural Tivland [54][56]
  Urhbo Subsistence agriculture Niger Delta [56]
Zomia [71]

Intentional communitiesEdit

Active communities:

Past communities:

Community projectsEdit

Active Projects

Past Projects

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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Further readingEdit

External linksEdit