Outline of computer programming

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming:

Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs. Programming involves activities such as analysis, developing understanding, generating algorithms, verification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption, and implementation (commonly referred to as coding[1][2]) of algorithms in a target programming language. Source code is written in one or more programming languages. The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.




Writing programsEdit



Programming languagesEdit

Programming language – formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behavior of a machine or to express algorithms.

Types of programming languagesEdit

Popular languagesEdit

The top 20 most popular programming languages as of March 2016:[3]

  1. Java
  2. C
  3. C++
  4. C#
  5. Python
  6. PHP
  7. Visual Basic .NET
  8. JavaScript
  9. Perl
  10. Ruby
  11. Delphi/Object Pascal
  12. Assembly
  13. Visual Basic
  14. Swift
  15. Objective-C
  16. R
  17. Groovy
  18. MATLAB
  19. PL/SQL
  20. D

Anatomy of a programming languageEdit

Comparisons of programming languagesEdit

Programming language comparisons

Comparisons of individual languagesEdit




Software developmentEdit

Software engineeringEdit

Software engineering

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is coding". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  2. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is programming". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  3. ^ "Tiobe Index". TIOBE Software. Retrieved 23 March 2016.

External linksEdit