Nine Courts

Nine Courts (九寺 ( Jiǔ Sì)) is a general term referring to the 9 top service agencies in the central government in imperial China from the Northern Qi dynasty (550–577) to the Qing dynasty (1636–1912). The number of courts in the group, however, was not always nine throughout the two millennia.

Nine Courts

The nine courts throughout most of history were:

In general the nine courts were under the supervision of the Three Departments and Six Ministries.

See alsoEdit


  • Hucker, Charles O. (1985). A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 177.