List of car-free places

The main square of Siena, Italy

The areas in this list of car-free places make up a sizeable fraction of a city, town, or island; public transport connections do not in themselves constitute a car free area.

Color-coding is used as follows:

Place name Most or all of the area is essentially car free
Place name Large area that is nearly car free
Place name A limited number of vehicles intrude


Location Area Population Character
Vienna Central parts of Innere Stadt are a sizable car free zone around St. Stephens Cathedral 16 944 people The historic center of Vienna including the main shopping streets, Graben and Kärntner Straße. Stephansplatz, Freyung, Minoritenplatz and Judenplatz are among the most important medieval squares of the area.
Autofreie Mustersiedlung Floridsdorf housing project 250 units New car free residential project, organized by Green party
the rather broad main shopping street Mariahilferstraße is in large part a Begegnungszone 20 km/h-slow cars on a narrow middle lane meet pedestrians; expansion realized 2015 after dispute under Maria Vassilakou (Green Party)
Columbusplatz in a southern outer district 20 km/h-slow cars on a narrow middle lane meet pedestrians; expansion realized 2015 after dispute under Maria Vassilakou (Green Party)
Linz central axis and shopping street Landstraße to Hauptplatz interrupted by several crossing streets carrying the streetcar, cycling (partially?) allowed after decades of prohibition
Graz Several streets in the old town Significant pedestrian zones and car free shopping areas; streetcar in main axis Herrengasse–Hauptplatz–Sackstraße cycling prohibited in Herrengasse (but allowed from 20 to 08 o clock since about 2013) and some small streets, parallel Schmiedgasse is narrow official cycle main route
part of Europaplatz in the south and east of the main entrance to railway main station forecourt is partially sheltered by a ring "Golden Eye" used by pedestrians to trains, local to international buslines, streetcars underneath, general food store (6 am to 10 pm) and other stores in the main station, cycle path with roofed cycle storage facility, all the construction work finished in about 2014
Wels half of central historical Stadtplatz, rectangular axis Schmidtgasse–Bäckergasse crossed by the street Ringstraße and leading to Kaiser-Josef-Platz Oldest and central part of the town since the Romans, three parallel shopping streets connected by a comfortable walkable smaller axis, the importance of gastronomy is rising
Feldkirch Historic center Oldest part of Feldkirch bordering the Ill river includes hotels, shopping, St. Nikolas Cathedral, City Hall, the Katzenturm, and the historic castle Schattenburg
Salzburg A number of streets in the medieval center are car free Lovely old town with significant car free shopping areas
Klagenfurt Alter Platz in the old center and a network of surrounding smaller streets and places, the rectangular area in the middle of the large Neuer Platz following in the south the big space around monument Lindwurm on Neuer Platz ist paved or sanded, Kramergasse is said to be the first pedestrian zone of Austria
other towns: the country (Bundesland) capitals: Bregenz, Eisenstadt, Innsbruck, St. Pölten further: Amstetten, Baden, Bludenz, Bruck/Leitha, Gmünd (NÖ), Kitzbühel, Krems, Landeck, Leoben, Lienz, Mödling, Mürzzuschlag, Tulln, Villach, Wr. Neustadt, Wolfsberg, Zell am See.[1]


Location Area Population Character
Antwerp Some of historic centre Shopping district in historic centre is car free; see Meir, the main shopping street
Brussels Most of historic centre Second largest car free area in Europe; most streets surrounding Grand Place and Brussels Stock Exchange area are car free, as well as major shopping street Rue Neuve
Liège Most of historic centre oldest car free area in Belgium, see Liège § Main sights
Louvain-la-Neuve Most or all of the city 29,521 University town; surface is car free; streets and parking are below pedestrian streets
Ghent Entire city heart 260,341 Second largest car free area in Belgium; Public transport, taxis and permit holders may enter but not exceed 20 km/h
Hasselt Most of the historic centre Most streets inside the "Groene Boulevard" are car free or very low traffic.
Kortrijk Shopping area First car free shopping street in Belgium; nowadays extended with parts of the centre
Leuven Large parts of centre Two types of pedestrian zone. Some exceptions (at certain time periods) for suppliers, public transport, medical vehicles, residents...

Bosnia and HerzegovinaEdit

Location Area Population Character
Baščaršija Old part of Sarajevo 100% of the Old City is entirely free of motorized vehicles.


In Bulgaria almost every city or town has pedestrians-only zone, usually in downtown.

Location Area Population Character
Blagoevgrad Downtown This small university town of 60,000 contains a quite substantial pedestrian area, with one long walking street and several smaller ones, in addition to two large and one extremely large car free squares.
Burgas Downtown An important coastal city (roughly 200,000 inhabitants), Burgas has two main pedestrian boulevards perpendicular to each other.
Pazardzhik Downtown A medium-sized Bulgarian city (roughly 80,000 inhabitants) contains a proportionately large pedestrian network, where in one instance five different pedestrian streets intersect.
Plovdiv Downtown Bulgaria's second-largest city (roughly 340,000 inhabitants in the city and 600,000 in the urban area) contains one of the largest pedestrian streets in Europe.
Ruse Downtown The "Little Vienna", as it is called, has a significant pedestrian-only zone with streets and squares.
Sofia Downtown The capital of Bulgaria's central thoroughfare, Vitosha Boulevard, was transformed into a vibrant pedestrian-only zone in the 2010s.
Sunny Beach Beachfront Sunny Beach's main beachfront promenade, as well as its central street, are pedestrian zones.
Sveti Vlas Downtown St. Vlas's main street is closed to traffic during the summer tourist season.
Sliven Downtown 95.000 Sliven's main street is a pedestrian-only and includes several squares.
Yambol Downtown 75.000 Yambol has two parallel closed for all types of vehicles streets (bicycles are only allowed), connected with small streets, parks and squares between them. The main one, starts from a city park, which is located on an island in Tundja river. The city park is also pedestrians only zone.
Velingrad Downtown A small spa resort, Velingrad features a pedestrian-only main street.


Location Area Population Character
Dubrovnik Old City 100% of the Old City is entirely free of motorized vehicles.
Split Old City Diocletian's Palace and adjoining areas to the west are free of cars.
Zlarin Entire island (8.19 km2) 276 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed.[2] Several electrically powered golf carts are also used.[2]
Prvić Entire island (2.37 km2) 453 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are also used.
Koločep Entire island (2.3 km2) 120-200 Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are used apart from a few mopeds.
Silba Entire island (15 km2) 292 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Mailman also uses a moped.[3]

Czech RepublicEdit

Location Area Population Character
Prague Large car free area starting at Old Town Square and extending across the river Medieval quarter
Tábor "Modest network of car free streets" Old town
Poděbrady "Town center is free of cars and bicycles" Spa town with mineral water


Location Area Population Character
Strøget, Copenhagen Large downtown car free shopping area Central Copenhagen is one of the largest and oldest examples of auto-free zones, heavily used, much tourist traffic. Street lights are hung from cables attached to building walls which leaves the walks unimpeded by obstructing posts. The city's bicycle paths are extensive and well-used.
Christiania community, Copenhagen former Bådsmandsstræde barracks and part of city ramparts 850 Several streets with recycled and ad-hoc buildings.
Ertholmene, Bornholm Entire island is car free 96 Easy for walking. Passenger car-free-ferry arrive to there, from Bornholm.


Location Area Population Character
Suomenlinna 0.8 km² island 850 car free fortress in Helsinki, service traffic allowed.
Turku Several streets in the heart of the city Shopping street Yliopistonkatu and large parts of the streets siding the Aura River are only for pedestrians and bicycles, service traffic allowed during low-traffic hours. Riversides connected with several pedestrian-only bridges and the free-of-charge pedestrian-only ferry Föri.


Location Area Population Character
Avoriaz Car free ski resort
Mont Saint-Michel 4 km² island about 60 Car free fortress/abbey
Île-d'Aix Entire island (1.19 km²) is car-free. 219 Easy for walking/biking[4]
Île de Porquerolles, near Toulon Entire island is car-lite and many areas car free. 5000 (summers) Resort. Non-residents are not allowed to have cars.
Île de Sein, Bretagne Entire island (0.58 km²) is car free 214 (summer:1.500) Easy for walking[5]
Île de Bréhat, Bretagne Entire island (3.09 km²) is car free 444 (summer:10000) Easy for walking/biking[6]
Île de Hoedic, Bretagne Entire island (2.08 km²) is car free 111 Easy for walking/biking[7]
Île de Houat, Bretagne Entire island (2.91 km²) is car free 311 Easy for walking/biking[8]
Île de Batz, Bretagne Entire island (3.05 km²) is car free 594 Easy for walking/biking
Île-Molène, Bretagne Entire island (0.75 km²) is car free 211 Easy for walking[9]
Archipel du Frioul, near Marseille All four islands (400 ha) are car free 86 Easy for walking[10]
Île d'Yeu, Vendée Large car free center 5000 (summer:40000) Easy for walking/biking
Lille Area near the Grand Place Shopping district
Lyon Rue de la République, Rue Victor-Hugo, and side streets 17th-18th-century mixed-use 6-story area
Lyon Part of Vieux Lyon Medieval quarter
Nice Almost all of Vieux Nice and other subjacent areas Historic city centre and it surroundings
Port Grimaud Large car free center Resort
Quartier de l'horloge, Paris Area north of the Pompidou Center (1.2 ha) built in the 1980s + the parvise of the Pompidou Center, car free 200? Modern large-scale development
Les Halles, Paris Redeveloped market area
Quartier Montorgueil, Paris
Dijon Small car free center Old buildings on narrow streets
Strasbourg Part of the old town Medieval core
Colmar Town Center Large historic pedestrian area in center of town
Chambéry Significant car free area Medieval quarter
Montpellier Many car free streets 11,000 in the medieval quarter Center of medieval university town
La Rochelle Car-free area and anti-car policies 80,000 (entire city)
Tours Several blocks of the medieval old town are restricted to pedestrians only Old medieval center
Bordeaux Some streets Morning truck deliveries permitted; limited car access for residents
Sarlat Old part of city Reportedly car free and pedestrian friendly except for central main street
Lauzerte Place des Cornières Car free; Bike & pedestrian only
Yvoire Old part of city Medieval quarter

French cities planning to ban diesel and petrol vehicles: Paris (diesel by 2024 and petrol by 2030).[11]


Location Area Population Character
Augsburg Sections of the centre Main shopping areas of downtown Augsburg
Berlin Spandau Altstadt Spandau pedestrian shopping area with access via ubahn.
Cologne Old city Area around the cathedral and main shopping areas. Access to the riverbank as well.
Düsseldorf Altstadt and the banks of the Rhine Some shopping, many bars and restaurants
Düsseldorf Schadowstrasse and Wehrhahn Shopping. Wehrhahn still under construction at time of writing
Essen City center, Kettwiger Straße, Limbecker Straße and many smaller Streets in the Center of the City Large shopping area connecting the train station to Limbecker Platz, with its shopping mall
Erfurt Historic center
Frankfurt City center Area around the Zeil and the old opera house. Extends down to the river with pedestrian bridges to the large parks on the other side
Freiburg im Breisgau Large car free center (610 x 720 m) perhaps 10,000 Medieval university town; a very small amount of car traffic is permitted on some streets; trams provide access. Progressively pedestrianised since 1971.[12] Widely seen as a pioneer of "car-free"/people oriented development.
Freiburg im Breisgau Vauban district 5,000 New district converted from a military base; car parking distributed, trams provide access
Erlangen Former US-Army area/Hartmannstrasse some 2.000 Car parking concentrated in some multi storey car parks
Erlangen Bonhoefferweg-Siedlung some 200 Car parking outside the residential area
Leipzig Petersstraße
Lindau Historic center
Munich 7 km of car free streets
Nürnberg 9 km of car free streets
Potsdam Historic center
Rothenburg ob der Tauber 13,000 Nearly the entire city
Rostock Historic center
Wittenberg (Gartenstadt Piesteritz) 1,200 Development c. 1915; newly carfree (1994—1999)[13]
Nürnberg - Langwasser 3,180 New development (1978–1987)
Hamburg (Stadthaus Schlump) Small 45 dwelling units car free mixed-use conversion of an old hospital
Hamburg (Saarlandstraße) 210 dwellings New development (2000)[14]
Bremen (Grünenstraße) 800 m² 23 dwellings New development
Schwerin Historic center
Stuttgart 6.9 km of car free streets
Niederrathen Entire village 500 Village in Saxony
Lechbruck am See resort facilities Small part of village in Bavaria (car allowed on Saturday)
Hayingen Entire village 105 houses Village in Swabia
Tübingen (French Quarter) Some parts of redevelopment car free
Tübingen (converted military base) 6000 residents, 2000 jobs
Frauenchiemsee 15.5 ha 300 residents island in lake Chiemsee, historic abbey
Munich (Messestadt Riem) 41 dwellings car free part of a larger new development[15]
Münster (Geist) Gartensiedlung Weissenburg 184 dwellings New development (2001)[16]
East Frisian Islands
German car-free islands
Map of the East Frisian Islands

German islands and resortsEdit

(Residents are allowed cars on some islands)

Location Area Population Character
Heligoland Entire island 1650 North Sea Island. In addition to cars, bicycles are banned.
Baltrum Entire island 510 East Frisian Island
Spiekeroog Entire island 730 East Frisian Island
Langeoog Entire island 1970 East Frisian Island
Wangerooge Entire island 1180 East Frisian Island
Juist Entire island 1790 East Frisian Island
Hiddensee Entire island 1200 Baltic Sea Island
Gröde and Nordstrandischmoor North sea islands total of 30 inhabitants North Frisian Islands


Hydra Island
Mount Athos
Spetses Island
Greek car-free places
Location Area Population Character
Hydra Island Entire island (50 km²) 3,000 No motorized vehicles on the entire island
Lindos/Rhodes Entire Town Motorized traffic impossible due to narrow streets
Mount Athos Entire Peninsula 1,400 Motorized traffic of non residents is prohibited. Local traffic is extremely limited with only some vehicles used by the monastic community for essential communication, and transportation needs


Margaret Island
Vörösmarty Square and Váci Street
Car-free places in Budapest
Location Area Population Character
Budapest Margaret Island 3 Entry by cars forbidden except for a single bus line and taxis; service traffic of local stores and restaurants are allowed to enter


Location Area Population Character
Venice Entire city, except at the bus station square Estimated at 50,000 Medieval city, today highly focused on tourism; transport on foot or by water
Capri Eastern part of the island, about 20% of overall area Island resort, car-free area includes the main city centre with shopping roads and major high-class hotels
Siena Historical city center Most streets have little traffic
Cinque Terre
(5 towns on the Gulf of Genoa)
Most of each town Towns are car-moderated
Como Within the medieval city walls 6,200[17] Areas of the historic center inside the medieval walls. Delivery trucks and residents can apply for permits. Enforced by means of cameras automatically verifying plates of cars both at the entrance and at exit at permitted gates.
Lipari Islands Stromboli, Ginostra, parts of Lipari village centre, other remote places
Chamois Entire village 96
Orta San Giulio Entire town is car free; visitors may park in lots above the town and continue down by foot 1177 Medieval village on the shore of Lake Orta in the Piedmont region
Monte Isola Entire village 1.768
Lucca Within the city walls mainly car free Medieval town

The NetherlandsEdit

Location Area Population Character
Amsterdam GWL project 600 unit car free residential area About 1,500 Modern architecture on the site of a disused waterworks; some car parking at the edge
Delft Most of the old center Medieval center
Giethoorn old part of town About 2,500 Transport by canal boat, bicycle or by foot in this area
Groningen Most of the old city center 16,551 within the City Centre[18] Much of the City Centre is pedestrianized. The City Centre has no through routes for motor traffic; much of it is pedestrianized
Houten Entire town designed to favor cyclists 38,062 Sustainable urban design encourages people to travel by bike and train. Chosen as Dutch "Bicycle-city 2008"
Kalverstraat/Nieuwendijk, Amsterdam Long main shopping street with many narrow side streets Unknown; primarily commercial Shopping district; delivery vehicles allowed in AM
Islands of Schiermonnikoog and Vlieland Entire islands About 1,000 residents on each plus lots of tourists in season Only residents are allowed to bring cars onto the islands
Tiengemeten Entire island About 10 Island that is almost entirely given back to nature, only some vehicles of staff and residents allowed
Orvelte Entire town About 230 This is a town and museum in one. The 230 residents live inside the museum village. Parking is on the outskirts of the village.


Location Area Population Character
Kraków A large area of the Old Town Square encircled by a park known as Planty is accessible by automobile only to residents, taxis, police, service vehicles, and delivery vehicles (so that, in fact, plenty of motor traffic occurs). 5,345 (Old Town in 1998) Old town
Poznań Sections of the Old Town
Toruń Old town Old town, a World Heritage Site, is mostly car free
Warsaw Old Town, New Town, Krakowskie Przedmieście, and Chmielna are largely closed to private cars (except for residents, for example)
Wrocław Sections of the Old Town
Zielona Góra


Location Area Population Character
Óbidos Entire area of walled town Around 3,100 Medieval walled hill town (now tourist area); only residents permitted to drive into the town, although cars are a nuisance
Aveiro Many small streets 75,000 Praça do Peixe, a large pub area and the judicial city
Baixa, Lisbon One long shopping street, with a few side streets 18th-century 5-story mixed use
Santarém Most of the streets in the oldest part of town 64,124 3 story, old, mixed use area
Faro Some of the downtown area 6 to 8 old streets that form a small network in the center of town
Tavira Some of the old downtown Narrow, winding streets in the old part of town.
Évora Several streets and a couple of squares in the old walled city 8500 (in the walled city) The squares of Giraldo and Sertório plus a number of commercial streets.
Coimbra Many small streets Old medieval quarter
Viseu A number of narrow streets in the town center Largely intact medieval city; on Fridays, the entire old center is car free


Location Area Population Character
Băile Felix Central area around the hotels and thermal lakes Thermal spa resort. The whole central area hosting parks, thermal lakes, churches and hotels is closed to vehicular traffic.
Craiova The historic centre. Pedestrian shopping street, cafes, restaurants, bars.
Mamaia About 5 km car free esplanade on the Black Sea shore. The biggest beach summer resort on Romanian Black Sea shore featuring shops, art galleries, cafes, festivals, restaurants, beach bars, night clubs, pools.
Oradea Republicii Street Pedestrian shopping street with many restaurants, cafés, statues
Central square, Alexandri Street and surrounding area Tourist area with some of the city's main attractions, many cafés, restaurants and night clubs. It includes an indoor pedestrian walkway in the Black Eagle Palace that is a landmark of the city.
Timișoara Some of the central area Pedestrian shopping street, cafes, restaurants, bars.


Location Area Population Character
Moscow Old Arbat Street is a picturesque pedestrian street. Tourist area
Moscow Kremlin - UNESCO World Heritage Site, Entire area of walled town. Cars are allowed only during parade
Luzhniki Olympic Complex. about 10000 in non-transit area Three areas: walled pedestrian transit area nearby Luzhniki Metro Bridge (24 hours access except events), another walled area open 10 to 22, access most times free of charge, authority area to cars northern to the stadium (northern border is transit road – Khamovnichesky Val) with public transport. Also, there is a non-transit area nearby to the metro Sportivnaya.
White House, Moscow - after 1993 building zone, pedestrian zone and car zone were divided, transit cars were diverted to embarks, local cars to adjustment streets. N/A
VDNKH - On the week days cars may go only with special permission, like big yard mode (speed limit 10 km/h, to service and buses 20 km/h). On the weekends only public transport is allowed unless any car is in zone with pavilions 69-70-75. N/A
Saint Petersburg Large parts of the city. City with numerous canals running throughout its centre with equally numerous car-free zones in and around those areas.
Nizhny-Novgorod Large central street near the Kremlin, as well as parts of the Kremlin itself.
Kazan Kazan Kremlin, and a large main street (Bauman Street, pedestrian-only since 1986) going from the Kremlin to the city centre.
Yekaterinburg Weiner Street is a picturesque pedestrian street. Shopping and tourist area


Location Area Population Character
Knez Mihajlova 1 km Knez Mihailova Street features a large number of impressive buildings and mansions built during the late 1870s. It was declared Spatial Cultural-Historical Units of Great Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Location of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, and numerous other institutions.
Tešnjar one street that follows the river course Kolubara and several smaller streets below the hill Old Serbian urban settlement, mostly originated in the 19th century. Unique example of old architecture in the interior of Serbia. Located on the right bank of Kolubara a long time was a trade center of Valjevo.
Tinkers Alley one short street in the city center Also known as Coppersmith alley (Serbian: Kazandžijsko sokače, Казанџијско сокаче). An old urban downtown which was built in the first half of the 18th century. It was a street full of tinkers and other crafts, together with craftsmen houses deriving from Turkish period.[19]


Location Area Population Character
Ljubljana Slow-moving taxis ("Kavalir") provide free rides for the elderly, pregnant people, and others.


Location Area Population Character
Málaga 3,900 m² car free and limited access streets Moorish and 19th-century historic center
Seville Santa Cruz district has many narrow, car free streets Medieval/Renaissance quarter
Bilbao Casco Viejo (Old Town) district has narrow streets with limited car access Medieval quarter
Vitoria-Gasteiz Most of the old walled city, as well as most of the "Ensanche" streets Medieval quarter and 19th-century center
Madrid Puerta del Sol 6 blocks square (limited car access) Busy central area
Salamanca Entire Medieval city including old Roman bridges Plaza mayor and entire old city.
Segovia Large parts of the old, walled city Medieval area
Pontevedra Large central pedestrian zone Whole old town, narrow streets and small squares. Almost no cars.
Leon Large central pedestrian zone Whole old town, narrow streets and small squares. Almost no cars.
Burgos Large central pedestrian zone Most of the old town, narrow streets and some squares. The old town is entirely car-lite, and much of it is carfree except for deliveries.
Santiago de Compostela Large central pedestrian zone
Ayamonte (in S.W. corner) Downtown commercial district Old medieval quarter with very narrow streets; river town on the flanks of a hill
Barri Gòtic, Barcelona A number of car free streets, others car-light 27,946[20] Medieval center
Girona Rambla (promenade and shopping street) and network of narrow residential streets Historic centre
Granada Albaicin neighborhood (limited car access on a few streets) Historic Moorish quarter
Laguardia (Biasteri) photos
Valladolid Central square and surrounding streets. Historic centre, although most buildings are now modern.


Location Area Population Character
Gamla stan, Stockholm (Old Town) Most of the old heart (c. 0.3 km²) 3000 Oldest part of the city; medieval area; low traffic in central parts of the Old Town during part of the day, AM deliveries allowed and taxis allowed 24 h; there is no supervision and no control, so in reality and for all practical considerations the area can't be considered car free.
Malmö Large pedestrian precinct City center; further expansion planned
Växjö, Sweden Entire city center car free district in fossil-fuel reduced city (external link)
Jakriborg Entire village 2000 - 5000 Newbuilt suburb/village in old style, connected to Malmö and Lund via rail.
Southern Göteborg Archipelago Archipelago including Vrångö, Brännö, Styrsö, and Vargö 5,000 permanent, another 6,000 summer West of Gothenburg


Location Area Population Character
Zermatt Entire town 5687 car free Alpine resort with prototype "Utility Area" at the entrance; slow electric taxis and freight vehicles used, although these are sometimes driven at higher speeds
Bettmeralp Entire town Alpine resort, sometimes considerable traffic of utility vehicles
Braunwald Entire town 398 Alpine resort
Riederalp Entire town 555 Alpine resort
Rigi Entire mountain Mountain resort, some utility vehicles
Saas-Fee Entire town 1607 Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles
Stoos Entire town Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles, mainly from the resorts hotels.
Wengen Entire town 1400 Alpine resort
Zürich Large parts of the old town Car free medieval urban core. (Taxis and cars with special permits are allowed)
Lausanne Large parts of the old town The lower mediaeval part of the old town is car free. Cars are allowed but uncommon in the upper ancient part. Taxis are allowed.
Geneva 10 streets 10,000 car free areas in the heart
Basel Parts of the medieval town are car free The city is heavily dependent on an excellent tram system and most of the center city is highly car moderated if not car free
St. Gallen Old center car free
Neuchâtel Old center car free
Appenzell Old center car free
Gstaad Village center car free
Gruyere Village center Reportedly significant car free area
Rapperswil Medieval center car free center
Brig Perhaps 10 blocks in downtown Old part of the city, mixed use
Winterthur Historic center
Lugano Most of the old quarter
Mürren Entire town 450 Alpine resort; some utility traffic
Gimmelwald Entire town 130 Small village
Bern - Halen 79 apartments Terraced neighborhood; built 1961; parking at edge
Siedlung Burgunder (german overview[permanent dead link] & ZDF-clip[permanent dead link]) 40 apartments housing estate, built until 2010
Boll-Sinneringen (Vechigen) - Wohnanlage Schloßpark 73 apartments Built 1996; parking at edge


The Prince's Islands near Istanbul do not permit cars (aside from public service and emergency vehicles such as police, garbage, electricity etc.), meaning the only other forms of transport are by foot, bike, or horse carriages. Four of these islands can be reached by ferry from Istanbul, which takes about an hour.

Map of the Princes' Islands in Istanbul
Location Area Population Character
Büyükada Largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 7,320 Almost entirely car free.
Heybeliada Second largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 3,000 Almost entirely car free.
Burgazada Third largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 1,500 Almost entirely car free.
Kınalıada Fourth largest of the Princes' Islands in the Sea of Marmara, part of Istanbul 1,500 Almost entirely car free.

UK and Channel IslandsEdit

Location Area Population Character
Island of Sark (Channel Islands) Whole island 560 Entirely car free (only motorized vehicles are tractors)
Island of Herm (Channel Islands) Whole island 60 Cars and bicycles are both banned (quad bikes are allowed, but only for maintenance)
Birmingham City centre Victoria Square, Chamberlain Square, Centenary Square, Brindleyplace, New Street, High Street, Needless Alley, Cannon Street, Temple Row. Cherry Street and Union Street.
Chester Some of city centre Some central streets pedestrianised in the 1990s, proposal for expansion as of 2014[21]
Cambridge City centre and university campus Several thousand University town with heavy tourism; cars banned most of the day from centre
Oxford Some areas in city centre 11,786 (city centre wards) Medieval university town with heavy traffic through it. Cornmarket Street, Radliffe Square surrounding the Radcliffe Camera and University Church of St Mary the Virgin, and Brasenose Lane are pedestrian only; Queen Street is bus only; many surrounding streets have restricted vehicular access. Pedestrian streets are surrounded by heavy traffic, including many buses, and pavements are at times no wider than a metre. There are plans to extend this to the entire city centre (with the exception of electric vehicles) by 2035.
Salisbury City centre and cathedral close 40,302 Parts of the town centre are car free, including some of the Cathedral Close
Canterbury City centre (approx. historic, walled city area) several thousand (historic centre) Canterbury's historic city centre has been closed to most motor vehicle traffic for several decades. A ring road which was built in the 1960s, when Canterbury saw rapid growth in buildings and population, is used as the perimeter for the boundary. Cars are allowed only during certain times of the day and the city's road system is designed to discourage "rat runs".
York Part of the city centre is carfree (approx 400 x 400 m) during the day Restricted access for deliveries; disabled car access and parking is maintained.
Leeds Entire city centre shopping district centred on Briggate (approx 400 x 400 m) Pedestrian precinct (access for delivery to some areas allowed between 23:00 and 06:00 hours).
Lincoln Several cobbled streets around Lincoln Cathedral Car free area near the centre.
Isles of Scilly Group of islands off Land's End Combined population of 2000 Islands of Bryher, Tresco, St Agnes and St Martin's are car free
Clovelly Village in North Devon 1600 Entirely car-free
Shrewsbury Several streets in town centre Medieval town enclosed within loop of River Severn. Pride Hill entirely motor-vehicle free except limited access for loading in mornings. The Square, Fish St (2m width restriction), Butcher Row allowed for access and delivery only. 2009 closure of Music Hall removed much access/delivery traffic from The Square. Grope Lane and the "shuts" too narrow for traffic.
Edinburgh Some of city centre Slateford Green car free development, High street on the Royal Mile between George IV Bridge and South Bridge. Rose Street is also pedestrianized.
Easdale Whole island 59 Entirely car-free
Cardiff Most of the city centre (approx 500x500m) Most of Central Cardiff is car free, including Queen Street, The Hayes, High Street and parts of St Mary Street. Around 2.7 km of connected pedestrian streets. There are also several arcades (covered streets) in the city centre.


Location Area Population Character
Lviv Old town Old town, a World Heritage Site, is mostly car free
Kiev Kontraktova square Kontraktova square and two blocks of Sagaidachnogo street are car-free since August 2017. Reconstruction of the area is planned for 2018 in order to make it pedestrian friendly.
Odesa Derybasivska Street
Poltava Sobornosti street Central 350m stretch of the street is pedestrian
Zhytomyr Teatralna street Half of the street is pedestrian

Baltic and BalkansEdit

Location Area Population Character
Dubrovnik, Croatia The old walled city Nearly car free
Rovinj, Croatia The old town is reported to be largely or entirely car free Undoubtedly medieval
Vilnius, Lithuania Large car free area reported[citation needed] One of the largest surviving medieval quarters in Europe
Kaunas, Lithuania Laisves Aleja A double tree lined five block pedestrian shopping street car free other than intersections
Riga, Latvia Old town The walled old town is nearly car free, requiring enough permits and entrance fees for motor vehicles that cars are seldom seen
Tallinn, Estonia Old town 4,457 A sizeable portion of the medieval Old Town is car free. Entry is allowed for residents and for business owners for servicing (between 6am-10am only). Permits are necessary to enter the busy pedestrian streets at other times.
Kotor, Montenegro The old town is car free. 23,481 The old Mediterranean port of Kotor, surrounded by an impressive city wall, is very well preserved and protected by UNESCO.


Location Area Population Character
Buenos Aires Downtown pedestrian circuit [Microcentro] The pedestrian circuit in the city centre is composed by Florida Street, about 12 blocks, 5 blocks of Lavalle Street, one block of Diagonal Norte, two blocks Tres Sargentos Street and one block of the Pasaje Carlos Discepolo, very vibrant area with many restaurants, theatres, shopping, etc., a short walk from the obelisk, people throng here, streets are entirely car free, but crossing streets are not. Access by bus and the Metro (subte) Line C. Buenos Aires, for the most part, is a very walkable city.
Puerto Madero, Buenos Aires City centre waterfront Part of city Very successful waterfront redevelopment area. Highly pedestrianized and car free mixed use district which includes corporate headquarters, luxury condos, residential and business lofts, five star hotels, exclusive restaurants, parks and an ecological reserve.

A recently inaugurated 2 kilometre modern tramway (Tranvía del Este) line serves the area.

La Boca, Buenos Aires Several blocks of main street Part of city Barrio La Boca is a colourful working-class neighbourhood where descendants of Italian immigrants once settled, El Caminito, its main street, is pedestrianized and touristy.

An extension of Puerto Madero's light rail tram system to Retiro Station and Barrio La Boca is contemplated.

Greater Buenos Aires Tren de la Costa, car free artery A unique suburban modern leisure tramway artery that stretches for 15 kilometres by the River Plate from Olivos to the village of Tigre, each of its eleven "turn of the [19th to 20th] century" picturesque stations have a charm of its own with its plazas, cafes, antique shops, movie theatres, boutiques, restaurants and regional product markets. You can get on and off during the day as many times as you wish. Good sample of Transit-oriented development. Tren de la Costa website.
Tigre, Buenos Aires Delta Several thousand The village of Tigre is the starting point of the magnificent Delta where commuter mahogany launches reminiscent of the roaring twenties travel its web of connecting rivers and streams dotted with week-end homes, English style rowing clubs, countless marinas, large mansions from the Belle Époque and a variety of recreational complexes which offer food, lodging and entertainment. Total absence of cars.
Mendoza Several blocks, centre of town Wide tree-lined streets, many parks and plazas, ceramic-tiled sidewalks, pedestrianised "Peatonal Sarmiento" adjacent to Plaza Independencia features many outdoor cafe's, restaurants, wine bars and shops. City is served by antiquated trolleybus lines. Mendoza is the capital of the wine producing Mendoza Province.
Rosario Central business district Almost 2 kilometre of retail area, system of parks that line the riverfront area.
Córdoba various pedestrian circuits 120.000 people The city's downtown includes 2 kilometres of pedestrianized areas with theatres, shops, outdoor cafes, restaurants, parks and plazas, and an active nightlife. Trolleybus and bus provide access.
La Cumbrecita, Córdoba First pedestrian village in Argentina Several hundred A beautiful small picturesque secluded alpine-like village in Córdoba Province settled by central Europeans. Focused on eco-tourism, no paved roads, transport on foot.

Excursions to La Cumbrecita can be taken from nearby Villa General Belgrano, not car free but pedestrian friendly.


Location Area Population Character
Curitiba, Brazil car free area in downtown, 24 linear blocks Twenty blocks in the heart of the city are paved with decorative tile in which vehicular traffic is restricted to delivery trucks at set hours, part of this area was pedestrianized in the 70's. It includes much of the historic district. photos Much of the pedestrianized space permits the passage of cross traffic at each block. It's served by a unique bus system running on dedicated streets and providing excellent, low-cost service. [1]
Ilha do Mel, Paraná, Brazil Small Island offshore of Paranaguá The Island has two small fishing villages The entire Island is car free, and even cattle free. All goods and materials are carted around by big wheel barrows. Economy is traditionally fishing but Ecotourism is now a big part of economy. 95% of Island is now an ecological reserve. Villages are connected by 2 meter wide sandy walking paths
Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Entire island 177,832[22] Large car-free island off the coast of the state, part of Angra dos Reis municipality. Only allowed vehicles are bicycles, tractors and rentable jeeps.
Paquetá Island, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Entire island About 7000 Extremely peaceful, car-free island in Guanabara Bay, an hour by ferry from downtown Rio. Residents ride bikes, which they park neatly along the curbs of the island's tamped sand streets. Bikes are never locked and tend to congregate on downtown streets or at the foot of the stairs leading to the hillside slums. Not as popular with city residents and tourists as it used to be, you can still rent bikes from a handful of bike shops. In the south portion of the island, Danke de Mattos Park is cycle-free.


NB: Much of Canada's near north (the subarctic or boreal forest) and virtually all of the area north of the tree line is trackless, containing no roads. However, there are few large settlements in this area. In the towns and villages which do exist, motorized vehicles, in the form of ATVs and snowmobiles are commonplace. There are also isolated fishing villages on the North Atlantic coast called Newfoundland outports which are mostly car-free.

Location Area Population Character
Calgary, Alberta 7th & 8th Avenue Malls Non-Residential 7th Ave. is a transit mall; 8th Ave. is a pedestrian mall for several blocks that offers some retailers selling coffee, food, drinks and tourist merchandise.
Toronto Islands Several car free islands just off downtown 700 Urban park, neighbourhoods, and ecological community. Accessible by ferry or private boat from downtown Toronto. Bicycles are permitted on ferries.
Victoria Beach, Manitoba Restricted area of resort municipality 450 permanent. 16,000 summer. Cottage lined sand streets (paths, actually) connect beaches, sailing club, tennis courts, golf course, grassy central square with adjacent bakery. The restricted area can only be used by pedestrians and cyclists during the summer months (from the week before Canada Day until Labour Day).
Toronto, Ontario Distillery District Historic industrial district; red brick streets and architecture, art galleries, shops, cafes, residences, various festivals, breweries, distilleries, winemaking, pubs, fresh beer, bicycle parking, adjacent to Don Valley bicycle trail network through the city.
Toronto, Ontario Leslie Street Spit 0 Wilderness on a 5 km-long man-made peninsula area near downtown. Access by bicycle, pedestrian or boat.
Ottawa, Ontario Sparks Street Non-residential 6-block shopping street 1 block south of Canadian Parliament Building.
Montreal, Quebec Rue Prince-Arthur Pedestrian street lined with restaurants and cafés located west of Montreal in the borough of Plateau Mont-Royal.
Montreal, Quebec Gay Village The main artery of St. Catherine Street, from Berri in the west to Papineau in the east is car free from May 26 to September 13.
Montreal, Quebec McTavish Street Lower part of the street, on McGill University campus.
Mont-Tremblant, Quebec Ski resort built as an Auto-Free European-style village.
Quebec City, Quebec Vieux-Québec Many streets in the oldest part of Quebec City are car free as is Rue Saint-Jean for most of the day during the tourist season.
Digby Island, British Columbia Dodge Cove 50 Artisan and commuter community on an island near Prince Rupert, BC. Accessible by ferry.
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador George Street Historic street dotted with pubs, car free every night after 8:00 pm with the exception of taxis and emergency vehicles.
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Victoria Row One block section of Richmond Street adjacent to Confederation Centre of the Arts, fronting on cafes, restaurants and artisan shops, pedestrianized during the summer months. Street remains open for emergency vehicles, as well as delivery vehicles which operate outside of heavy pedestrian activity.
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Victoria Park Section of the Park Driveway permanently converted to pedestrian use; remains accessible for emergency vehicles. The inside lane of another street in the park—the Park Roadway, which follows the shoreline of Charlottetown Harbour—is converted to a bicycle and roller blading path during the summer months.
Halifax, Nova Scotia Granville Street Pedestrian Mall One block section at the north end of Granville Street converted to pedestrian use, fronting on NSCAD University studios, cafes, restaurants and artisan shops. Pedestrianized year-round, remains accessible for emergency vehicles.


Location Area Population Character
Santiago, Chile Three interconnected streets in downtown square Ahumada, Huerfanos & Estado Streets around Plaza de Armas, the city's main square and historical centre. Shopping, office and cultural activities. Santiagos ultra modern line 5 metro station is located under the plaza.


Location Area Population Character
Bogotá, Colombia The Ciclovía, 110 kilometers of roads throughout the city The Ciclovía roads are closed to traffic Sundays and holidays for 7 hours, from 0700 to 1400, when more than 1.5 million people practice various sports, visit the recreational facilities, or go to cycle-mass. The city also plans to become largely car free during rush hour by the year 2015.[23][24]

Costa RicaEdit

Location Area Population Character
Parismina, Limón Entire Village 600 Small coastal village has no paved roads and one tractor for trash collection.
Tortuguero, Limón Entire Island 500 A small village located near the Tortuguero National Park, it is located on a small "island" that is bordered on one side by the ocean and on the other by a river canal. The island is only accessible by boat or airplane.


Location Area Population Character
Havana Havana Central and parts of Old Havana Parts of Old Havana are car free. Large swaths of Central Havana are devoid of cars. The population, is not yet a car culture. The cars in use are mostly taxis taking multiple passengers. In Central Havana, cars generally stick to just a few thoroughfares. In other parts of Cuba, in many small towns, bicycles and pedicabs are the main source of transportation.


Location Area Population Character
Holbox The whole island 1,486 Only sand roads with golf carts and very few cars
Guanajuato, Guanajuato Most of the historic town 70,798 One main narrow street running through town; the few remaining streets run underground
Guadalajara, Jalisco Zona Peatonal, Downtown 15 streets dedicated to pedestrians. Surrounded by civic, touristic and commercial areas
Mexcaltitán de Uribe One large island in a lagoon in Nayarit 818 The island is completely car-free. Access is by small boats.
Historic center of Mexico City Madero, Moneda, Motolinía, Gante, Alhóndiga, Roldán, Talavera, and Regina Streets[25] 61,229 in Colonia Centro Large areas are car free except for cross streets. Several other streets are transit and parking only.
Xochimilco Dozens of islands, some densely urbanized, in Laguna del Toro, San Lorenzo, La Santísima, and Xaltocan 415,000 in Delegación Xochimilco but only a few of the urbanized islands are completely car-free There is no access to most islands of Xochimilco by car, though pedestrian bridges or informal ferry services exist to most of the urbanized islands.
Yelapa, Jalisco Entire village 1,500 some quads, no cars, very narrow alleyways, village access by water taxi not car.


Location Area Population Character
Little Corn Island Entire Island 495 Small Caribbean island with no roads, only footpaths. The island is accessible by taking a motorboat at Big Corn Island.
Solentiname Entire Archipelago Several islands in Lake Nicaragua - access by boat only no cars on the islands


In Oslo, cars are completely banned in some streets, and it also removed more than 700 curbside parking spots and replaced them with bike lanes, plants, tiny parks, and benches. It sees this as a major step toward a vision of a car-free city center.[26][27][28]

United StatesEdit

This is a list of populated car-free areas. For uninhabited car-free area in the US, see inventoried roadless area. With a few notable exceptions, most US cities have only relatively small car free zones.

State Location Area Population Character
California Sacramento K Street Mall Covers 12 blocks (1 mile) of K Street, including an outdoor shopping mall, a pedestrian freeway underpass to the city's historic district, shopping, entertainment, and a business and mixed-use residential district.
California Santa Monica Third Street Promenade, 1/2 mile (800 m) of 3rd Street Car-free shopping district, with further expansion planned.
California Venice Venice Canals 30,000 (pop. of Venice) A small portion of a large canal system created by Abbot Kinney to be the "Venice of America" still exists. A majority of the canals were filled in 1929 to make way for the automobile, though a square roughly 1,000 ft (300 m) still exists on one side.
Colorado Aspen Pedestrian malls Three blocks of E. Hyman Ave., S. Mill St., and E. Cooper Ave. in downtown, adjacent to Wagner Park, have been pedestrianized.
Colorado Boulder Pedestrian mall At the city center; there is some debate as to whether this really is a car free area or not. The Pearl Street Mall is absolutely car free, and extends through several blocks of the center of the city.
Colorado Denver 16th Street Mall, about a mile (1.6 km) long Transit mall with pedestrian-only extensions. However, electric buses and police cars drive throughout the area at all times, alongside pedicabs and horse-drawn carriages. It is forbidden to ride ordinary bicycles along the mall except on Sundays, and bicycles parked on the mall are impounded by police after a few hours' notice.
Colorado Fort Collins 1 street Old Town Square commercial district
Colorado Fort Collins Colorado State University, 4 long streets 25,000 students car free area of university campus, to be expanded
Florida Miami Beach Lincoln Road Mall, 7 blocks or 0.5 mile (800 m) Shopping, socializing, cafes, dining al fresco in the heart of the Art Deco district
Florida St. Augustine St. George Street, 4 blocks or 0.4 mile (600 m) Pedestrian only street, historic structure, shopping, dining, attractions,
Indiana Indianapolis Canal Walk One-and-a-half mile section of the Indiana Central Canal through downtown Indianapolis. Features sidewalks on either side and is lined by apartments, museums (with cafes), hotels, and the White River State Park. Opportunity to rent kayaks, Segways, bicycles, paddleboats, etc. Completely car-free.[29]
Iowa Iowa City Pedestrian mall Several blocks of the Iowa City-Ped Mall, located near the University of Iowa campus in the Old Capital district, are completely car free.
Louisiana New Orleans Several blocks between the French Quarter and the river Car free mixed use area served by Vintage Streetcar Line.
Massachusetts Boston Several blocks of the Downtown Crossing shopping district--Washington Street, Winter Street, and alleys 442-unit luxury residential tower abutting the area Car free except for emergency vehicles and taxis.
Minnesota Minneapolis Nicollet Mall Central E/W downtown street; access to motor-vehicles limited to Metro Transit busses Wide street level sidewalks give access to popular retail and dining establishments as well as many of downtown Minneapolis's office towers. There is a Hiawatha Line light rail station.
Minnesota Minneapolis skyway 5 miles (8.0 km) of enclosed overhead passageways 1,500 residences; 4,000 hotel rooms Commercial/retail heart of the city. 200 million square feet (19 km²) of office space, and 2.5 million square feet (230,000 m²) of retail space.
Minnesota Saint Paul skyway a grid of enclosed overhead and underground passageways Commercial/retail heart of the city.
Missouri Branson Branson Landing district car-free riverfront condos, shopping, dining, and nightlife
New Jersey Cape May Washington Street from Ocean Street to Perry Street (pedestrian mall) Downtown car free area of 1 street, 4 blocks long
New York Beaver River Entire hamlet 8 permanent; more in summer months Small hamlet, also lacking electric power, at east end of Stillwater Reservoir in the Adirondacks can only be reached by hiking trail, boat or electric rail car; in winter, only overland access is possible. One of only two permanently inhabited places in the entire eastern U.S. inaccessible by road.
New York Buffalo Main Street Mall (Buffalo), Downtown light-rail "main street" mall Theater district, retail, restaurants, pedestrian/LRV mall
New York Fire Island most of Island 491 permanent; summer peak estimated at 15,000 Most of the island is accessible only by passenger ferries, or by foot or bicycle from the parking lot at the western end (which is reachable by a cars-only bridge); wagons used for transport. Residents can get car access permits for non-summer months. The community of Cherry Grove has boardwalk streets only five feet wide and is completely inaccessible to conventional motor vehicles. It may be the most populous truly car-free area in the USA.
New York Ithaca Ithaca Commons (pedestrian mall) Downtown car free area of 1 street, 2 blocks long
New York New York City Broadway in Times and Herald Squares
New York Governors Island
(New York City)
entire Island 0 Cars and trucks are only allowed for specific purposes. Electric golf carts and minibuses are in limited use by park staff and contractors. Bicycles and human-powered quad vehicles are allowed and available for rent. Access is via ferry or private, human-powered boat.
New York Roosevelt Island
(New York City)
most of Island 9,500 Cars are allowed on one bridge and on spine road, but long-term parking is only available at one central parking garage. Access is via subway, tram, or riverfront footpaths.
Nevada Las Vegas Fremont Street Experience 6,489 hotel rooms Car free 5+ block pedestrian mall with 60 restaurants, 10 casinos, 2 stages, overhead light show and a brewery. Pedestrian 'friendly' 3 block extension with extra wide sidewalks and lots of small clubs. The main casino strip also has pedestrian bridges over the streets. Room numbers for FSE only.
Ohio Cleveland E. 4th Street Approximately 350 along the street (several thousand in adjacent streets) Public street about 170 m long, entirely car-free; Mixed use historic conversion of five- to eight-story buildings, primarily into upscale restaurants and apartments. E. 4th Street has developed into a noteworthy culinary district; among others, the street is home to Iron Chef Michael Symon's restaurant Lola.
Oregon Portland Portland Center, two pedestrian streets run parallel through the development, which includes two parks (car free streets total about 1-mile (1,600 m) length) 1200 Mixed-use development with apartments, retail, and offices
Oregon Portland RiverPlace. pedestrian promenade about 1/2 mile (800 m) long (the only large car free area); pedestrian alleys connect other buildings to the promenade; the site is 30 hectares (73 acres) in area. 1,200 Mixed-use development along the riverfront including apartments, retail, restaurants, a small market, and a waterfront pedestrian promenade
South Carolina Harbour Town, Hilton Head, South Carolina Artificial harbor with promenade and shops Few hundred Car free resort community from the 1960s and 70s
South Carolina Shelter Cove Harbor, Hilton Head, South Carolina Artificial harbor with promenade and shops, larger than Harbour Town Several hundred Car free resort community 1980s
Tennessee Knoxville Market Square, (150 m) One-block pedestrian mall in Knoxville's historic downtown, surrounded by shops and restaurants and used year-round for various outdoor events
Tennessee Memphis Main Street Mall, 3/4 of a mile (1200 m) 5000 Car free mixed-use district in the heart of the city
Texas Austin Sixth Street Traffic is generally blocked on East 6th Street and most crossroads from I-35 to Brazos Street on weekend evenings, and football home games (depending on pedestrian traffic), as well as holidays and special events, to allow the crowds to walk unfettered to the many venues that line the street.
Texas San Antonio River Walk Mixed-use development along the riverfront including apartments, retail, restaurants, a small market, and a waterfront pedestrian promenade; Entertainment and shopping district (similar to Venice, Italy-tourist boats)
Vermont Burlington Church Street Marketplace Pedestrianized main downtown shopping street, 4 car free blocks. Bicycles must be walked.
Virginia Charlottesville Pedestrian mall 120 shops, 30 restaurants, outdoor concert space in historic brick paved downtown area, free Trolley to University of Virginia grounds
Virginia Colonial Williamsburg 5 blocks plus side streets (from 09:00 to 17:00) 100 families of workers Restored Colonial-era village
Virginia Winchester Loudoun Street Mall Pedestrianized main downtown shopping street, 4 car free blocks.
Wisconsin Madison State Street 6 block car free retail street connecting the university and the capitol. Traditional street & sidewalk layout; the street is used by buses, bicycles, police cars, taxicabs, and numerous delivery (motor) vehicles; pedestrians and the occasional delivery vehicle (parked) on the sidewalks.
Wisconsin Rock Island entire Island 0 State park, ferry access from nearby Washington Island. No cars or bicycles allowed.


Location Area Population Character
Montevideo, Uruguay Peatonal Sarandí, 9 blocks N/A The Peatonal Sarandí is the main pedestrian street of Ciudad Vieja in Montevideo, Uruguay, and the most frequented tourist venue of the city. It starts from the Ciudadela, runs along Plaza Constitución (commonly called Plaza Matriz) and ends at the Rambla (the coastal avenue), at the eastern end of Ciudad Vieja. As an extension of this street is the long southern breakwater of the Port of Montevideo, which has taken on the name "Escollera Sarandí".


Car-free places in Africa outside of Morocco
Car-free places in Morocco
Location Area Population Character
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso City center 960,100 Until very recently (2004), most of the city saw very little cars on the street, and transport within the city basically consisted of the bicycle or by foot. This was because of the cities' urban planning (mostly boulevards planted on both sides with green trees or baobabs), yet presumably also because of the villager's low income. At present, more mechanized transport is seen on the streets such as motorcycles and small cars.[30]
Bonthe, Sierra Leone Entire City and Surrounding Island 10,206 Bonthe is a densely populated, compact coastal town and hosts the government's headquarters for the District of Bonthe, Southern Province. It is a former British colony, and all but three streets (Heddle Rd, Medina St, and King St) are only about 1 meter wide. Aside from some concrete portions of Heddle Rd, which also serves as a seawall, there is no tarmac in the town. Most people walk on the grid network of sandy footpaths to move about, but there are also about 100 bicycles and 10 motorbikes in the town. The town is served daily by passenger boats with a capacity of 50 persons or less from Matru Jong and Yagoi. These boats cannot accommodate cars.
Lamu, Kenya Entire Island Several thousand but exact population unknown. Lamu town is an old, Swahili settlement where only foot, cycle and donkey traffic is allowed.
Fes el Bali, Fez, Morocco The Medina of Fes-el-Bali 156,000 (2002), making it the most populated car free district in the world Fes-el-Bali, the larger of the two medinas of Fes, is a nearly intact medieval city. The entire medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, with 13,380 historic buildings since enumerated in the course of a thorough GIS survey of the medina. There are reputed to be 10,539 retail businesses in the medina, which remains a prime commercial center of the city of Fes (population about 1,000,000). Fes-el-Bali's medieval streets are entirely inaccessible by automobile. Only foot, cycle, donkey and cart traffic is even possible. A few access streets for emergency vehicles are being built.[31]
Fes-el-Jdid, Fez, Morocco The Medina of Fes-el-Jdid >100,000 Fes-el-Jdid was originally an extension of Fes-el-Bali, the larger of the two medinas of Fes, and therefore is structured very similarly. Alongside Fes-el-Bali, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, under the name 'Medina of Fez'. Fes-el-Jdid's streets tend to be narrower and less used than those of Jes-el-Bali, and similarly, only foot, cycle, donkey and cart traffic is seen within the medina.
Essaouira, Morocco The Medina of Essaouira (formerly Mogador) <77,000 (2014) The Medina of Essaouira, formerly called Mogador, is a well-looked-after walled city on the coast of Morocco, and was built in the 17th Century. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. While the medina's gates are wide enough to allow cars in, most of the narrow streets are inaccessible by car, and there is a ban on automobiles within the walls of the city. However, this rule is ignored by many, with mopeds being a fairly common sight and sound, and as a result, crashes involving pedestrians in the narrow streets are not uncommon. The few main streets wide enough to accommodate cars allow donkey and cart traffic as well as emergency vehicles, in addition to the bicycles and foot traffic permitted throughout the city.

The streets in Essaouira outside of the medina all accommodate for cars, being built far more recently.

Marrakesh, Morocco Marrakesh Souks Similarly to the other Moroccan cities on this list, only old sections of the city are car-free, namely the souks, or marketplaces located in the centre. The streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists, although it is not clear if motorcycles are permitted within the souks or not. The surrounding medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

The streets in Marrakesh outside of the souks, including some in the medinas, accommodate for cars.[32]

Meknes, Morocco The Medina of Meknes An aging walled city with narrow streets, Meknes Medina is car-free due to the fact that it is mostly inaccesible to cars. However, motorcycles, bicycles, pedestrians and even donkeys and carts can traverse it. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, under the name 'Historic City of Meknes', in 1996.

The streets in Meknes outside of the medina all accommodate for cars.

Casablanca, Morocco The Medina of Casablanca Similarly to the other Moroccan cities on this list, only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. The surrounding medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

The streets in Casablanca outside of the Medina all accommodate for cars.

Chaouen, Morocco The Medina of Chaouen <42,000 Similarly to the other Moroccan cities on this list, only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. The Medina is notably painted blue.

Most of the streets in Chaouen outside of the Medina, as well as a few within, accommodate for cars.

Tangier, Morocco The Medina of Tangier Similarly to the other Moroccan cities on this list, only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.

Most of the streets in Tangier outside of the Medina, as well as a few within, accommodate for cars.

Tripoli, Libya Old City The old city is the most popular tourist destination in Libya, it consists of large number of traditional shops, and a national museum.


Location Area Population Character
Almaty Zhibek Zholy Shopping and tourist area


Location Area Population Character
Tripoli Old City 100,000 The old city of Tripoli consists of narrow alleys and stairs that do not accommodate cars. In addition to the old city, a group of activists has launched a campaign "Towards a CAR-FREE city in Mina Tripoli".
Beirut Downtown Beirut N/A The area is filled with shops, restaurants and cafes.


Location Area Population Character
Phú Quốc Island 90,000 (2013)[33] largest island in the Gulf of Thailand. Officially car-free, and the regulation is largely respected.[34]


Location Area Population Character
Islands in the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea Several large and smaller island Thousands Several island are not accessible to cars, but the large ones may have motorbike tracks.


Location Area Population Character
Perhentian Islands two inhabited islands several thousand popular tourist destination


Location Area Population Character
Gili Islands Inhabited islands several thousand popular tourist destination


Location Area Population Character
Discovery Bay, Hong Kong Modern residential development set on the northeastern coast of Lantau Island 14,300 Private cars are prohibited on the road network in Discovery Bay; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents travel internally via the bus network or a controlled number of private golf carts; and commute externally via the ferry or external bus service which connects with the mass transit systems in Hong Kong.
Ma Wan, Hong Kong Entire island dominated by Park Island residential development 15,700 Private cars are prohibited on the island, which has road connections to the Lantau Link; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents commute externally via the ferry or external bus service which connects with the mass transit systems in Hong Kong.
Cheung Chau, Hong Kong Entire island 30,000 No full size automobiles allowed. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. Ferries take residents to the rest of Hong Kong.
Lamma Island, Hong Kong Third largest island in Hong Kong 6,000 No full size automobiles allowed, except for the area within the Hong Kong Electricity power station. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. Ferries take residents to and from the two largest settlements to the rest of Hong Kong.
Dayan Old Town, Lijiang City, Yunnan, China Tourist area of Lijiang City ? Cars are prohibited in this section of Lijiang; however, given the cobblestone paths, bridges and network of waterways, driving would be impossible anyway. Though tourism is the dominant economic activity, the residents here rely on foot, basket, and trike to keep the area functioning. Called the "Venice of the East" by some.
Gulangyu, Xiamen, Fujian, China Small Island near Xiamen 16000 All vehicles, including bicycles, are banned on the island, with some electric vehicles circulating for tourist transit and emergency services.


Location Area Population Character
Pontocho & Nishiki Market, Kyoto, Japan Central market district ? Three covered pedestrian streets (Nishiki, Teramachi, Shinkyogoku) and several open-air, pedestrian-only streets, including main food market and shopping streets.
Heiwa-dōri, Naha, Japan Off Kokusai Dori Network of open-air, pedestrian-only streets, featuring restaurants, bargain shops aimed at locals as well as tourist-oriented shops.
Tokyo, Japan Asakusa, Sensō-ji, Nakamise-dōri ? Pedestrian only shopping area in front of Sensoji temple.
Tokyo, Japan Harajuku, Takeshita Street ? Pedestrian only shopping district near Meiji Shrine and Harajuku station.
Ehime, Japan Aoshima 6 0,49 km2 Island, Paradise for catlovers
Nagasaki, Japan Saganoshima 161 3,18 km2 Island without personal cars, only public Minibus service
Kyoto, Japan Higashiyama District ? Preserved historic district near Kiyomizu-dera.


Location Area Population Character
Fazilka,[35] India City Centre Clock Tower 90,000 Established in the year 1844, Punjab State's First Planned town on Grid Iron Pattern, has a City Centre Clock Tower. In the year 2008, the city center main commercial area declared 'Car Free Zone'". Fazilka got the status of India's First Car Free City.
Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India Mall Road ? Automobiles, except emergency vehicles are not allowed on this road. Mall road is the main street of Shimla, a popular tourist spot in the town with a number of stores, cafes and restaurants.
Matheran, Maharashtra, India Hill Station 5,139 Automobiles are not allowed to keep the area pollution free.Residents and tourist both rely on horses or have to walk by foot. However the paths for walking being as wide as roads emergency vehicles like police cars, ambulances etc. are allowed.
Elephanta Island, Maharashtra, India Island 1,200 Automobiles are not allowed on island to keep the area pollution free. Residents and tourist reach island on boat and then have to walk by foot. There is small miniature train which takes tourists from pier to steps of historic caves.[36]


Shenkin Street
Nahalat Binyamin
Car-free places in Tel Aviv
Ben Yehuda Street
Old City
Car-free places in Jerusalem
Location Area Population Character
East Jerusalem Old City 35,000 Most of the old walled city is a maze of interesting alleys and narrow streets accessible only to foot traffic. Small motorised "mini-tractors" are permitted for goods delivery. Previously the area was truly car-free when donkeys were used for goods delivery, but they are now banned because of the associated hygiene problems.
Jerusalem, Israel Ben Yehuda Street N/A Part of this central thoroughfare was pedestrianized in the 1980s and has since become a major commercial center.
Tel Aviv, Israel Nahalat Binyamin Street 432,900 This is a pedestrianized street lined by shops and cafes, which hosts a weekly arts fair.
Tel Aviv, Israel Shenkin Street (from Allenby Street to Ahed HaAm) This is a pedestrianized street lined by shops and cafes, was closed to vehicular traffic in November 2011 and a Pedestrian Mall is under construction. Completion is expect by the Summer of 2012.
Tel Aviv, Israel Sarona An old German Templar colony restored into a car free, well groomed park, with shops, restaurants and kids playgrounds.

United Arab EmiratesEdit

Location Area Population Character
Masdar City, Abu Dhabi New, purpose-built sustainable city 75,000 Under construction in 2010, due to open in 2016. Home to the nation's new sustainability institute.


Location Area Population Character
Bhaktapur, Nepal Entire town Around 70,000 A brick-paved historical culture town and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Formally, motorized traffic is banned, but the law is not enforced. As a result, motorcycles and (to a lesser extent) larger vehicles are seen along the main streets.

New ZealandEdit

Location Area Population Character
Tokelau Pacific island 1466 permanent residents Although cars are allowed on the islands, due to its limited development, only 4 cars are present on the whole of the 4 islands.[37]


Location Area Population Character
Rundle Mall, Adelaide Section of Rundle Street, 320m long, in the heart of Adelaide's CBD. Largest urban pedestrian area in the southern hemisphere. No private or transit vehicles allowed, only the emergency or construction vehicles.
Rottnest Island, Western Australia Tourist island 300 permanent residents No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot, bicycle or the regular bus service.
Maria Island, Tasmania Tourist island 15 permanent residents No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot or bicycles. Park rangers are only permanent residents.
Shield & Lake Street, Cairns City Centre, Queensland Shopping area & Transit hub No private vehicles allowed in Shield Street area: intersects Lake Street (which allows all traffic). Bus lines run through Lake Street, bicycle stands throughout.
Esplanade, Cairns, Queensland Recreation & Transit hub No private vehicles allowed, dedicated cycling lanes & pedestrian boulevards, with a public swimming pool and multiple exercise stations. Transit hub for bus & marina.
Green Island, Queensland Tourist island & National Park 1 semi-permanent resident (park ranger) No cars allowed, helicopter access via helipad on southern side of the island, for transit and emergency access. Island contains a resort: majority of transport is on foot (few electric carts are used for emergencies and maintenance work).
Elizabeth Street Mall, Hobart, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Brisbane Street Mall, Launceston, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Rooke Street Mall, Devonport, Tasmania Shopping area. No cars allowed, all transport is on foot.
Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Tourist island 350 permanent residents A small number of resident permits, however most transport is on foot or bicycles.
Melbourne city centre (some areas) Bourke Street Mall and large number of city laneways including Block Arcade, Royal Arcade, Degraves Lane, QV, City Square and Federation Square. Home to growing residential population.[38][39] 20,000 permanent residents. Thousands of workers and tourists. No private cars, some exemptions for Swanston Street. Bicycles not allowed on Bourke Street Mall.
Civic Square, Canberra ACT Central shopping area from Civic Bus Interchange, all the way down to Glebe Park, Canberra. Includes Garema Place and Petrie Plaza. Until recently, Civic Bus Interchange was also a Shared Zone, however shared zone signs have now been removed and replaced with standard 20 km/h speed limit signs, thus removing right of way for pedestrians. No private cars. An area frequented by tourists, students and shoppers. Plenty of bike parking exists.
Queen Street Mall, Brisbane Queensland Central shopping area, connects with King George Square No private cars. Underground busway.
Sydney central business district (some areas) Central shopping area. Pitt Street Mall, Martin Place and tourist precinct Darling Harbour, New South Wales. Much of George Street, Sydney soon to become car-free.[40] Some ferries and trams.
Dangar Island, New South Wales Island. 303 No private cars allowed, most transport is on foot, bicycle or wheelbarrow.
Falls Creek, Victoria (winter only) Snowsports resort 252 Roads in the town area are closed to cars during the snow season, but open to snowmobiles and snowcats. Snowsport riders often use the roads to access pistes.

See alsoEdit


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  2. ^ a b "Urbanistički plan uređenja Zlarina" (PDF) (in Croatian). City of Šibenik. April 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  3. ^ "" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2014-05-29.
  4. ^ Carfree France
  5. ^ Carfree France
  6. ^ Carfree France
  7. ^ Carfree France
  8. ^ Carfree France
  9. ^ Carfree France
  10. ^ Carfree islands
  11. ^ "Un plan climat met Paris sur la voie de la neutralité carbone".
  12. ^ Monheim, R. (1997). "The Evolution from Pedestrian Areas to 'Car-free' City Centres in Germany". In Tolley, R. (ed.). The greening of urban transport : planning for walking and cycling in Western cities (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley. pp. 253–265.
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  14. ^ "THE CARFREE SETTING ON THE SAARLANDSTRASSE". autofreieswohnen (in German). Archived from the original on August 4, 2004.
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  20. ^ Barcelona city council webpage - data from 2007
  21. ^ "Members to vote on enlarged Chester pedestrian zone". Place North West. 12 February 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  22. ^ Mapa Turístico - Ilha Grande Archived 2009-01-23 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Bogotá's green revolution Archived 2007-03-21 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ The Politics of Happiness Archived 2006-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Una calle más para peatones del Centro Histórico - Animal Político". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  26. ^ What happened when Oslo decided to make its downtown basically car-free?
  27. ^ What happens when a city bans cars from its streets?
  28. ^ Oslo Is (Almost) Car-Free — And Likes It That Way
  29. ^ "Canal Walk". Visit Indy. Retrieved 2014-08-20.
  30. ^ The book of cities by Philip Dodd
  31. ^ by J.H. Crawford
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  36. ^ Elephanta island on Lonely Planet
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  38. ^ "Melbourne: A Pedestrian Paradise". Streetfilms.
  39. ^ The Age, January 27, 2010
  40. ^ "George Street - City of Sydney". Retrieved 2018-01-17.