List of car-free places

This is a list of car-free places, defined as an extended area where car access is prohibited or very limited.

A square in Venice, Italy, a large entirely car-free city.

ListEdit

  Most or all of the area is essentially car-free
  Large area that is nearly car-free
Country Location Type Area (km2) Approximate population Comments
Argentina La Cumbrecita, Córdoba Town hundreds A small secluded alpine-like village. Focused on eco-tourism, no paved roads, transport on foot.
Australia Rundle Mall, Adelaide City center Section of Rundle Street, 320m long, in the heart of Adelaide's central business district. Largest urban pedestrian area in the southern hemisphere. No private or transit vehicles allowed, only the emergency or construction vehicles.
Rottnest Island, Western Australia Island 19 300 No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot, bicycle or the regular bus service.
Maria Island, Tasmania Island 115.5 15 No cars allowed on island, all transport is on foot or bicycles. Park rangers are only permanent residents.
Green Island, Queensland Island 0.15 1 Tourist island and national park. No cars allowed, helicopter access via helipad on southern side of the island, for transit and emergency access. Island contains a resort: majority of transport is on foot (few electric carts are used for emergencies and maintenance work).
Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Island 14.55 350 A small number of resident permits, however most transport is on foot or bicycles.
Melbourne city centre (some areas) City center 20,000 Bourke Street Mall and large number of city laneways including Block Arcade, Royal Arcade, Degraves Lane, QV, City Square and Federation Square. Home to growing residential population.[1][2] No private cars, some exemptions for Swanston Street. Bicycles not allowed on Bourke Street Mall.
Queen Street Mall, Brisbane Queensland City center Central shopping area, connects with King George Square. No private cars. Underground busway.
Sydney central business district (some areas) City center Central shopping area. Pitt Street Mall, Martin Place and tourist precinct Darling Harbour, New South Wales. Much of George Street, Sydney.[3]
Dangar Island, New South Wales Island 0.29 303 No private cars allowed, most transport is on foot, bicycle or wheelbarrow.
Falls Creek, Victoria (winter only) Town 252 Snowsports resort. Roads in the town area are closed to cars during the snow season, but open to snowmobiles and snowcats. Snowsport riders often use the roads to access pistes.
Belgium Louvain-la-Neuve Town 29,521 University town. Surface is car-free. Streets and parking are below pedestrian streets
Ghent City center Second-largest car-free area in Belgium. Public transport, taxis and permit holders may enter but not exceed 20 km/h
Hasselt City center Most streets inside the "Groene Boulevard" are car-free or very low traffic.
Kortrijk City center First car-free shopping street in Belgium.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Baščaršija, Sarajevo City center The Old City is entirely free of motorized vehicles.
Brazil Ilha do Mel, Paraná, Brazil Island 3.93 Small island offshore of Paranaguá, entirely car-free. All goods and materials are carted around by big wheel barrows. The economy is traditionally fishing but ecotourism is now a big part of economy. 95% of island is now an ecological reserve. Villages are connected by 2 meter wide sandy walking paths
Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Island 193 5,000 Large car-free island off the coast of the state, part of Angra dos Reis municipality. Only allowed vehicles are bicycles, tractors and rentable jeeps.
Paquetá Island, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Island 7,000 Car-free island in Guanabara Bay, an hour by ferry from downtown Rio. Residents ride bikes, which they park along the curbs of the island's tamped sand streets. In the south portion of the island, Danke de Mattos Park is cycle-free.
China Discovery Bay, Hong Kong City district 14,300 Modern residential development set on the northeastern coast of Lantau Island. Private cars are prohibited, however buses, delivery vehicles, and vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents travel internally by bus or a controlled number of private golf carts, and commute externally via the ferry or by bus.
Ma Wan, Hong Kong Island 0.97 15,700 Private cars are prohibited on the island, which has road connections to the Lantau Link; however buses and delivery vehicles as well as vehicles owned by the developer are allowed. Residents commute externally via the ferry or by bus.
Cheung Chau, Hong Kong Island 2.46 30,000 No full size automobiles allowed. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. The island is connected by ferries to the rest of Hong Kong.
Lamma Island, Hong Kong Island 13.55 6,000 Third largest island in Hong Kong. No full size automobiles allowed, except for the area within the Hong Kong Electricity power station. A few miniature emergency vehicles exist as do small utilitarian vehicles. Residents walk, via an extensive and well-maintained network of trails. The island is connected by ferries to the rest of Hong Kong.
Dayan Old Town, Lijiang City, Yunnan, China City center Cars are prohibited in this section of Lijiang. Given the cobblestone paths, bridges and network of waterways, driving would be impossible anyway. Though tourism is the dominant economic activity, the residents rely on foot, basket, and trike to keep the area functioning.
Gulangyu, Xiamen, Fujian, China Island 3.16 16,000 Small Island near Xiamen. All vehicles, including bicycles, are banned on the island, with some electric vehicles circulating for tourist transit and emergency services.
Costa Rica Parismina, Limón Town 600 Small coastal village has no paved roads and one tractor for trash collection.
Tortuguero, Limón Town 500 A small village located near the Tortuguero National Park, it is located on a small "island" that is bordered on one side by the ocean and on the other by a river canal. The island is only accessible by boat or airplane.
Croatia Dubrovnik City center Old walled city nearly car-free
Rovinj City center The old town is reported to be largely or entirely car-free
Split City center Diocletian's Palace and adjoining areas to the west are free of cars.
Zlarin Island 8.19 276 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed.[4] Several electrically powered golf carts are also used.[4]
Prvić Island 2.37 453 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are also used.
Koločep Island 2.3 120-200 Approximately two electrically powered golf carts are used apart from a few mopeds.
Silba Island 15 292 Only service vehicles and tractors are allowed. Mailman also uses a moped.[5]
Denmark Ertholmene, Bornholm Island 96 Passenger car-free ferry arrive to there, from Bornholm.
Fiji Kadavu[6] Island 411 10,167 (2007)
Finland Suomenlinna Island 0.8 850 car-free fortress in Helsinki, service traffic allowed.
France Mont Saint-Michel Island 4 60 Car-free fortress/abbey
Île-d'Aix Island 1.19 219 [7]
Île de Porquerolles, near Toulon Island 12.54 5,000 (summers)[citation needed] Resort. Island is car-lite and many areas car-free. Non-residents are not allowed to have cars.
Île de Sein, Bretagne Island 0.58 214 (summer: 1,500) [8]
Île de Bréhat, Bretagne Island 3.09 444 [9]
Île de Hoedic, Bretagne Island 2.08 111 [10]
Île de Houat, Bretagne Island 2.91 311 [11]
Île de Batz, Bretagne Island 3.05 594
Île-Molène, Bretagne Island 0.75 211 [12]
Archipel du Frioul, near Marseille Archipelago 4 86 [13]
Île d'Yeu, Vendée City center 5,000 (summer: 40,000) Large car-free center
Port Grimaud City center Resort
Germany Freiburg im Breisgau City center 10,000 Large car-free center (610 x 720 m). Medieval university town. Minimal car traffic is permitted on some streets. Trams provide access. Progressively pedestrianised since 1971.[14] Widely seen as a pioneer of "car-free"/people oriented development.
Former US-Army area/Hartmannstrasse, Erlangen City district 2,000 Car parking concentrated in some multi-storey car parks
Bonhoefferweg-Siedlung, Erlangen City district 200 Car parking outside the residential area
Frauenchiemsee Island 0.15 300 Island in lake Chiemsee, historic abbey
Heligoland Island 1.7 1,650 North Sea Island. In addition to cars, bicycles are banned.
Baltrum Island 6.5 510 East Frisian Island
Spiekeroog Island 18.25 730
Langeoog Island 19.67 1,970
Wangerooge Island 7.94 1,180
Juist Island 16.43 1,790
Hiddensee Island 19.02 1,200 Baltic Sea Island
Gröde Island 2.52 10 North Frisian Islands
Nordstrandischmoor Island 1.9 22
Greece Hydra Island 50 3,000 No motorized vehicles on the entire island
Lindos/Rhodes Town Motorized traffic impossible due to narrow streets
Greece Mount Athos Peninsula 1,400 Motorized traffic of non residents is prohibited. Local traffic is extremely limited with only some vehicles used by the monastic community for essential communication, and transportation needs
Hungary Margaret Island, Budapest Island 0.97 3 Entry by cars forbidden except for a single bus line and taxis; service traffic of local stores and restaurants are allowed to enter
India Elephanta Island, Maharashtra, India Island 16 1,200 Automobiles are not allowed on island to keep the area pollution free. Residents and tourist reach island on boat and then have to walk by foot. There is small miniature train which takes tourists from pier to steps of historic caves.[15]
Indonesia Gili Islands Archipelago 15 thousands popular tourist destination
Siberut[16] Island 3,810 35,091 (2010)
Seribu Archipelago 8.7 21,864 (2010)
North Pagai Island 622.3 14,743 (2010)
Palu'e Island 41 9,553 (2010)
Palestinian territory Old City, East Jerusalem City district 35,000 Most of the old walled city is a maze of alleys and narrow streets accessible only to foot traffic. Small motorised "mini-tractors" are permitted for goods delivery. Previously the area was truly car-free when donkeys were used for goods delivery, but they are now banned because of the associated hygiene problems.
Italy Venice Island 5.17 50,000 City built on many islands connected by bridges. Entire city is completely car-free, except at the bus station square. Transport on foot or by water
Giudecca Island 0.59 5,000 Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon
Murano Island 1.17 5,000 Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon
Burano Island 0.21 2,777 Group of islands linked by bridges in the Venetian lagoon
Capri Island Eastern part of the island, about 20% of overall area is carfree. Island resort, car-free area includes the main city centre with shopping roads and major high-class hotels
Chamois Town 96
Monte Isola Island 1,768
Japan Aoshima Island 0.49 6
Saganoshima Island 3.18 161 No personal cars, only public minibus service
Kenya Lamu Island thousands Lamu town is an old, Swahili settlement where only foot, cycle and donkey traffic is allowed.
Lebanon Tripoli City center The old city of Tripoli consists of narrow alleys and stairs that do not accommodate cars.
Libya Tripoli City center The old city is the most popular tourist destination in Libya, it consists of large number of traditional shops, and a national museum.
Malawi Likoma Island 18 9,000 (2001)
Malaysia Perhentian Islands Archipelago 15.35 thousands popular tourist destination
Mexico Holbox Island 1,486 Only sand roads with golf carts and very few cars
Mexcaltitán de Uribe Island 818 The island is completely car-free. Access is by small boats.
Xochimilco Archipelago Dozens of islands, some densely urbanized, in Laguna del Toro, San Lorenzo, La Santísima, and Xaltocan. There is no access to most islands of Xochimilco by car, though pedestrian bridges or informal ferry services exist to most of the urbanized islands.[citation needed]
Morocco Fes el Bali, Fes City district 2.2 156,000 (2002) Larger of the two medinas of Fes, it is a nearly intact medieval city. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981. Its medieval streets are entirely inaccessible by automobile. A few access streets for emergency vehicles are being built.[17] It is the most populated car-free district in the world.[citation needed]
Fes Jdid, Fes City district 100,000 Fes-el-Jdid was originally an extension of Fes-el-Bali, the larger of the two medinas of Fes, and therefore is structured very similarly. Alongside Fes-el-Bali, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981, under the name 'Medina of Fez'. Fes-el-Jdid's streets tend to be narrower and less used than those of Jes-el-Bali, and similarly, only foot, cycle, donkey and cart traffic is seen within the medina.
Medina of Essaouira City district 77,000 (2014) Formerly called Mogador, it is a walled city on the coast of Morocco built in the 17th Century. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001. Most of the narrow streets are inaccessible by car, and there is a ban on cars within the walls of the city. However, this rule is ignored by many. The few main streets wide enough to accommodate cars allow donkey and cart traffic as well as emergency vehicles.
Souks, Marrakesh City district Only old sections of the city are car-free, namely the souks, or marketplaces located in the centre. The streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. The surrounding medina was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.[18]
Medina of Meknes City district A walled city with narrow streets, Meknes Medina is car-free since it is mostly inaccesible to cars. Motorcycles, bicycles, pedestrians and carts can traverse it. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, under the name 'Historic City of Meknes', in 1996.
Medina of Casablanca City district The streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
Medina of Chefchaouen City district 42,000 Only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.
Medina of Tangier City district Only the medina in the city is car-free, as the streets are only narrow enough for pedestrians, cyclists or motorcyclists.
Nepal Khumbu Town 9,000 Khumbu valley. Transport by foot or animals
New Zealand Tokelau Island 10 1,466 Although cars are allowed on the islands, due to its limited development, only 4 cars are present on the whole of the 4 islands.[19]
Nicaragua Little Corn Island Island 495 Small Caribbean island with no roads, only footpaths. The island is accessible by taking a motorboat at Big Corn Island.
Solentiname Archipelago 38 1,000 Several islands in Lake Nicaragua - access by boat only no cars on the islands
Netherlands Giethoorn City center 2,500 Transport by canal boat, bicycle or by foot in this area
Orvelte Town 230 This is a town and museum in one. The 230 residents live inside the museum village. Parking is on the outskirts of the village.
Philippines Talim[20] Island 26 39,283 (2010)
Capul Island 35.56 12,659 (2010)
Maripipi Island 27.83 6,699 (2010)
Portugal Óbidos Town 3,100 Medieval walled hill town (now tourist area); only residents permitted to drive into the town, although cars are a nuisance
Senegal Fadiouth[21] Island 0.12 10,000 (2007)
Sierra Leone Bonthe Town and surrounding island[clarification needed][citation needed] 10,206 Bonthe is a densely populated, compact coastal town and hosts the government's headquarters for the District of Bonthe, Southern Province. It is a former British colony, and all but three streets (Heddle Rd, Medina St, and King St) are only about 1 meter wide. Aside from some concrete portions of Heddle Rd, which also serves as a seawall, there is no tarmac in the town. The town is served daily by passenger boats with a capacity of 50 persons or less from Matru Jong and Yagoi. These boats cannot accommodate cars.
Slovenia Ljubljana City center Slow-moving taxis ("Kavalir") provide free rides for the elderly, pregnant people, and others.
Spain Málaga City center 0.0039 Moorish and 19th-century historic center. Car-free and limited access streets
Bilbao City center Casco Viejo (Old Town) district has narrow streets with limited car access
Vitoria-Gasteiz City center Medieval quarter and 19th-century center. Most of the old walled city, as well as most of the "Ensanche" streets are car-free
Laguardia Town
Switzerland Zermatt Town 5,687 car-free Alpine resort with prototype "Utility Area" at the entrance; slow electric taxis and freight vehicles used, although these are sometimes driven at higher speeds
Bettmeralp Town Alpine resort, sometimes considerable traffic of utility vehicles
Braunwald Town 398 Alpine resort
Riederalp Town 555
Rigi Town Mountain resort, some utility vehicles
Saas-Fee Town 1,607 Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles
Stoos Town Alpine resort; small electric utility vehicles, mainly from the resorts hotels.
Wengen Town 1,400 Alpine resort
Mürren Town 450 Alpine resort; some utility traffic
Gimmelwald Town 130 Small village
Tanzania Tumbatu Island 91 9,450 (2002)
Thailand Islands in the Gulf of Thailand and Andaman Sea[clarification needed] Archipelago thousands Several island are not accessible to cars, but the large ones may have motorbike tracks.[citation needed]
Turkey Büyükada Island 5.4 7,320 Almost entirely car-free.
Heybeliada Island 2.4 3,000
Burgazada Island 1.5 1,500
Kınalıada Island 1.3 1,500
Channel Islands Island of Sark Island 5.44 492 Entirely car-free (only motorized vehicles are tractors)
Island of Herm Island 2 60 Cars and bicycles are both banned (quad bikes are allowed, but only for maintenance)
United Kingdom York City center Part of the city centre is car-free (approximately 400 x 400 m) during the day. Restricted access for deliveries; disabled car access and parking is maintained.
Leeds City center Entire city centre shopping district centred on Briggate (approximately 400 x 400 m). Pedestrian precinct (access for delivery to some areas is allowed).
Clovelly Town 1,600 Village in North Devon
Easdale Island 59 Entirely car-free
Cardiff City center Most of Central Cardiff is car-free (approximately 500x500m), including Queen Street, The Hayes, High Street and parts of St Mary Street. Around 2.7 km of connected pedestrian streets. There are also several arcades (covered streets) in the city centre.
United States Beaver River, New York Town 8 Small hamlet, also lacking electric power, at east end of Stillwater Reservoir in the Adirondacks can only be reached by hiking trail, boat or electric rail car; in winter, only overland access is possible. One of only two permanently inhabited places in the entire Eastern United States inaccessible by road.
Fire Island, New York Island 491 (summer: 15,000) Most of the island is accessible only by passenger ferries, or by foot or bicycle from the parking lot at the western end (which is reachable by a cars-only bridge); wagons used for transport. Residents can get car access permits for non-summer months. The community of Cherry Grove has boardwalk streets only five feet wide and is completely inaccessible to conventional motor vehicles. It is one of the most populous truly car-free area in the United States.
Governors Island, New York Island 0 Cars and trucks are only allowed for specific purposes. Electric golf carts and minibuses are in limited use by park staff and contractors. Bicycles and human-powered quad vehicles are allowed and available for rent. Access is via ferry or private, human-powered boat.
Rock Island, Wisconsin Island 0 State park, ferry access from nearby Washington Island. No cars or bicycles allowed.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Melbourne: A Pedestrian Paradise". Streetfilms.
  2. ^ The Age, January 27, 2010
  3. ^ "George Street - City of Sydney". www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  4. ^ a b "Urbanistički plan uređenja Zlarina" (PDF) (in Croatian). City of Šibenik. April 2009. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
  5. ^ "silba.aventin.hr" (in Croatian). Retrieved 2014-05-29.
  6. ^ Top 10 Laid-back Islands without Cars
  7. ^ Carfree France
  8. ^ Carfree France
  9. ^ Carfree France
  10. ^ Carfree France
  11. ^ Carfree France
  12. ^ Carfree France
  13. ^ Carfree islands
  14. ^ Monheim, R. (1997). "The Evolution from Pedestrian Areas to 'Car-free' City Centres in Germany". In Tolley, R. (ed.). The greening of urban transport : planning for walking and cycling in Western cities (2nd ed.). Chichester: Wiley. pp. 253–265.
  15. ^ Elephanta island on Lonely Planet
  16. ^ Conserving and Valuing Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity: Economic, Institutional and Social Challenges, Livre numérique Google, page 117, 2012
  17. ^ carfree.com by J.H. Crawford
  18. ^ carfree.com by J.H. Crawford
  19. ^ "Tokelau looks to independence". The Sunday Star-Times. October 21, 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2011.
  20. ^ Talim Island
  21. ^ Fadiouth, l’île aux coquillages