Kathleen Byerly

Kathleen Mae Bruyere (née Donahue, previously Byerly; 5 February 1944 – 3 September 2020) was a captain in the United States Navy. She was one of the twelve women named by Time magazine as Time Person of the Year in 1975, representing American women (at the height of the feminist movement). In May 1975, she became the first female officer in the Navy to serve as the flag secretary to an admiral commanding an operational staff. In 1977, Byerly was one of six officers who sued the United States Secretary of the Navy and the United States Secretary of Defense over their being restricted from serving on combat aircraft and ships. This led to the 1948 Women's Armed Services Integration Act being struck down as unconstitutional.

Kathleen M. Bruyere
CDR Kathleen M. Byerly, USN.jpg
Bruyere as a commander
Birth nameKathleen Mae Donahue
Other name(s)Kathleen Mae Byerly
Born(1944-02-05)5 February 1944
Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.
Died3 September 2020(2020-09-03) (aged 76)
San Diego, California, U.S.
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUS Department of the Navy patch.png United States Navy
Years of service1966–1994
RankUS-O6 insignia.svg Captain

Early lifeEdit

Kathleen Mae Donahue was born in Norfolk, Virginia, on 5 February 1944,[1] the oldest of six children of Joseph Donahue, an Army officer, and his wife Lucille née Alessandroni. She had four brothers: Joseph, Paul, Timothy and Matthew, and a sister, Lucia. The family moved frequently as her father moved from assignment to assignment in the United States, Germany and Greece. She attended Trenton Catholic High School while her father was stationed at Fort Dix, but completed her high school education in Germany. She entered Chestnut Hill College, from which she graduated in 1966.[2]

Navy careerEdit

Following graduation, she joined the United States Navy. In 1968, she married Kellie Byerly, a fellow naval officer. Most women resigned on getting married, but she defied the convention of the time and remained on active duty.[2] In May 1975, she held the rank of lieutenant commander, and was a Navy executive and aide to Rear Admiral Allen E. Hill. She was the first female officer in the Navy to serve as the flag secretary to an admiral commanding an operational staff.[3][4] Byerly was one of the twelve women named by Time magazine as Time Person of the Year for 1975,[5][6] and featured on the cover.[7] While WAVES had served on flag officers' staffs before, her role was far more important. She headed the admiral's staff, and had the responsibility for dealing with the nine Pacific training commands.[4]

In 1977, Byerly was one of six officers who sued the United States Secretary of the Navy and the United States Secretary of Defense, arguing that their prospects for promotion had been unfairly limited by their inability to go to sea on ships.[7] Under the 1948, Women's Armed Services Integration Act, the service secretaries had the right to discharge women without cause, and women were restricted from flying combat aircraft or serving on ships that might one day have to engage in combat. One of her fellow plaintiffs, a pilot, was told that she could deliver supplies to a ship, but not land on it.[8] In 1978, United States District Judge John Sirica ruled that the law was unconstitutional, clearing the way for women to serve.[7] The ruling opened up 9,000 jobs at sea to women.[2] Perhaps as importantly, it gave women the opportunity to command ships.[8]

Byerly did not get to serve on a warship, but she was eventually promoted to captain.[8] She became the special assistant to the Chief of Naval Operations for women's policy, and helped prepare a 1987 study on sexism and career opportunities for women in the Navy. The following year she became the New York Recruiting District's first ever female executive officer. While there she met Thomas Bruyere, another fellow naval officer. She divorced her first husband and married Bruyere in 1988. Through her second marriage, she acquired three stepsons.[7][2] In June 1991, she assumed command of the Orlando Naval Training Center in Orlando, Florida. It had been criticized for the manner in which it had handled allegations of rape and sexual harassment, and it was slated for closure. Under her command, training of its 30,000 enlistees a year was integrated.[7][8]

Later lifeEdit

Bruyere retired from the Navy in 1994 and moved to Chula Vista, California. She cared for her husband, who had Parkinson's disease, until his death in 2009.[2] She was on the boards of the local chapters of the Parkinson's Association, the Alzheimer's Association, the George G. Glenner Center for Memory Care and Caregiver Support, and the Military Officers Association of America.[7] She died from cancer in Paradise Valley Hospital in San Diego on 3 September 2020. Her remains were interred in Miramar National Cemetery,[2] where she had worked for many years as a volunteer.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Capt. Bruyere (1944 - 2020) - Obituary". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Hanna, Maddie (11 September 2020). "Navy captain Kathleen Bruyere, who won the right for women to serve at sea, has died". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 12 September 2020 – via Task & Purpose.
  3. ^ Ebbert, Jean; Hall, Marie-Beth (1993). Crossed currents: Navy women from WWI to Tailhook. Potomac Books. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-02-881022-5.
  4. ^ a b Sutton, Carol (5 January 1976). "National Affairs: A Dozen Who Made a Difference". Time. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Women of the Year: Great Changes, New Chances, Tough Choices". Time. 3 January 1976. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  6. ^ "12 Women Of The Year Named By Time Magazine". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. 29 December 1975. p. 14. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Correll, Diana Stancy (11 September 2020). "Retired Navy captain and trailblazer for women's equality in the service dies at 76". Navy Times. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Shaffner, Holly (March 2020). "Trailblazer". San Diego Veterans. pp. 16–17. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Honoring those who honor the fallen all year round". The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved 12 September 2020.