John Scott (died 1485)

Sir John Scott (or Scot) (c. 1423 – 17 October 1485) of Scot's Hall in Smeeth was a Kent landowner, and committed supporter of the House of York. Among other offices, he served as Comptroller of the Household to Edward IV, and lieutenant to the Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.

Sir John Scott (died 1485), detail from a family pedigree commissioned c.1615 by his descendant Sir John Scott (1570–1616)
Sir John Scott (died 1485), detail from a family pedigree commissioned c.1615 by his descendant Sir John Scott (1570–1616). The shield at top left displays Scott impaling Beaufitz, representing his marriage. The shield below shows Scott impaling Lewknor, for his son's marriage. The two arms at far right are Pympe (Gules, two bars argent a chief vair), which features lower in the pedigree
Arms of Scott: Argent, three Catherine Wheels sable a bordure gules
Arms of Sir John Scott (d.1485), Christchurch Gate, Buttermarket, Canterbury Cathedral. He was Sheriff of Kent in 1460.[1]

FamilyEdit

John Scott was the son of William Scott (d. 1434) and Isabel Finch (died c. 1457), youngest daughter of Vincent Finch, or Herbert, of Netherfield, Sussex.[2] Following his father's death, his mother Isabel married Sir Gervase Clifton as his first wife.[citation needed]

He had a younger brother, William Scott (1428(?) – 1491), who married a wife named Margery, by whom he had six sons and two daughters, and was founder of the Essex branch of the Scott family.[2]

He also had a sister, Joan Scot (d. 1507), who married firstly Thomas Yarde of Denton Court, Kent and secondly Sir Henry Grey of Heton. Joan's daughter, Anne Yarde married Thomas Heveningham of Suffolk.[citation needed]

CareerEdit

Scott was appointed to commissions in Kent from 1450 onwards, and with Sir John Fogge and Robert Horn expended in excess of £333 in the suppression of Jack Cade's uprising in that year. By 1456 he was an esquire Henry VI. He was appointed a Justice of the Peace in Kent in 1458, an office he held until his death, and was Sheriff of Kent in 1460.[2]

The 'turning point' in Scott's career, according to Fleming, 'came in June 1460, when, with Fogge and Horn, he gave support to the Yorkist earls that proved crucial to their success in Kent'. Within a year of the accession of Edward IV, Scott was rewarded with annuities, a knighthood, the office of tronage and pesage in the port of London, and appointments as joint Chirographer of the Common Pleas, deputy butler of Sandwich, lieutenant of Dover under Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, 'the Kingmaker', and Comptroller of the Household. In 1462, as a result of the attainders of John de Vere, 12th Earl of Oxford, and Thomas, 9th Baron Ros of Helmsley (d.1464), he was granted custody of Oxford's lands, as well as the reversion of lands which were the jointure of Baron Ros's widow, Margery [sic?], including the castle and manor of Chilham and the manors of Wilderton and Molash. In 1463 he was granted the manors of Old Swinford and Snodsbury in Worcestershire, in the hands of the crown by the attainder of the Earl of Wiltshire, and was among those entrusted with supervision of all 'wardships, marriages, and ecclesiastical temporalities' which had fallen to the crown.[2]

In 1466 he purchased the marriage of Sir Edward Poynings, son and heir of Sir Robert Poynings (d.1461), and in the following year was granted custody of Sir Robert Poynings' lands in Kent.[2]

He also served as Chamberlain to Edward, Prince of Wales,[citation needed] and was a Member of Parliament for Kent in 1467.[2]

In September 1467 he assisted in negotiations for the marriage of Edward IV's sister, Margaret of York, to Charles the Bold, and accompanied Margaret to her wedding in Burgundy in the following year. In November 1467 he negotiated a commercial treaty with Burgundy at Brussels, and from May 1469 to February 1470 was involved in commercial negotiations with the Hanseatic League in Flanders.[2]

In April 1470 he was appointed lieutenant of the Cinque Ports, and by March 1472 was Marshal of Calais. In 1473 and 1474 he travelled to Burgundy, Utrecht and Bruges on diplomatic missions.[2]

It seems likely that he went into exile during the readeption, but returned to England to fight at the Battle of Barnet in April 1471, and assist in the suppression of Fauconberg's rebellion in May of that year.[2]

In February 1473 he and others were appointed tutors to Edward IV's son, the Prince of Wales. After Edward IV's death, he was loyal to Richard III, 'at least until the end of 1484'.[2]

Scott died 17 October 1485, and was buried, by his instructions, in the north wall of the chancel of St. Mary's church, Brabourne. He left a will dated 18 October 1485, proved 18 January 1486.[3] His widow had died by 4 July 1487, and was also buried at St Mary's, Brabourne. She left a will dated 25 March 1487.[4]

An uncle, also one 'Sir John Scot of Scott's Hall', born at Brabourne, had been Lieutenant of Dover Castle from 1399 to his death in 1413. He had also served as Member of Parliament for Hythe in Kent from 1384.[citation needed]

Marriage and issueEdit

 
Arms of Beaufitz: Argent, a saltire engrailed gules between four ravens proper

Scott married Agnes Beaufitz (d.1486/7), daughter and co-heiress of William Beaufitz of The Grange, Gillingham, Kent, and likely also a fishmonger of London, by whom he had a son and two daughters:[5][2][6][7]

  • Sir William Scott (d. 24 August 1524), who married Sibyl Lewknor.
  • Isabel or Elizabeth Scott (d. 15 August 1528), whom Sir John Scott married to his ward, Sir Edward Poynings. There is a memorial brass to her in St Mary's church, Brabourne.[8]
  • Margaret Scott (d.1514), who married, as his second wife, Sir Edmund Bedingfield (1443–1496).[9]

From the 16th century onwards Thomas Rotherham, Archbishop of York, was also known by the alternate surname 'Scot', and it has been speculated that he was a younger son of Sir John Scott and Agnes Beaufitz. However this claim is said to have been disproved.[10][11][12]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Heraldic Notices of Canterbury Cathedral;: With Genealogical and ... By Thomas Willement, p.33[1]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Fleming 2004.
  3. ^ Scott 1876, pp. 118–23.
  4. ^ Scott 1876, pp. 123–7.
  5. ^ Richardson IV 2011, pp. 1–2.
  6. ^ Ellis 2004.
  7. ^ Berry 1830, p. 310.
  8. ^ Scott 1876, p. 46.
  9. ^ Scott 1876, p. 122.
  10. ^ Horrox 2004.
  11. ^ Berry, William, County Genealogies; Pedigrees of the Families of the County of Sussex, (London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper), 1830 p. 310 Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  12. ^ Bennett, Henry Leigh, Archbishop Rotherham, (Lincoln: J.W. Ruddock, 1901), pp. 6–7 Retrieved 18 September 2013.

ReferencesEdit

  • Berry, William (1830). County Genealogies; Pedigrees of the Families of the County of Sussex. London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper. p. 310. Retrieved 18 September 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ellis, Steven G. (2004). "Poynings, Sir Edward (1459–1521)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/22683. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Fleming, Peter (2004). "Scott family (per. c.1400–c.1525)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/54537. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Horrox, Rosemary (2004). "Rotherham , Thomas (1423–1500)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24155. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
  • Scott, James Renat (1876). Memorials of the Family of Scott, of Scot’s-Hall, in the County of Kent. London: Simmonds & Botten. Retrieved 18 September 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • "Scott, William (d.1350)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

External linksEdit