John Forster (Chief Justice)

John Forster (1668 – 2 July 1720) was an Irish lawyer politician and judge.

BackgroundEdit

Forster was born in Dublin, the son of Richard Forster and his wife Anne Webber. His father sat in the Irish House of Commons for Swords and came from a family long associated with the Dublin business community.

CareerEdit

Forster served as Recorder of Dublin from 1701 to 1714, and represented Dublin City in the Irish House of Commons from 1703 to 1715. He was Solicitor-General for Ireland in 1709 and Attorney-General for Ireland from Christmas Eve 1709 to 1711, before being raised to the Bench as Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas on 20 September 1714.[1]

In 1713 he took part in the hotly contested Irish General Election and his constituency was the scene of the Dublin election riot.

Elrington Ball described Forster as "a sound lawyer and impressive speaker" but lacking in political judgment.[2] Like Alan Brodrick, 1st Viscount Midleton, his mentor, he was stubborn and hot-tempered. His tenure as Recorder of Dublin saw a major conflict between the aldermen of Dublin and the Privy Council; Forster was entirely on the side of the aldermen, and for this he was violently attacked by Jonathan Swift and other critics. These attacks undoubtedly took their toll, and it is believed he exchanged the Recordership for the position of Chief Justice on the understanding that the more senior position would in practice be less onerous than the Recordership.

FamilyEdit

Forster married firstly Rebecca Monck, daughter of Henry Monck of St. Stephens Green, Dublin and his wife Sarah, daughter and heiress of Sir Thomas Stanley of Grangegorman, by whom he had at least three children, Richard, Anne and Elizabeth.

He married secondly Dorothy Evans, daughter of George Evans and Mary Eyre, and sister of George Evans, 1st Baron Carbery. They had a daughter, Dorothy.

His son Richard married Elizabeth Geering in 1721, and died in 1738. His daughter Anne married the celebrated philosopher George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne; her sister Elizabeth married Rev. Robert Spence, and the youngest child Dorothy married Thomas Burton.

He died following a stroke at his home, Clonshagh, Santry.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Haydn, Joseph Book of Dignities
  2. ^ Ball, F. Elrington The Judges in Ireland 1221-1921 John Murray, London 1926
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
William Handcock
Sir John Rogerson
Member of Parliament for Dublin City
1703–1715
With: Benjamin Burton
Succeeded by
John Rogerson
Benjamin Burton
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir William Handcock
Recorder of Dublin
1701–1714
Succeeded by
John Rogerson
Preceded by
Sir Richard Levinge
Solicitor General for Ireland
1709
Succeeded by
William Whitshed
Preceded by
Alan Brodrick
Attorney General for Ireland
1709–1711
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Levinge
Preceded by
Sir Robert Doyne
Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas
1714–1720
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Levinge
Political offices
Preceded by
Alan Brodrick
Speaker of the Irish House of Commons
1710–1713
Succeeded by
Alan Brodrick