Five Directorates

Five Directorates is a general term referring to the 5 service agencies in the central government during the Sui, Tang, and Song dynasties, other than the Nine Courts.

Five Directorates
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

The Five Directorates included:


  • Hucker, Charles O. (1985). A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford University Press. p. 569.