Basal plate (neural tube)

In the developing nervous system, the basal plate is the region of the neural tube ventral to the sulcus limitans. It extends from the rostral mesencephalon to the end of the spinal cord and contains primarily motor neurons, whereas neurons found in the alar plate are primarily associated with sensory functions. The cell types of the basal plate include lower motor neurons and four types of interneuron.[1]

Basal plate
Diagram to illustrate the alar and basal laminæ of brain vesicles.
Human embryo 8 weeks 9.JPG
Basal plate
PrecursorNeural tube
Gives rise toLower motor neurons, interneurons
SystemNervous system
Latinlamina ventrolateralis; lamina basalis
Anatomical terminology

Initially, the left and right sides of the basal plate are continuous, but during neurulation they become separated by the floor plate, and this process is directed by the notochord. Differentiation of neurons in the basal plate is under the influence of the protein Sonic hedgehog released by ventralizing structures, such as the notochord and floor plate.[1]


  1. ^ a b Bruce M. Carlson (2004). Human Embryology and Developmental Biology (2nd ed.). Saint Louis, MO: Mosby. ISBN 0-323-03649-X.
  • John A. Kiernan (2005). Barr's the Human Nervous System: An Anatomical Viewpoint (8th ed.). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-5154-3.

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