Athens Confederate Monument

The Athens Confederate Monument is a Confederate memorial that was formerly located in the median strip of Broad Street in the Downtown Local Historic District of Athens, Georgia, United States.[1] It is a Carrara marble obelisk mounted on a granite foundation engraved with names of the city's soldiers who were killed during the American Civil War. It has been dismantled and is in the process of being re-erected in a location near Barber Creek.

Athens Confederate Monument
ConfederateMonumentAthensGA.jpg
The monument in 2007
Year1872 (1872)
Medium
LocationAthens, Georgia, U.S.

DescriptionEdit

The monument is made up of two different sections, an obelisk made of Carrara marble that has six shafts, and a granite base. Only the marble obelisk is engraved. The names of white Confederate soldiers from Athens who were killed during the Civil War are inscribed on the marble. A veteran of the war called for the names to be arranged in alphabetical order rather than by rank so none of their deaths would be perceived as greater than the others, but his request was left unfulfilled.[2] The master of a local Masonic Lodge, William King, included a time capsule in the monument's cornerstone. The time capsule, which according to an interview with William King contains Confederate memorabilia and a list of Athens Freemasons, was removed after the monument's most recent relocation.[3]

HistoryEdit

The monument was one of the first monuments to the casualties of the American Civil War to be raised in the South after its conclusion.[4] Construction of the monument began on May 5, 1871, and was completed on June 3, 1872, at the cost of $4,444.44 (about $933,000 in 2020) raised by the Ladies' Memorial Association from the residents of the city, though another professor at the university, Akela Reason, proposed that it was actually funded by the city's wealthy men because "it would have been easier for women to build a memorial mourning the dead than for men to build one in defiance."[5] It has been moved twice since it was first erected at the intersection of College Avenue and Washington Street. It was first moved north one block in the center of College Avenue, but was relocated again in 1912 when it caused congestion there. It then stood in the median of Broad Street until August 10, 2020.[2][6]

2020 relocationEdit

Discussions by the city and local activists to remove the monument began after the Charleston church shooting in 2015.[5] After the killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police the area around the monument became the rally point for the city's protest. Protesters called for the monument to be removed.[7]

In response to the local outcry it is planned for the monument to be moved again from its current location in downtown Athens in 2020 by Athens mayor, Kelly Girtz. The mayor's desire to move the monument is challenged by Senate Bill 77, which prevents the city from moving Confederate monuments from prominent locations to another of lower prominence, but a loophole in the bill could allow the monument to be removed.[8][9][10] On June 16, 2020, the mayor proposed a $450,000 plan that would have the monument moved from Broad Street to Timothy Place in proximity to the site of Athens' only skirmish during the Civil War at Barber Creek.[11] The mayor's plan was approved by the city commissioners on June 25 as part of a project to make the surrounding area more pedestrian-friendly.[12]

Work began on August 10 to remove the monument from the intersection at Broad Street. It is being moved according to the plan approved by the city's commissioners on June 25, but is temporarily being stored in a field until October or November when it can be installed on a new foundation.[6][13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Map of the Downtown Local Historic District". Athens-Clarke County Unified Government. 2017. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Coulter, E. Merton (September 1956). "The Confederate Monument In Athens, Georgia". The Georgia Historical Quarterly. 40 3 (3): 230–247. JSTOR 40577689.
  3. ^ Dowd, Chris (September 16, 2020). "Time Capsule Found in Athens Confederate Monument". Flagpole Magazine. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  4. ^ Norsworthy, Charlotte (August 24, 2017). "Division on Broad Street: Confederate monument in the heart of Athens stirs controversy". The Red & Black. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Aued, Blake (September 27, 2017). "Athens Anti-Discrimination Movement Calls to Take Down Confederate Monument". Flagpole Magazine. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Aldridge, Donesha (August 10, 2020). "Crews to begin work to move Confederate monument in Athens". 11Alive. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
  7. ^ "Athens mayor, commissioners call for the relocation of Confederate monument". WAGA-TV. June 4, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  8. ^ Gratas, Sofi (June 4, 2020). "Athens Mayor Calls For Removal Of Confederate Monument In Wake Of Recent Protests". GPB News. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "2019–2020 Regular Session – SB 77 State Flag, Seal, and other Symbols". Act of April 26, 2019. 155th Georgia General Assembly.
  10. ^ Dowd, Chris (June 5, 2020). "Mayor Girtz Calls for Removing Confederate Monument". Flagpole Magazine. Retrieved June 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Shearer, Lee (June 18, 2020). "As Savannah waits, Athens proposes plan to move Confederate memorial to Civil War battle site". Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  12. ^ Shearer, Lee (June 25, 2020). "Athens-Clarke commissioners OK moving Confederate monument, closing College Square to vehicles". Online Athens. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
  13. ^ Lee Shearer (August 13, 2020). "Athens Confederate monument stored in field as workers break up its foundation". Online Athens. Retrieved August 21, 2020.

External linksEdit