Archaeological expeditions to Nubia
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An expedition of three including Professor J.H.Breasted occurred in November 1905. Later Chicago University expeditions occurred in the seasons 1962-63 and 1963–64 ; excavations between Abu Simbel and the Sudan border. The Coxe expeditions occurred in 1907-10, under the direction of D.R.McIver and L.Wooley. A later joint expedition with the Peabody Museum of Natural History, sought to protect artifacts from rising water level's as a result of the building of the Aswan Low Dam. Colorado University expeditions occurred during 1963-64. Site 6-B-36 located in the proximity of Wadi Halfa is identified as a cemetery complex. The site activity ranged from 2 to 5 kilometres North of the Wadi. The university excavated cemeteries of Meroitic, X-Group, and Christian (Armelegos 1968). Site 24-V-13 located at Argin village is documented as containing objects of ceramic industry. Michigan University studied the people of the villages of Abu Simbel and Ballana from 1966 - 1986 onward. The Tombos expedition led by Stuart Tyson Smith (UCSB) occurred during 2000.
George Armelegos (Massachusetts University) analysed dental and skeletal pathology from the Colorado expeditions.
- "The 1905-1907 Breasted Expeditions To Egypt and The Sudan". Chicago University. Cite journal requires
- Seele, Keith C. (January 1974). "University of Chicago Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition: Excavations between Abu Simbel and the Sudan Border, Preliminary Report". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 33 (1): 1–43. doi:10.1086/372325. JSTOR 543348.
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- "A new look at Ancient Egypt". University of Pennsylvania. Cite journal requires
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- "Wadi Halfa (6B36)". Catalogue of Fossil Hominids. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
- Adams, W.Y. "The X Group or Ballana Culture". Archived from the original on October 5, 2011.
- Greene, David Lee (1982). "Discrete dental variations and biological distances of nubian populations". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 58 (1): 75–79. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330580109. PMID 7124917.
- Buikstra, Jane E.; Beck, Lane A. (2006). Bioarchaeology: the contextual analysis of human remains. ISBN 0-12-369541-4.
- Adams, William Yewdale (1986). Ceramic industries of medieval Nubia, Part 1. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813105000.
- Harris, James E.; Ponitz, Paul V.; Ingalls, Brian K. (1998). "Dental health in ancient Egypt". In Cockburn, Aidan; Cockburn, Eve; Reyman, Theodore Allen (eds.). Mummies, disease & ancient cultures. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-58954-1.
- Smith, Stuart. "Nubia, Survey & Excavations". University of California Santa Barbara. Retrieved 21 October 2012.