Arabian Oryx Sanctuary

The Arabian Oryx Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in the Omani Central Desert and Coastal Hills, it contains rare fauna, including a free-ranging herd of Arabian oryx, the first since the species' extinction in the wild in 1972, and its subsequent reintroduction in 1982 at this site.

Arabian Oryx Sanctuary
Coordinates19°42′0″N 57°0′0″E / 19.70000°N 57.00000°E / 19.70000; 57.00000Coordinates: 19°42′0″N 57°0′0″E / 19.70000°N 57.00000°E / 19.70000; 57.00000
Area27,500 km2
Established1994 (to World Heritage List) (the site is not legally protected)
Official nameArabian Oryx Sanctuary
Designated1994 (18th session)
Reference no.654
RegionArab States
Delisted2007 (31st session)

The endangered houbara bustard breeds in the wild only at sites within the sanctuary. Other species found here include the largest wild population of the endangered Arabian gazelle, as well as Nubian ibex, Arabian wolves, honey badgers, and caracals.[1]

On June 28, 2007, the reserve was removed from the World Heritage Site register. UNESCO cited Oman's decision to reduce the site by 90% and the decline of the population of Arabian oryx from 450 in 1996 to 65 as a result of poaching and loss of habitat. At that time only four mating pairs remained.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Arabian Oryx Sanctuary". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Oman's Arabian Oryx Sanctuary : first site ever to be deleted from UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 September 2011.