Aline Chrétien

Aline Chrétien (née Chaîné; May 14, 1936 – September 12, 2020) was a Canadian academic administrator who was the wife of Canada's 20th prime minister, Jean Chrétien. She previously worked as a secretary, payroll manager, and model. In her later life, she was a trained pianist with The Royal Conservatory of Music.

Aline Chrétien
Aline Chretien.jpg
Chrétien at the 300th anniversary of Saint Petersburg celebrations on May 30, 2003
Spouse of the Prime Minister of Canada
In role
November 4, 1993 – December 12, 2003
Preceded byVacant,
title last held by Mila Mulroney
Succeeded bySheila Martin
Personal details
Born
Aline Chaîné

(1936-05-14)May 14, 1936
Saint-Boniface-de-Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada
DiedSeptember 12, 2020(2020-09-12) (aged 84)
Shawinigan, Quebec, Canada
NationalityCanadian
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)
(m. 1957)
Children3 (including France Chrétien Desmarais)
ProfessionSecretary

Early life and familyEdit

Aline Chaîné was born on May 14, 1936, in Shawinigan, Quebec, the eldest child of Yvonne (Bellemar) and Albert Chaîné.[1] Her mother was a hairdresser; her father worked at a power plant.[2] She left school at age 16 and never attended university but took correspondence courses while working as a secretary.[3] She was also employed as a payroll manager and did some modelling for local clothing stores.[2]

Chaîné married lawyer Jean Chrétien on September 10, 1957. They had two sons, Hubert and Michel Chrétien (adopted), and one daughter, France Chrétien Desmarais.[4] After her husband was elected to Parliament, she taught herself English, Italian, and Spanish, and became fluent in those languages in addition to her native French.[3]

Spouse of the prime ministerEdit

On November 5, 1995, an intruder, André Dallaire, broke into the Prime Minister's residence at 24 Sussex Drive, in Ottawa, Ontario. Awakened next to her sleeping husband, Chrétien confronted the intruder at their bedroom door. Seeing that he was armed with a large knife, she slammed the door and locked it, then woke her husband.[4]

Jean Chrétien often sought out his wife's advice.[4] Maclean's magazine in 1996 listed her first among his most influential advisors, saying "Never mind calling her the power behind the throne—she shares the seat of power."[5] In the same magazine in 2000, Allan Fotheringham described Jean and Aline Chrétien as the two "most powerful" politicians in Canada, above Eddie Goldenberg and Jean Pelletier.[6]

Jean Chrétien has publicly stated that his wife was his key advisor. He once joked that Canada is run exclusively by women: the monarch, the Governor General, and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court were all women, and Madame Chrétien was pulling the strings of the prime minister.[7] He made similar jokes often, once telling a reporter that he did not know when the next election would be because he had not yet asked Aline to set a date.[8]

In her role as the prime minister's spouse, Chrétien went to the memorial of the victim of the W. R. Myers High School shooting in 1999, along with Alberta Premier Ralph Klein, Opposition Leader Preston Manning, and the Attorney General of Canada Anne McLellan.[9] She was awarded her first honorary degree from Laurentian University in 2003.[10]

Later yearsEdit

Chrétien was active in a number of charitable organizations from the time that her husband was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada in 1963.[4] In addition to her keen interest in languages, she took piano courses during her 50s and became an advocate for The Royal Conservatory of Music in Toronto.[2] Jean Chrétien purchased a grand piano for her using the damages he was awarded in a libel case against the The Globe and Mail.[11]

On September 22, 2010, Chrétien was named as the first chancellor of Laurentian University, a bilingual educational institution in Sudbury, Ontario.[12]

Chrétien suffered from Alzheimer's disease.[2] She died on September 12, 2020, at her home in Lac des Piles near Shawinigan.[4] She was 84 and had celebrated her 63rd wedding anniversary two days before.[2][13] No cause of death was disclosed.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c d e Galloway, Gloria (September 13, 2020). "Aline Chrétien rose from poverty to become an influential adviser to the prime minister". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Self-taught Aline Chretien brings passion for education to university post". The Record. September 24, 2010. Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d e Barton, Rosemary; Zimonjic, Peter (September 13, 2020). "Aline Chrétien, wife of former PM Jean Chrétien, has died at age 84". CBC News. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  5. ^ "The opinions the PM heeds". Maclean's. Vol. 109 no. 42. October 14, 1996. pp. 18–19.
  6. ^ Fotheringham, Allan (December 11, 2000). "Aline, the power player". Maclean's. Vol. 113 no. 50. p. 68.
  7. ^ Winsor, Hugh (September 10, 2002). "Forced jokes cap uneasy summit day". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
  8. ^ "Aline Chrétien, épouse de l'ex-premier ministre Jean Chrétien, est décédée". CBC News. September 13, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2020. (in French)
  9. ^ "Canada grieves along with Taber". CBC.ca. May 4, 1999. Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2006.
  10. ^ "Aline Chretien appointed chancellor of Laurentian University". saultstar.com. September 22, 2010. Archived from the original on November 2, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  11. ^ Bryden, Joan (November 12, 2003). "Homecoming King". The Walrus. Toronto. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  12. ^ "Aline Chrétien named first chancellor of Laurentian University". Toronto Star. September 22, 2010.
  13. ^ a b Bryden, Joan (September 13, 2020). "Aline Chretien, wife and trusted adviser of former PM, dead at 84". CTV News. The Canadian Press. Retrieved September 13, 2020.
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Mila Mulroney
Spouse of the Prime Minister of Canada
1993–2003
Succeeded by
Sheila Martin